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'''Hama''' ({{lang-ar|حَمَاة}} ''{{transl|ar|DIN|Ḥamāh}}'', {{IPA-ar|ħaˈmaː|}}; {{lang-syr|ܚܡܬ}} ''Ḥmṭ'', ''"fortress"''; [[Biblical Hebrew]]: {{lang|he|חֲמָת}} ''Ḥamāth'') is a city on the banks of the [[Orontes River]] in west-central [[Syria]]. It is located {{convert|213|km|abbr=on}} north of [[Damascus]] and {{convert|46|km}} north of [[Homs]]. It is the provincial capital of the [[Hama Governorate]]. With a population of 854,000 (2009 census), Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs.<ref>[https://www.pbs.org/newshour/world/your-cheat-sheet-to-the-syrian-conflict Updated: Your Cheat Sheet to the Syrian Conflict]. PBS.</ref><ref name="britannica"​>{{cite web|title=Hamah (Syria)|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/253154/Hamah|publisher=Encyclopædia Britannica|access-date=3 June 2013}}</ref>
 
The city is renowned for [[Norias of Hama|its seventeen norias]] used for watering the gardens, which are locally claimed to date back to 1100 BC. Though historically used for purpose of [[irrigation]], the [[noria]]s exist today as an almost entirely aesthetic traditional show.
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