National Transitional Council: Difference between revisions
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===Early efforts to form a government===
[[File:Al Bayda opposition meeting.PNG|thumb|left|Opposition meeting in Bayda, 24 February 2011]]
On 24 February 2011, politicians, former military officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting in the eastern city of [[Bayda, Libya|Bayda]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/spotlight/libya/ |title=Spotlight Libya |publisher= [[Al Jazeera English]] |date= |accessdate= 25 March 2011}}</ref> The meeting was chaired by former justice minister [[Mustafa Abdul Jalil]], who [[List of Libyan officials who protested or resigned during 2011 protests|quit the Jamahiriya government]] a few days before. The delegates discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya.<ref>{{cite news | author = Staff | date = 25 February 2011 | title = Discussions Under Way for Provisional Government in Libya| url = http://maltastar.com/pages/r1/ms10dart.asp?a=14356 | work = [[Malta Star]] | accessdate = 17 August 2011}}</ref> The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Jamahiriya flag.<ref name="ReferenceA">{{cite news | publisher = [[NPR]] | date = 23 February 2011 | url = http://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya | title = New Government Forms in Eastern Libya}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Bloomberg Businessweek]] |date=25 February 2011 |url=http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html |title=Libya's Eastern Rebels Long Time Qaddafi Foes Driving Revolt |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org​/web​/20110228232031/http://www.businessweek.com​:80​/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html |archivedate=28 February 2011 }}</ref>
On 25 February, [[Al Jazeera]] TV reported that talks were taking place between "personalities from eastern and western Libya" to form an interim government for the post-Gaddafi era.<ref name="ReferenceA"/> The following day, former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil was announced to be leading the process of forming an interim body, to be based in Benghazi.<ref>{{cite news | publisher = [[CBN News]] | date = 26 February 2011 | url = http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/02/26/11/terror-tripoli-pressure-builds-yemen | title = Terror in Tripoli as pressure builds in Yemen|accessdate=8 August 2012|agency=Agence France-Presse}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Al Jazeera]] |title=Live Blog |url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26 |date=26 February 2011 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org​/web​/20110301015859/http://blogs.aljazeera.net​:80​/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26? |archivedate=1 March 2011 }}</ref> Jalil stated that "Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred" in Libya; he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli was the national capital.<ref>{{cite news | publisher = lse.co.uk| title = Ex-Libyan Minister Forms Interim Government: report | agency=Reuters| url = http://www.lse.co.uk/FinanceNews.asp?ArticleCode=77c8l0riig2uluz&ArticleHeadline=Ex_Libyan_minister_forms_interim_govtreport|date=26 February 2011|accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the [[United States]], [[Ali Suleiman Aujali]].<ref>{{cite news | publisher = [[Reuters]] | url = http://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFN2613766620110226 | title=Update 1-Exclusive-Libya Envoy to U.S. Backs Interim Government | date=26 February 2011 |accessdate=8 August 2012 |author=Arshad Mohammed}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Al Jazeera]] |title=Live Blog&nbsp;&ndash; Libya |date=27 February 2011 |url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org​/web​/20110308080819/http://blogs.aljazeera.net​:80​/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27 |archivedate=8 March 2011 }}</ref> The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, [[Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi]], stated that he supported a new alternative government "in principle".<ref>{{cite news|date=27 February 2011|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/201122702915408866.html#|title=Interim Libyan Govt Wins Support|publisher=[[Al Jazeera]]|accessdate=17 August 2011}}</ref>
===Establishment of a national council===
| footnotes =
The National Transitional Council claimed to be, and was [[International recognition of the National Transitional Council|widely recognized as]], the "only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ntclibya.org/english/about/ |title=Introducing the Council &#124; The Libyan Republic - The Interim Transitional National Council |publisher= National Transitional Council|accessdate= 10 March 2011}}</ref> Starting off at 33 members, it rose to 51,<ref name="LibyaTVARaK">{{cite news|work=[[Libya TV]] |url=http://english.libya.tv/2011/11/01/abdul-raheem-al-keeb-elected-libyas-interim-pm/ |title=Abdul Raheem al-Keeb elected Libya's interim PM |date=1 November 2011 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org​/web​/20111103211927/http://english.libya.tv​:80​/2011/11/01/abdul-raheem-al-keeb-elected-libyas-interim-pm/ |archivedate=3 November 2011 }}</ref> with proposals to increase its size further to 75 or even 125.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.omarturbi.org/NDI-ReportOnTNC62911.pdf |title=The National Democratic Institute Update on Libya June 29, 2011|date=29 June 2011|accessdate= 19 September 2011|format=PDF|author=David Rolfes|publisher=omarturbi.org}}</ref>
Al Jazeera English reported that each city or town under opposition control will be given five seats on the new council and that contact will be established with new cities that come under opposition control to allow them to join the council. The identities of members of the council were not disclosed at the launch conference. Human Rights lawyer [[Hafiz Ghoga]] was the spokesperson for the new council. An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi stated that Mustafa Abdul Jalil still had a leadership role within the new council.<ref name="AJ-LybNatCons">{{cite news |title=Libya Opposition Launches Council|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/2011227175955221853.html |work= [[Al Jazeera]] |date=27 February 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref> The Council declared that Jalil was the head of the council.<ref name="ntclibya_founding" /> The council met formally for the first time on 5 March 2011<ref name="ntclibya_founding">{{cite web| title =Founding Statement of the Interim Transitional National Council| publisher = National Transitional Council| date = 5 March 2011| url =http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/ | accessdate = 7 March 2011 |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5x0wuZ8r2 |archivedate= 7 March 2011 |deadurl=no }}</ref> when it was announced that the council had 33 members.<ref name="ntclibya_membership">{{cite web| title =Council Members | publisher = National Transitional Council| date = 5 March 2011| url =http://ntclibya.org/english/council-members/ | accessdate =7 March 2011 |archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5x0zNNNFG |archivedate=7 March 2011 |deadurl=no }}</ref> The names of some of the members were kept secret to prevent threats to their families that were still in Gaddafi-held areas of Libya.<ref>{{cite news | work = [[The National (Abu Dhabi)|The National]] | url=http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/council-says-its-libyas-sole-representative | title = Council Says It's Libya's Sole Representative|author=Rolla Scolari|date=6 March 2011|accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref>
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