Sikh Regiment - Wikipedia
Sikh Regiment
The Sikh Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army that recruits from the jat Sikh community. It is the most decorated regiment of the Indian Army and in 1979, the 1st battalion was the Commonwealth's most decorated battalion with 245 pre-independence and 82 post-independence gallantry awards, when it was transformed into the 4th battalion, Mechanised Infantry Regiment.[3][4][5] The first battalion of the regiment was officially raised just before the annexation of the Sikh Empire on August 1 1846, by the British East India Company. Currently, the Sikh Regimental Centre is located in Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand. The Centre was earlier located in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.
Sikh Regiment

Cap badge of the Sikh Regiment
Active1 August 1846–Present
Branch Indian Army
TypeLine Infantry
Size20 battalions
Motto(s)Nischay Kar Apni Jeet Karon (With determination, I will be triumphant).
War CryBole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal (one will be blessed eternally who says that God is the ultimate)
AnniversariesSeptember 12
Colonel of
the Regiment
Lt. Gen. Sanjay Kumar Jha[2]
Regimental InsigniaLion, symbolic of the name (Singh) every Sikh carries, ringed by a chakra
Men of the Loodiaah (Ludhiana) Sikh Regiment during Second Opium War in China, Circa_1860
The modern Sikh Regiment traces its roots directly from the 11th Sikh Regiment of the British Indian Army. When transferred to the Indian Army like its sister regiments, the numeral prefix (in the case of the Sikh Regiment, 11) was removed and extra battalions were raised, transferred or disbanded to meet army needs. With a humble beginning of two battalions, today the fraternity has grown to a regiment of 19 regular infantry and two reserve battalions strong.
Enlisted soldiers are recruited from the jat Sikh community from Punjab and the surrounding states. They trained internally by the regiment, in which they tend to spend most of their careers. Officers, however, can come from all regions and communities in India and tend to leave the regiment subject to promotion. The war cry of regiment, taken from Sikh scriptures, is Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal. [a]
In a departure from the single class composition, the 13th battalion was raised with multiple class composition: a company each of Sikhs, Dogras, Garhwalis and South Indians. However these units were reverted to their original class composition later.[citation needed]
Awards and citations
The Museum of the Regimental Centre displays a record of the Sikh Regiment in four halls viz.,
With regards to the Kargil War, the Chief of Army Staff (COAS) made a special instant award of "Unit Citation" to the 8th battalion for their meritorious and gallant performance in the isolation of Tiger Hill, which facilitated the capture of Tiger Hill top and Helmet and India Gate, features to the West of Tiger Hill top, on night 07/8 July 1999, in Dras.
In all, the regiment has to its credit 1652 gallantry awards and honours including:
In addition it has also earned:
Battle honours and theatre honours
Battle honours
World War I
French postcard depicting the arrival of 15th Sikh Regiment in France during World War I. The postcard reads, "Gentlemen of India marching to chasten the German hooligans".
Inter-War years
Second World War
Operation Crusader
A Sikh soldier with the flag of Nazi Germany after German surrender during World War II
Theatre honours
Operation Blue Star
About 5000 Indian soldiers, some belonging to the regiment, mutinied after the storming of the Golden Temple by the Indian Army as part of Operation Blue Star in 1984. The Sikh Regiment's 9th battalion was disbanded after a large number of its troops mutinied.[6]
British Army Sikh Regiment
Advanced plans by the British Army to raise a Sikh infantry regiment that would recruit from the UK's Sikh community were scrapped due to accusations by the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) that such a creation could be viewed as racist or sectarian. The plan had many supporters, including Prince Charles.[7]
Gallantry awards
Indian Order of Merit
21 Sikh Regiment soldiers were posthumously awarded the Indian Order of Merit for their actions in the Battle of Saragarhi in 1897:[8][9]
Victoria Cross
Param Vir Chakra
Ashok Chakra
Maha Vir Chakra
Vir Chakra
Lt. Gen. Harbaksh Singh
Padma Vibhushan
Lt. Gen. Harbaksh Singh
Padma Bhushan
Lt. Gen. Harbaksh Singh
 United Kingdom - Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
^ English: One will be blessed eternally who says that God is the ultimate truth
  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Sikh Review. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2010-11-02.
  5. ^ "Army Equipment".
  7. ^ "UK Sikh regiment". Archived from the original on November 18, 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  8. ^ "No. 26937". The London Gazette. 11 February 1898. p. 863.
  9. ^ Regimental numbers from photo of Saragarhi memorial plaque
External links
Last edited on 5 May 2021, at 19:34
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