Ibn Fadlallah al-Umari
  (Redirected from Shihab al-Umari)
Shihab al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Fadlallah al-Umari (Arabic: شهاب الدين أبو العبّاس أحمد بن فضل الله العمري‎‎, romanizedShihāb al-Dīn Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Faḍlallāh al-ʿUmarī), commonly known as Ibn Fadlallah al-Umari or al-Umari, (1300 – 1349) was an Arab historian, born in Damascus.[1] His major works include at-Taʾrīf bi-al-muṣṭalaḥ ash-sharīf, on the subject of the Mamluk administration, and Masālik al-abṣār fī mamālik al-amṣār, an encyclopedic collection of related information.[1] The latter was translated into French by Maurice Gaudefroy-Demombynes in 1927.
Ibn Fadlallah visited Cairo shortly after the MalianMansa Kankan Musa I's pilgrimage to Mecca, and his writings are one of the primary sources for this legendary hajj. In particular, Ibn Fadlallah recorded that the Mansa dispensed so much gold that its value fell in Egypt for a decade afterward, a story that is often repeated in describing the wealth of the Mali Empire.[2]
Ibn Fadlallah also recorded Kankan Musa's stories of the previous mansa; Kankan Musa claimed that the previous ruler had abdicated the throne to journey to a land across the ocean, leading contemporary Malian historian Gaoussou Diawara to theorize that Abu Bakr II reached the Americas years before Christopher Columbus.[citation needed]
His works also provide a basis for the Muslim side on the wars of Amda Seyon I against Ifat, Adal, and other regions.[citation needed]
  1. ^ a b "Al-ʿUmarī - Syrian scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  2. ^ Kingdom of Mali Primary Sources - Boston University: African Studies Center
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Last edited on 26 March 2021, at 15:31
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