) is a city in Tunisia
, capital of the Sousse Governorate
. Located 140 km (87 mi) south of the capital Tunis
, the city has 271,428 inhabitants (2014). Sousse is in the central-east of the country, on the Gulf of Hammamet
, which is a part of the Mediterranean Sea
. Its economy is based on transport equipment, processed food, olive oil
, and tourism
. It is home to the Université de Sousse
A mosaic depicting Medusa
in the Museum of Sousse.
Muslim Arab armies rapidly spread Arab culture
across what had been a thoroughly Romanized and Christianized landscape. Under the Aghlabids
, Susa was established near the ruins of Hadrumetum and served as their main port. Their 827 invasion of Sicily
was mainly launched from the town's harbor. After the Byzantine city of Melite
) was captured by the Aghlabids in 870
from its churches was used to build the Ribat
A soaring structure that combined the purposes of a minaret and a watch tower, it remains in outstanding condition and draws visitors from around the world. Its mosque
is sometimes accounted the oldest surviving in the region and the town's main mosque, also built during the 9th century, has a similarly fortress-like appearance.
Medieval Susa was known for its textile
industries, producing silk
fabrics called Sūsī
. Especially renowned were its robes called shuqqas
, some of which were mass-produced and sold ready-to-wear
throughout the Mediterranean.
Tunisia became a French protectorate
in 1881. The French
improved the town's harbor during the next two decades. Prior to the First World War
, Sousse had about 25,000 inhabitants, including around 10,000 French and roughly 5,000 other Europeans, mostly Italians and Maltese. The port was the garrison of the 4th Tunisian Rifle Regiment.
Sousse has retained the solidly Arabian look and feel it had assumed in the centuries after its initial conquest. Today it is considered one of the best examples of seaward-facing fortifications built by the Arabs. These days, Sousse, with a population of about 200,000, retains a medieval heart of narrow, twisted streets, a kasbah
, its ribat
fortress and long wall on the Mediterranean
. Surrounding it is a modern city of long, straight roads and more widely spaced buildings.
On 26 June 2015, a lone gunman later identified as Seifeddine Rezgui Yacoubi opened fire on tourists sunbathing on a beach
near the Riu Imperial Marhaba and Soviva hotels, killing 38 and wounding 39, before being shot dead by the police.
Golf course Port El-Kantaoui
Sousse is the third largest city in Tunisia after Tunis
. Although Sousse is associated with olive oil
manufacture and has other industries, tourism predominates today. An olive
grove covering more than 2,500 km2
(965 sq mi) constitutes one of its main riches since antiquity
. The busy port near downtown adds a touch of liveliness to its activity. Sousse also had many oil wells
in the area during its colonial period.
Sousse is an important tourist resort. It has a hot semi-arid climate
, with the seaside location moderating the climate, making it an all-season resort with hot, dry summers and warm, mild, wet winters. The fine sandy beaches are backed by orchards
Sousse is considered to be a popular tourist destination, especially due to its nightlife. Well-known nightclubs include Bora Bora, Living, Rediguana, Platinum, and The Saloon. The top producers and DJs in dance come to play at the various clubs. The season traditionally begins at the start of June and finishes on the first weekend of October with the closing parties.
Intercity buses and red-strip microbuses (so-called louages
) connect Sousse with many cities in Tunisia. Urban transit in Sousse is served by routes of articulated and conventional buses, blue-strip louages, and cheap taxis.
Medina of Sousse
, surrounded by its city walls and fortifications, is of historical interest. The medina includes open and covered bazaars (souks). Buildings of historical interest include the ribat
castle, the central mosque, and a historical museum in the Casbah
with mosaics from the area's many Roman villas. The Carthaginiancatacombs
can be visited.
- Population: 220,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate)
- Altitude: 2 m
- Humidity: 69%
- Number of hospitals: (private and public) 15
- Average Temperatures: (mean temperatures from May to August for the last 30 years)
- Min: 19.7 °C
- Max: 29.1 °C
- Average: 24.4 °C
- Rainfall average: May: 19.3 mm
- June: 4 mm
- July: 1.7 mm
- August: 10.3 mm
The highest recorded temperature was 48 °C (118 °F) on August 28, 2007, while the lowest recorded temperature was 4.5 °C (40.1 °F) on December 27, 1993.
Sousse mean sea temperature
Sousse's old city has aspects that made it ideal as a film location. Most famous is Raiders of the Lost Ark
(1981), where Sousse represents Cairo
, however the architectural style of Sousse, white-washed houses with blue details, bear no resemblance to the actual architecture of Cairo.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Boulogne-Billancourt, France
- Braunschweig, Germany
- Constantine, Algeria
- İzmir, Turkey
- Latakia, Syria
- Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Marrakesh, Morocco
- Nice, France
- Thiès, Senegal
- Weihai, China
- ^ Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, Gazeteer, page 511, Map 33 Theveste-Hadrumetum, Compiled by R.B. Hitchner, 1997, in file BATL033_.PDF in B_ATLAS.ZIP Archived 2013-05-07 at the Wayback Machine from Princeton University Press | Subjects | Browse Princeton Catalog by Subject | Archaeology and Ancient History | Archaeology and Ancient History | Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. R.J.A. Talbert, ed. Archived 2012-03-26 at the Wayback Machine | Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, Edited by Richard J. A. Talbert | Map-by-Map Directory.
- ^ a b ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) Report - The Medina of Sousse Archived 2015-07-13 at the Wayback Machine from Site Officiel de la Ville de Sousse | Découvrir Sousse Archived 2012-01-10 at the Wayback Machine | Histoire et Patrimoine | Sousse Patrimoine Mondial de l'humanitéArchived 2011-08-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ Sousse Archaeological Bulletin "SOCIÉTÉ ARCHÉOLOGIQUE DE SOUSSE, Assemblée générale du 29 Février 1903, Extraits des procès-verbaux des réunions." etc., from Institut National du Patrimoine Tunisie / National Heritage Institute (INP) | Digital Library | Sousse Archaeological Bulletin (near bottom of page).
- ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Medina of Sousse". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
- ^ New Class. Dict. (1860), s.v. "Hadrūmētum".
- ^ Norie (1831), p. 348.
- ^ Sallust, Jug., 19.
- ^ Suetonius, Div. Jul., §59. (in Latin) & (in English)
- ^ Brincat, Joseph M. "New Light on the Darkest Age in Malta's History" (PDF). melitensiawth.com. Archived from the original(PDF) on 4 March 2016.
- ^ Goitein, Shelomo Dov; Sanders, Paula (1967). A Mediterranean Society: Daily life. University of California Press. pp. 180, 402. ISBN 0520048695. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- ^ The Further Adventures Of Terrible-tempered Bobby
- ^ a b "Climate: Sousse - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- ^ a b "Sousse, Tuisia". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- ^ a b "Sousse Climate and Weather Averages, Tunisia". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- ^ "Jumelages". boulognebillancourt.com (in French). Boulogne-Billancourt. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Braunschweigs Partner- und Freundschaftsstädte". braunschweig.de (in German). Braunschweig. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Le printemps de Sousse est de retour". letemps.com.tn (in French). Le Temps. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Kardeş Kentler". izmir.bel.tr (in Turkish). İzmir. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Intercity cooperation". ljubljana.si. Mestna občina Ljubljana. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Investissement à Marrakech". amde.ma (in French). Agence Marocaine pour le Développement de l'Entreprise. 2016-09-05. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Tunisie: Jumelage entre les villes de Sousse et Nice". tunisienumerique.com (in French). Tunisie Numerique. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "Hommage à Sembene Ousmane". seneplus.com (in French). Seneplus. 2019-06-16. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- ^ "友好城市". weihai.gov.cn (in Chinese). Weihai. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
- A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology, and Geography, New York: Harper & Bros, 1860.
- Badelon, Ernest Charles François (1911), "Hadrumetum", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. XII, Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., pp. 802–803.
- Norie, J.W. (1831), New Piloting Directions for the Mediterranean Sea..., London: J.W. Norie & Co.
General references and travel guides:
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Last edited on 23 March 2021, at 11:48
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