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National Transitional Council (edit)
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===Formation of an executive board===
On 23 March, the council established an Executiveexecutive Boardboard to act as a transitional government for Libya. Jibril, who had served as chairman of the informal "executive team" since 5 March, was appointed as Chairmanchairman of that board, stating that council would serve as the "legislative body", and the new Executive Board would serve as the "executive body".<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART2/225/119.html|script-title=he:למען מיסראתה: מטוסי המערב תקפו טנקים|newspaper=[[Maariv]]|date=23 March 2011|language=he|trans-title=For Misrata: Western planes attacked tanks|access-date=8 January 2012|agency=Associated Press|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110917222901/http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART2/225/119.html|archive-date=17 September 2011|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=airforce>{{cite news|url= http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/03/201132316258646677.html|title= Libyan Air Force 'No Longer Exists'|newspaper= [[Al Jazeera]]|date= 23 March 2011|access-date= 23 March 2011|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20110324161321/http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/03/201132316258646677.html|archive-date= 24 March 2011|url-status= live}}</ref> Jibril led the meeting and negotiations with French President [[Nicolas Sarkozy]], a meeting that resulted in France officially recognizing the council as the sole representative of the Libyan people.{{citation needed|date=August 2012}}
===Instability in 2012===
The National Transitional Council claimed to be, and was [[International recognition of the National Transitional Council|widely recognized as]], the "only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state".<ref>{{cite web |url=http://ntclibya.org/english/about/ |title=Introducing the Council &#124; The Libyan Republic - The Interim Transitional National Council |publisher=National Transitional Council |access-date=10 March 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110310042042/http://ntclibya.org/english/about/ |archive-date=10 March 2011 |url-status=dead }}</ref> Starting off at 33 members, it rose to 51,<ref name="LibyaTVARaK">{{cite news|work=[[Libya TV]] |url=http://english.libya.tv/2011/11/01/abdul-raheem-al-keeb-elected-libyas-interim-pm/ |title=Abdul Raheem al-Keeb elected Libya's interim PM |date=1 November 2011 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111103211927/http://english.libya.tv/2011/11/01/abdul-raheem-al-keeb-elected-libyas-interim-pm/ |archive-date=3 November 2011 }}</ref> with proposals to increase its size further to 75 or even 125.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.omarturbi.org/NDI-ReportOnTNC62911.pdf|title=The National Democratic Institute Update on Libya June 29, 2011|date=29 June 2011|access-date=19 September 2011|author=David Rolfes|publisher=omarturbi.org|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120619025720/http://www.omarturbi.org/NDI-ReportOnTNC62911.pdf|archive-date=19 June 2012|url-status=dead}}</ref>
Al Jazeera English reported that each city or town under opposition control will be given five seats on the new council and that contact will be established with new cities that come under opposition control to allow them to join the council. The identities of members of the council were not disclosed at the launch conference. Human Rights lawyer [[Hafiz Ghoga]] was the spokesperson for the new council. An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi stated that Mustafa Abdul Jalil still had a leadership role within the new council.<ref name="AJ-LybNatCons">{{cite news|title=Libya Opposition Launches Council|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/2011227175955221853.html|work=[[Al Jazeera]]|date=27 February 2011|access-date=5 March 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110227232201/http://english.aljazeera.net//news/africa/2011/02/2011227175955221853.html|archive-date=27 February 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> The Councilcouncil declared that Jalil was the head of the council.<ref name="ntclibya_founding" /> The council met formally for the first time on 5 March 2011<ref name="ntclibya_founding">{{cite web| title = Founding Statement of the Interim Transitional National Council| publisher = National Transitional Council| date = 5 March 2011| url = http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/| access-date = 7 March 2011| archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20110310051658/http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/| archive-date = 10 March 2011| url-status = dead}}</ref> when it was announced that the council had 33 members.<ref name="ntclibya_membership">{{cite web | title =Council Members | publisher =National Transitional Council | date =5 March 2011 | url =http://ntclibya.org/english/council-members/ | access-date =7 March 2011 | archive-url =https://www.webcitation.org/5x0zNNNFG?url=http://ntclibya.org/english/council-members/ | archive-date =7 March 2011 | url-status =dead }}</ref> The names of some of the members were kept secret to prevent threats to their families that were still in Gaddafi-held areas of Libya.<ref>{{cite news|work=[[The National (Abu Dhabi)|The National]]|url=http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/council-says-its-libyas-sole-representative|title=Council Says It's Libya's Sole Representative|author=Rolla Scolari|date=6 March 2011|access-date=8 August 2012|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110307224715/http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/council-says-its-libyas-sole-representative|archive-date=7 March 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
In September 2011, some of the NTC's members were in [[Benghazi]], while some had moved to the ''de jure'' capital [[Tripoli]]. On 8 September, the head of government Mahmoud Jibril became the highest-ranking NTC official yet to move to Tripoli. Prior to Jibril's relocation, Deputy Chairman Ali Tarhouni was the ''de facto'' leader of the NTC in Tripoli.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/liveblog/libya-sep-8-2011-1928|publisher=Al Jazeera|title=Thursday, September 8, 2011 – 17:28 GMT+3 - Libya|date=8 September 2011|access-date=8 September 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111117201408/http://blogs.aljazeera.net/liveblog/libya-sep-8-2011-1928|archive-date=17 November 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
The members of the council included:<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ntclibya.com/InnerPage.aspx?SSID=7&ParentID=3&LangID=1 |title=The Libyan Interim National Council |publisher=National Transitional Council |access-date=2 June 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110522091355/http://www.ntclibya.com/InnerPage.aspx?SSID=7&ParentID=3&LangID=1 |archive-date=22 May 2011 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Murphy|first=Dan|title=The members of Libya's National Transitional Council|url=http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Backchannels/2011/0902/The-members-of-Libya-s-National-Transitional-Council|access-date=19 September 2011|newspaper=[[The Christian Science Monitor]]|date=2 September 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110913174736/http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Backchannels/2011/0902/The-members-of-Libya-s-National-Transitional-Council|archive-date=13 September 2011|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=List of NTC Members 1 of 2|language=ar|url=http://www.twitpic.com/7x9p8z|access-date=23 December 2011|publisher=twitpic.com|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120403021824/http://www.twitpic.com/7x9p8z|archive-date=3 April 2012|url-status=live}}</ref>
Council Membersmembers:
* [[Mustafa Abdul Jalil]] - Chairmanchairman of the Councilcouncil
* [[Mustafa Honi]] - Vicevice Chairmanchairman of the Councilcouncil
* [[Ahmed al-Senussi|Zubeir Ahmed El-Sharif]] - Political Prisoners representative
* [[Omar El-Hariri]] - Military Council representative
City Representatives:
{{div col|colwidth=22em}}
* [[Hassan Fadeel]] - City of [[Ajdabiya]]
* [[Salih Dirssi]] - City of [[Bayda, Libya|Bayda]]
* [[Ahmed Dayikh]] - City of [[Bayda, Libya|Bayda]]
* [[Mustafa Houni]] - City of [[Jufra District|Jufra]]
* [[Abd al-Qadr Minsar]] - City of [[Khoms, Libya|Khoms]]
* [[Emadaldeen Nussayr]] - City of [[Zawiya, Libya|Zawiya]]
* [[Khaled Nassrat]] - City of [[Zawiya, Libya|Zawiya]]
* [[AbdAllah Turki]] - City of [[Zintan]]
* [[Mukhtar Jadal]] - City of [[Ajaylat]]
* [[Ahmed Zway]] - City of [[Kufra]]
* [[Mustafa Lindi]] - City of [[Kufra]]
* [[Abdullah Al-Mayhoub|Abdullah Moussa Al-Mayhoub]] - City of [[Quba District (Libya)|Quba]]
* [[Taher Dyab]] - City of [[Marj, Libya|Marj]]
* [[Mussa Balkami]] - City of [[Ubari]]
* [[Mohamed ZaynAbideen]] - Lower [[Nafusa Mountains|Nafusa]]
* [[Fathi Baja|Fathi Mohammed Baja]] - City of [[Benghazi]]
* [[Ahmed Al-Abbar]] - City of [[Benghazi]]
* [[Salwa El-Deghali|Salwa Fawzi El-Deghali]] - City of [[Benghazi]]
* [[Khaled Sayih]] - City of [[Benghazi]]
* [[Mansour Mohamed El-Kikhia|Mansour Kikhia]] - City of [[Benghazi]]
* Intisar Ageeli - City of [[Benghazi]]
* Abd al-Basset Naama - City of [[Tarhuna]]
* Ihbaybil Doii - City of [[Jadu, Libya|Jadu]]
* [[Ashour Bourashed]] - City of [[Derna, Libya|Derna]]
* [[Khaled Ahmed ShikShik]] - City of [[Zliten]]
* [[Othman BenSassi]] - City of [[Zuwara]]
* [[Abd al-Majeed Sayf-alNasser]] - City of [[Sabha, Libya|Sabha]]
* [[Mohamed Rimash]] - City of [[Sirte]]
* [[Fraj Shoeib]] - City of [[Shahhat]]
* [[Ali al-Juwani]] - City of [[Sabratha]]
* [[Farhat Shirshari]] - City of [[Sorman]]
* [[Othman Mgayrhi]] - City of [[Tobruk]]
* [[Alameen Bilhaj]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Abd al-Razzag Aradi]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Mohamed Hrayzi]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Abd al-Razzag Abuhajar]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Ali Shitwi]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[AbdAllah Banoon]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Abd al-Nasser Salem]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Abd al-Basset Abadi]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Abd al-Nasser Nafaa]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Salih Darhub]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Osama AbuKraza]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Milad Oud]] - City of [[Tripoli]]
* [[Ali Manaa]] - City of [[Ghadames]]
* [[Idris AbuFayid]] - City of - [[Gharyan]]
* [[Jamal Issa]] - City of [[Kabaw]]
* [[Ali Gamma]] - City of [[Murzuk]]
* [[Abd al-Hadi Shaweesh]] - City of [[Murzuk]]
* [[Ramadan Khaled]] - City of [[Msallata]]
* [[Ibrahim BenGhasheer]] - City of [[Misrata]]
* [[Suleiman Fortia|Suleiman Al-Fortia]] - City of [[Misrata]]
* [[Mohamed Al-Muntasir]] - City of [[Misrata]]
* [[Salem Gnan]] - City of [[Nalut]]
* [[Hassan Sghayir]] - City of [[Wadi al Shatii District|al Shatii]]
* [[Saad Nasr]] - City of [[Wadi al Shatii District|al Shatii]]
* [[Abd al-Razzaq Madi]] - City of [[Yafran]]
* [[Mubarak al-Futmani]] - City of [[Bani Walid]]
{{div col end}}
On 5 March 2011, a crisis committee was set up to act as the executive arm of the council. An Executive Board was announced on 23 March 2011.<ref name=airforce/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/03/2011322193944862310.html#|title=Libyan Rebels Form 'Interim Government'|publisher=Al Jazeera|date=22 March 2011|access-date=25 March 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110324195130/http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/03/2011322193944862310.html|archive-date=24 March 2011|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=board>[http://www.ntclibya.com/InnerPage.aspx?SSID=8&ParentID=3&LangID=1] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110727183717/http://www.ntclibya.com/InnerPage.aspx?SSID=8&ParentID=3&LangID=1 |date=27 July 2011 }}. National Transitional Council.</ref> It originally had 15 members, but a minor reorganisation apparently removed the post of Military Affairs from the council proper and created a successor position for Defence on the board, expanding the bureau to 16 members.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/08/08/161430.html|publisher=[[Al Arabiya]]|date=8 August 2011|access-date=9 August 2011|title=Libyan Rebel Leader Sacks Executive Branch of Transitional Council|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140102194554/http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/08/08/161430.html|archive-date=2 January 2014|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/liveblog/libya-aug-9-2011-1843|publisher=[[Al Jazeera]]|date=9 August 2011|access-date=9 August 2011|title=''Libya Live Blog''|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111117202922/http://blogs.aljazeera.net/liveblog/libya-aug-9-2011-1843|archive-date=17 November 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
The Executiveexecutive Boardboard was dismissed on 8 August 2011 due to administrative mistakes in investigating the assassination in July of Free Libyan Army commander General [[Abdul Fatah Younis|Abdel-Fatah Younes]].<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/aug/09/libyan-rebel-leader-sacks-cabinet|access-date=8 August 2012|newspaper=The Guardian|first=Chris|last=Stephen|title=Libyan rebel leader sacks entire cabinet|date=9 August 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130930192347/http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/aug/09/libyan-rebel-leader-sacks-cabinet|archive-date=30 September 2013|url-status=live}}</ref> Chairman Mahmoud Jibril, the only designated member of the Executiveexecutive Boardboard who was not fired, was tasked with forming a new Board.<ref name="fired">{{cite news|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/08/20118819142699446.html|publisher=Al Jazeera|date=8 August 2011|access-date=8 August 2011|title=Libyan Opposition Dissolves Leadership Board|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110809124057/http://english.aljazeera.net//news/africa/2011/08/20118819142699446.html|archive-date=9 August 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
====Members (March–August 2011)====
Prior to the re-shuffle in August 2011, the board members were:<ref name=board/>
{{div col}}
*[[Mahmoud Jibril]] – [[List of heads of government of Libya|Chairman]] and Headhead of International​international Affairsaffairs
*[[Ali Abd-al-Aziz al-Isawi|Ali Al-Issawi]] – Vice​vice​-​Chairman​chairman
*Ahmed Hussein Al-Darrat – Internal Affairs and Local Government
*[[Jalal al-Digheily]] – Defence (formerly Military Affairs)
A new cabinet was unveiled in early October 2011, though not all of its members were announced at once. Individuals confirmed to be part of the new board included<ref>{{cite news|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011102181154543584.html|publisher=Al Jazeera|title=New cabinet takes shape in Libya|date=2 October 2011|access-date=2 October 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111002231518/http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011102181154543584.html|archive-date=2 October 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Mahmoud Jibril as prime minister, [[Ali Tarhouni]] as deputy prime minister, and [[Jalal al-Digheily]] as defence minister. On 23 October, Jibril resigned as Mustafa Abdul Jalil declared an end to the Libyan civil war,<ref name="declib">{{cite news|url=http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/f459749a-fd86-11e0-a9db-00144feabdc0.html?ftcamp=rss#axzz1bdQwjJL8|title=Libya declares liberation after Gaddafi's death|date=23 October 2011|access-date=23 October 2011|first=Borzou|last=Daragahi|work=Financial Times}}</ref> and [[Abdurrahim El-Keib]] succeeded him as prime minister on 31 October.<ref name="LibyaTVARaK"/>
The executive board was dissolved on 22 November 2011 as per the Interim constitution which stated that the Executiveexecutive board must be dissolved upon the formation of the Interim Government.{{citation needed|date=August 2012}}
===Interim government===
The [[anti-Gaddafi forces]] were Libyan armed forces which were constituted during the 2011 war by defected military members and armed citizens in order to engage in battle against remaining members of the [[Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|Jamahiriya's armed forces]], hired mercenaries and paramilitary loyal to the rule of [[Muammar Gaddafi]]. The [[National Liberation Army (Libya)|National Liberation Army]], formerly known as the Free Libyan Army, was the NTC's military arm, with the small [[Free Libyan Air Force]] operating assets including captured and defected fighter jets and helicopters.
[[Omar El-Hariri]] was the first military affairs minister the NTC named, holding that position from 23 March 2011 forward. By 19 May 2011, however, [[Jalal al-Digheily]] had replaced El-Hariri.<ref name="economist">{{cite news|url=http://www.economist.com/node/18713650?story_id=18713650&fsrc=rss|work=[[The Economist]]|date=19 May 2011|access-date=6 August 2011|title=Libya: The Colonel Feels the Squeeze|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140203203339/http://www.economist.com/node/18713650?story_id=18713650&fsrc=rss|archive-date=3 February 2014|url-status=live}}</ref> Then on 8 August 2011, Digheily along with 14 other members of the Executiveexecutive Boardboard were fired and the position left vacant, but was reappointed in early October 2011 after continuing in the role of interim defense minister for almost two months.<ref name="newcab">{{cite news|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011103124138235256.html|work=Al Jazeera|title=Jibril vows to quit after Libya 'liberation'|date=3 October 2011|access-date=3 October 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111101163706/http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011103124138235256.html|archive-date=1 November 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Then on 22 November 2011, the Executive​executive​Board​board was dissolved for the formation of the Interim Government and [[Osama al-Juwali]] became the new Defense Minister.
On 1 April 2011, [[Abdul Fatah Younis]] was announced as commander of the NTC's forces, in an attempt to form an organized fighting structure due to a string of failures. Younis was killed in an attack on 29 July 2011 which was variously blamed on pro-Gaddafi agents,<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/top-stories/2011/07/28/libya-rebel-head-abdel-fattah-younis-killed-115875-23304284|title= Rebel head Abdel-Fattah Younis Killed|work=[[Daily Mirror]]|date=28 July 2011|access-date=8 August 2012}}</ref> rogue rebel militiamen, and the NTC itself.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://news.sky.com/story/870718/libyan-rebel-military-leader-is-killed |title=Libyan Rebel Military Leader Is Killed |date=29 July 2011 |publisher=Sky News |access-date=8 August 2012 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121017074217/http://news.sky.com/story/870718/libyan-rebel-military-leader-is-killed |archive-date=17 October 2012 |url-status=live }}</ref> [[Suleiman Mahmoud]], Younis's top lieutenant, replaced him as army commander.<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2011-07-29-libya-rebel-chief-slain_n.htm|work=USA Today|agency=Associated Press|date=29 July 2011|access-date=29 July 2011|title=Officer accuses fellow rebels in Libya killing|first=Rami|last=Al-Shaheibi|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110731044153/http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2011-07-29-libya-rebel-chief-slain_n.htm|archive-date=31 July 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
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