National Transitional Council: Difference between revisions
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National Transitional Council (edit)
Revision as of 19:10, 9 September 2017
Grammatical restructuring. More work needs to be done in this field.
The formation of the NTC was announced in the city of [[Benghazi]] on 27 February 2011 with the purpose to act as the "political face of the revolution". On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state".<ref name="news.com.au">{{cite news |title=Ferocious Battles in Libya as National Council Meets for First Time |url=http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/ferocious-battles-in-libya-as-national-council-meets-for-first-time/story-e6frfku0-1226016536676 |date=6 March 2011 |accessdate=6 March 2011 | publisher = [[NewsCore]] (via [[news.com.au]])}}</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">The Interim Transitional National Council Decree 3. 5 March 2011.</ref><ref name="ntclibya_founding" /> An executive board, chaired by [[Mahmoud Jibril]], was formed by the council on 23 March 2011 after being ''de facto'' assembled as an "executive team" since 5 March 2011. The NTC issued a [[Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration|Constitutional Declaration]] in August 2011 in which it set up a road-map for the transition of the country to a [[constitutional democracy]] with an elected government.
The council gained [[International recognition of the National Transitional Council|international recognition]] as the legitimate governing authority in Libya<ref>{{cite news|url=https://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFLDE76E0W120110715| publisher = [[Reuters]] |date=15 July 2011|accessdate=25 July 2011|title=Excerpts from Libya Contact Group Chair's Statement}}</ref> and occupied the country's seat at the [[United Nations]].<ref name="unga_144">{{cite news|url=http://www.mercurynews.com/news/ci_18910663|work=San Jose Mercury News|first=Edith|last=Lederer|title=UN approves Libya seat for former rebels|date=16 September 2011|accessdate=16 September 2011}}</ref> In referring to the Libyan state, the council used simply "Libya". The UN formally recognized the country as "Libya" inon September 2011,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://unterm.un.org |title=United Nations interoffice memorandum dated 16 September 2011 from Desmond Parker, Chief of Protocol, to Shaaban M. Shaaban, Under-Secretary-General for General Assembly and Conference Management, attaching memorandum from Stadler Trengove, Senior Legal Officer |publisher=Unterm.un.org |date= |accessdate=2013-02-05}}</ref> based on a request from the Permanent Mission of Libya citing the [[Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration]] of 3 August 2011. In November 2011, the [[ISO 3166-1]] was altered to reflect the new country name "Libya" in English, "Libye (la)" in French.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.iso.org/iso/nl_vi-11_name_change_for_libya.pdf |accessdate=13 December 2011 |date=8 November 2011 |title=ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-11: Name change for Libya |publisher=International Organization for Standardization}}</ref>
A National Transitional Council was formed on 27 February to act as "the political face of the revolution".<ref>{{cite news |title=Anti-Gaddafi Figures Say Form National Council|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/27/libya-council-revolution-idUSWEB194120110227 | publisher=Reuters |date= 28 February 2011 |author1=Abbas, Mohammed |author2=Blair, Edmund |lastauthoramp=yes |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> Its spokesman, [[Abdul Hafiz Ghoga]], made clear at the launch press conference that the national council was not a provisional government and added that the newly formed council was not in contact with foreign governments and did not want them to intervene.<ref name="AJ-LybNatCons"/> He later clarified that an airstrike mandated by the United Nations would not be considered a foreign intervention.<ref>{{cite news |title=Libyan Rebels Said To Debate Seeking U.N. Airstrikes|url=http://nytimes.com/2011/03/02/world/africa/02libya.html |date=1 March 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011 |work= [[The New York Times]] |first1=Kareem |last1=Fahim |first2=David D. |last2=Kirkpatrick}}</ref>
An Al Jazeera journalist in Benghazi reported that a fully fledged interim government would not be formed until Tripoli was under opposition control.<ref>Reported on Al-Jazeera English TV by Hoda Abdel-Hamid{{full citation needed|date=January 2012}}</ref> This contradicted Jalil's statement of the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments were later clarified by the council as Jalil's "personal views".
On 5 March, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "sole representative of all Libya". Mustafa Abdul Jalil was named as chairman of the council.<ref name="news.com.au"/><ref name="ReferenceB"/><ref name="ntclibya_founding" />
===Instability in 2012===
In mid-January 2012, protesters against the NTC stormed its Benghazi headquarters, demanding greater transparency on expenditures, that Gaddafi-era officials be sacked, and that Islamic [[sharia law]] be the source of the country's future constitution.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/01/21/189534.html |title=Libyan protesters storm government headquarters in Benghazi |date=21 January 2012 |publisher=Al Arabiya |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> Jalil was in the building, but slipped out the back before protesters broke in and stole computers and furniture. A few days earlier, [[Abdul Hafiz Ghoga]], vice president of the NTC, was surrounded and jostled by a group of university students in Benghazi, before being pulled to safety by supporters.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.firstpost.com/world/libyas-ntc-faces-protesters-wrath-as-it-grapples-with-transition-189917.html |title=Libya's NTC faces protesters' wrath as it grapples with transition |author=Malvika Tegta |date=22 January 2012 |publisher=Firstpost.com |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref>
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