Tell Kazel - Wikipedia
Tell Kazel
  (Redirected from Simirra)
"Simyra" redirects here. For the genus of moths, see Simyra (moth).
Tell Kazel is an oval-shaped tell that measures 350 m × 325 m (1,150 ft × 1,070 ft) at its base, narrowing to 200 m × 200 m (660 ft × 660 ft) at its top. It is located in the Safita district of the Tartus Governorate in Syria in the north of the Akkar plain on the north of the al-Abrash river approximately 18 km (11 mi) south of Tartus.[1]
Tell Kazel

Shown within Syria
RegionTartus Governorate
Coordinates34.708056°N 35.986111°E
Part ofAncient city
Length350 m
Width325 m
Area11 ha (27 acres)
MaterialStone, flints, pottery
PeriodsBronze Age
Site notes
Excavation dates1956, 1960–1968, 1985-
ArchaeologistsMaurice Dunand, Nassib Saliby, ‘Adnān Bounnī, Leila Badre, Assaad Seif
ManagementDirectorate-General of Antiquities and Museums
Public accessYes
Links to ancient Sumur
The tell was first surveyed in 1956 after which a lengthy discussion was opened by Maurice Dunand and Nassib Saliby identifying the site with the ancient city variously named Sumur, Simyra or Zemar (Egyptian Smr AkkadianSumuru or Assyrian Simirra).[1] The ancient city is mentioned in the Bible, Book of Genesis (Genesis 10:18) and 1 Chronicles (1 Chronicles 1:16) as the home of the Zemarites, an offshoot of the Caananites.[2] It was a major trade center and appears in the Amarna letters; Ahribta is named as its ruler. It was under the guardianship of Rib-Hadda, king of Byblos, but revolted against him and joined Abdi-Ashirta's expanding kingdom of Amurru. Pro-Egyptian factions may have seized the city again but Abdi-Ashirta's son Aziru recaptured the city.
The tell was first excavated between 1960 and 1962 by Maurice Dunand, Nassib Saliby and Adnān Bounni who determined a sequence between the Middle Bronze Age through to the Hellenistic civilization. The most important occupations were determined to have taken place during the Late Bronze Age and Persian Empire.[1]
In 1985, new excavations began in partnership between the Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut and the Directorate-General of Antiquities and Museums in Syria under the directorship of Leila Badre. A large amount of imported pottery from Cyprus, known as Cypriot bichrome ware, was found dating between the 14th and 12th centuries BC and contrasting to other sites in the Homs gap. The city was destroyed during the Late Bronze Age, after which local Mycenaean ceramics, Handmade burnished ware and Grey ware replaced the imported pottery.[1] Architectural remains at the site include a palace complex and temple that were dated towards the end of the Late Bronze Age. The temple contained a variety of amulets, seals and glazed ware that showed similarities with the culture of Ugarit. A later Iron Age settlement was detected between the 9th and 8th centuries BC which was brought to an end with evidence of burnt destruction caused by a currently unidentified Assyrian invasion. A warehouse and defensive installation made out of ashlar blocks were found dating to the Persian period with further evidence of Hellenistic occupation evidenced by a large cemetery in the northeast of the site.[3]
See also
Asia portal
Cities of the ancient Near East
  1. ^ a b c d Badre, Leila (August 2006). "Tell Kazel-Simyra: A Contribution to a Relative Chronological History in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (343): 65–95. JSTOR 25066965.
  2. ^ Leila Badre (1990). Tell Kazel, Syria: excavations of the AUB Museum, 1985–1987 : preliminary reports. Faculty of Arts and Science, American University of Beirut. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  3. ^ Glenn Markoe (2000). Phoenicians. University of California Press. pp. 205–. ISBN 978-0-520-22614-2. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
Further reading
External links
Wikimapia - Tell Kazel archaeological site
Last edited on 16 April 2021, at 15:50
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