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Socialist Destourian Party
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The Socialist Destourian Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي الدستوري‎‎ al-Ḥizb al-Ishtirākī ad-Dustūrī ; French: Parti socialiste destourien) was the ruling political party of Tunisia from 1964 to 1988. Bahi Ladgham was the first Prime Minister from the party and Hédi Baccouche was the last. It was founded on 22 October 1964 and disbanded on 27 February 1988. Habib Bourgiba was the first president of the Socialist Destourian Party from 1964 to 1987. He was succeeded by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from 1987 to 1988.
Socialist Destourian Party/Constitutional Socialist Party
حزب الاشتراكي الدستوري
French nameParti socialiste destourien
Former presidentsHabib Bourguiba (1964–1987)
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987–1988)
Founded22 October 1964
Dissolved27 February 1988
Preceded byNeo Destour
Succeeded byConstitutional Democratic Rally
NewspaperL'Action Tunisienne
IdeologyTunisian nationalism
Secularism
Authoritarianism
Bourguibism
International affiliationSocialist International
History
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2018)
Independence of Tunisia from France was negotiated largely by the Neo Destour's Bourguiba. The effective date was March 20, 1956. The next year the Republic of Tunisia was constituted, which replaced the Beylical form of government. Tunisia became a one-party state, with Neo Destour as the ruling party under Prime Minister and later President Habib Bourguiba.[1] Later the Neo Destour party was renamed the Socialist Destourian Party in 1964, to signal the government's commitment to a socialist phase of political-economic development. This phase failed to fulfill expectations, however, and was discontinued in 1969 with the dismissal of Ahmad ben Salah as economics minister by President Bourguiba.[2][3][4]
The party was dissolved by President Ben Ali in 1988 and replaced by the Constitutional Democratic Rally.
Electoral history
Presidential elections
ElectionParty candidateVotes%Result
1964Habib Bourguiba100%Elected
1969100%Elected
1974100%Elected
Chamber of Deputies elections
ElectionParty leaderVotes%Seats+/–PositionGovernment
1964Habib Bourguiba1,255,153100%101 / 1011011stSole legal party
19691,363,939100%101 / 1011stSole legal party
19741,570,954100%112 / 112111stSole legal party
19791,560,753100%121 / 12191stSole legal party
19811,828,36394.2%
in alliance with the UGTT
136 / 136151stSDP-UGTT coalition government
1986in alliance with the UGTT125 / 125111stSDP-UGTT coalition government
See also
References
  1. ^ Brace, Morocco Algeria Tunisia (Prentice Hall 1964) pp. 114-116, 121-123, 140-143.
  2. ^ Perkins, A History of Modern Tunisia (Cambridge University 2004) at 146-147.
  3. ^ Jean R. Tartter, "Government and Politics" at 234-238, in Tunisia. A Country Study (Washington, D. C. 1987).
  4. ^ Abadi, Tunisia since the Arab Conquest (Ithaca 2013) pp. 139-141.

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Last edited on 10 April 2021, at 18:47
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