Sovereignty Council of Sudan The eleven-member Sovereignty Council
: مجلس السيادة السوداني
) is the collective head of state
of Sudan, for 39 months starting 20 August 2019, created by the August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration
Under Article 10.(b) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration, the Council is composed of five civilians chosen by the Forces of Freedom and Change
alliance (FFC), five military representatives chosen by the Transitional Military Council
(TMC), and a civilian selected by agreement between the FFC and TMC. The chair for the first 21 months is a military member, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
, and for the remaining 18 months the chair is to be a civilian member, under Article 10.(c).
The Sovereignty Council is mostly male, with only two female members: Aisha Musa el-Said
and Raja Nicola
Under Article 19 of the Draft Constitutional Declaration, the eleven Sovereignty Council members are ineligible to run in the election
scheduled to follow the transition period.
The 39-month transitional period is scheduled to end in November 2022.
Structure and membership
Article 10.(b) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration defines the Sovereignty Council to consist of five civilians chosen by the FFC, five military chosen by the TMC, and a civilian "selected by agreement" between the FFC and TMC.
Under Article 10.(c) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration, for the first 21 months of the 39-month transitional period defined by the document, the chair of the Sovereignty Council is to be chosen by the five military members of the council. For the following 18 months, the chair is to be chosen by the five civilian members selected by the FFC.
is the civilian member of the Sovereignty Council mutually chosen by the FFC and TMC.
The choice of Nicola, as a member of the Sudanese Copt
community, is seen as a symbol of respect for diversity, in particular to Sudanese Christians.
List of members
The council has fourteen members as follows:
The Sovereignty Council is mostly male, with two of the eleven members being female: Aisha Musa el-Said and Raja Nicola.
The Sudanese Women's Union
argued that women had played as significant a role as men in the political changes of 2019 and that Sudanese women "claim an equal share of 50-50 with men at all levels, measured by qualifications and capabilities".
Ineligibility in 2022
Under Article 19 of the August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration, the eleven members of the Sovereignty Council of the transitional period are forbidden (along with ministers and other senior transition leaders) from running in the 2022 Sudanese general election
scheduled to end the transitional period.
Article 11.(a) lists 17 political powers held by the Sovereignty Council, including the appointment of the Prime Minister
, confirmation of leaders of certain state bodies, the right to declare war or a state of emergency, and signing and ratifying national and international agreements.
Separation of powers
On 24 October, the Sudanese Professionals Association
(SPA) claimed that civilian members of the Sovereignty Council violated the constitutional constraints on their power by appearing to coordinate with Rapid Support Forces
(RSF) and override the Ministry of Health's role in managing vector control
against the spread of dengue fever
. The SPA stated, "the campaign appeared to be the scene of direct interaction of the [RSF] with the health situation in the concerned states, in the absence of health departments at the federal or state level. ... [The] whole issue of health is not the prerogative of the Sovereign Council." Sudan Tribune
expressed concern that the RSF and its leader Hemetti
were trying to improve the RSF's image,
damaged by its carrying out of crimes against humanity
in the War in Darfur
and human rights violations during the 3 June 2019 Khartoum massacre
Under Article 11.(c) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration, the Sovereignty Council makes decisions either by consensus
, or when consensus is not possible, by a two-thirds majority (eight members).
Actions of the Sovereignty Council
The Sovereignty Council announced a state of emergency in Port Sudan
during tribal clashes which resulted in the death of 16 people on 26 August 2019.
In November 2019, Abdalla Hamdok
's government repealed all laws restricting women's freedom of dress, movement, association, work and study. On 22 April 2020, the transitional government issued an amendment to its criminal legislation which declares that anyone who performs Female Genital Mutilation
either in a medical establishment or elsewhere will be punished by three years' imprisonment and a fine.
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- ^ FFC; TMC; Idris, Insaf (17 July 2019). "Political Agreement on establishing the structures and institutions of the transitional period between the Transitional Military Council and the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces" (PDF). Radio Dabanga. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
- ^ a b "Sudan: Constitutional Decree On Appointment of Sovereignty Council Issued". allAfrica.com. 21 August 2019.
- ^ a b c "Sudan's Sovereign Council appointed". Radio Dabanga. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
- ^ "Sudan opposition coalition appoints five civilian members of sovereign council". Thomson Reuters. 18 August 2019. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- ^ a b "FFC finally agree on nominees for Sudan's Sovereign Council". Sudan Tribune. 20 August 2019. Archived from the original on 20 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- ^ "Sudan's Sovereign Council delayed for 48 hours: spokesperson". Sudan Tribune. 19 August 2019. Archived from the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- ^ a b "Sudan moves towards forming Sovereign Council". Sudan Tribune. 19 August 2019. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- ^ https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/sudan-sovereign-council-gains-three-new-members-under-el-burhan
- ^ a b "Sudanese Women's Union protests FFC nominees". Radio Dabanga. 18 August 2019. Archived from the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- ^ "Sudanese professionals slam participation of Sovereign Council members in RSF campaign". Sudan Tribune. 25 October 2019. Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
- ^ Loeb, Jonathan (9 September 2015). ""Men With No Mercy" – Rapid Support Forces Attacks against Civilians in Darfur, Sudan". Human Rights Watch. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- ^ Lynch, Justin (5 June 2019). "Remember The Darfur Genocide? With Saudi Help, One of the Killer Commanders There Is Taking Over Sudan". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 9 April 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- ^ "Sudan's sovereign council declares state of emergency in Port Sudan". Reuters. 26 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
- ^ "Sudan criminalises FGM in 'new era' for women's rights". MEO. 30 April 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
Last edited on 13 April 2021, at 09:47
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