The Speaker of the House of Representatives
: رئيس مجلس النواب
) presides over the sessions of the House of Representatives of Egypt
with functions similar to that of a speaker
in other countries. In case of the vacancy of the presidential office or the permanent incapacitation of the president, the Speaker of the People's Assembly shall temporarily assume the presidency for a maximum period of 60 days.
Following the 2011 Egyptian revolution
and the ouster of ex-president Hosni Mubarak
and arrest of ex-speaker of the assembly Ahmad Fathi Sorour
, one of the leaders of the NDP
, Parliament was temporarily dissolved. Following the 2011-2012 Egyptian parliamentary elections
, speaker Dr. Mohamed Saad El-Katatny
was elected by 399 out of 503 of his fellow MPs
on the opening session of the new parliament on 23 January 2012, almost a year after the outbreak of the revolution. However, the Supreme Constitutional Court invalidated the elections of the House of Representatives, claiming that Brotherhood members ran as independents and that their elections were not valid, thus ordering the lower house to be dissolved.