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National Transitional Council (edit)
Revision as of 14:47, 9 September 2017
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{{Infobox organization
| name = Ad-Djaal National Transitional Council <br/>{{lang|ar| المجلس الوطني الانتقالي }} <br/>''{{transl|ar|al-majlis al-waṭanī al-intiqālī}}''
| image = Seal of the National Transitional Council (Libya).svg
| image_border =
| mcaption = <!-- optional -->
| map2 =
| abbreviation = ANTCNTC
| motto =
| predecessor = [[General People's Congress (Libya)|General People's Congress]] of the [[History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)|Libyan Arab Jamahiriya]]
| successor = [[General National Congress]] of Libya
| formation = 27 February 2011
| extinction =<!-- Please do not change this parameter name, or the datum will not display -->8 August 2012 <ref name="Gnan-6-Aug-Meet">{{Citation |first=Michel |last=Cousins |title=National Congress to meet on 8 August: ANTCNTC |newspaper=Libya Herald |date=24 July 2012 |url=http://www.libyaherald.com/national-congress-to-meet-on-8-august/ |accessdate=26 July 2012 }}</ref>
| type = [[Provisional government|Provisional authority]]
| purpose = [[Deliberative assembly]]/ [[deliberative democracy]]
}}
{{Politics of Libya}}
The '''National Transitional Council of Libya''' ({{lang-ar|المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي}} ''{{transl|ar|ALA-LC|al-[[majlis]] al-waṭanī al-intiqālī}}'' ), sometimes known as the '''Transitional National Council''',<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.wsws.org/articles/2011/jul2011/pers-j20.shtml|publisher = [[World Socialist Web Site]]|title=The US recognises Libya's Transitional National Council|date=20 July 2011|accessdate=29 July 2011}}</ref> was the ''de facto'' government of [[Libya]] for a period during and after the [[2011 Libyan Civil War|Libyan Civil War]], in which [[anti-Gaddafi forces|rebel forces]] overthrew the [[Libyan Arab Jamahiriya]] of [[Muammar Gaddafi]]. The '''ANTCNTC''' governed Libya for a period of ten months after the end of the war, holding [[Libyan General National Congress election, 2012|elections]] to a [[General National Congress]] on 7 July 2012, and handing power to the newly elected assembly on 8 August.<ref>[http://www.boston.com/news/world/middle-east/2012/08/08/libya-transitional-rulers-hand-over-power/uMPkXd9vTSSHg589mU9ykJ/story.html Libya's transitional rulers hand over power], ''Boston.com'', 8 August 2012.</ref>
 
The formation of the ANTCNTC was announced in the city of [[Benghazi]] on 27 February 2011 with the purpose to act as the "political face of the revolution". On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state".<ref name="news.com.au">{{cite news |title=Ferocious Battles in Libya as National Council Meets for First Time |url=http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/ferocious-battles-in-libya-as-national-council-meets-for-first-time/story-e6frfku0-1226016536676 |date=6 March 2011 |accessdate=6 March 2011 | publisher = [[NewsCore]] (via [[news.com.au]])}}</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">The Interim Transitional National Council Decree 3. 5 March 2011.</ref><ref name="ntclibya_founding" /> An executive board, chaired by [[Mahmoud Jibril]], was formed by the council on 23 March 2011 after being ''de facto'' assembled as an "executive team" since 5 March 2011. The NTC issued a [[Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration|Constitutional Declaration]] in August 2011 in which it set up a road-map for the transition of the country to a [[constitutional democracy]] with an elected government.
 
The council gained [[International recognition of the National Transitional Council|international recognition]] as the legitimate governing authority in Libya<ref>{{cite news|url=https://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFLDE76E0W120110715| publisher = [[Reuters]] |date=15 July 2011|accessdate=25 July 2011|title=Excerpts from Libya Contact Group Chair's Statement}}</ref> and occupied the country's seat at the [[United Nations]].<ref name="unga_144">{{cite news|url=http://www.mercurynews.com/news/ci_18910663|work=San Jose Mercury News|first=Edith|last=Lederer|title=UN approves Libya seat for former rebels|date=16 September 2011|accessdate=16 September 2011}}</ref> In referring to the Libyan state, the council used simply "Libya". The UN formally recognized the country as "Libya" in September 2011,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://unterm.un.org |title=United Nations interoffice memorandum dated 16 September 2011 from Desmond Parker, Chief of Protocol, to Shaaban M. Shaaban, Under-Secretary-General for General Assembly and Conference Management, attaching memorandum from Stadler Trengove, Senior Legal Officer |publisher=Unterm.un.org |date= |accessdate=2013-02-05}}</ref> based on a request from the Permanent Mission of Libya citing the [[Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration]] of 3 August 2011. In November 2011, the [[ISO 3166-1]] was altered to reflect the new country name "Libya" in English, "Libye (la)" in French.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.iso.org/iso/nl_vi-11_name_change_for_libya.pdf |accessdate=13 December 2011 |date=8 November 2011 |title=ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-11: Name change for Libya |publisher=International Organization for Standardization}}</ref>
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