National Transitional Council: Difference between revisions
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===Early efforts to form a government===
[[File:Al Bayda opposition meeting.PNG|thumb|left|Opposition meeting in Bayda, 24 February 2011]]
On 24 February 2011, politicians, former military officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting in the eastern city of [[Bayda, Libya|Bayda]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/spotlight/libya/ |title=Spotlight Libya |publisher= [[Al Jazeera English]] |date= |accessdate= 25 March 2011}}</ref> The meeting was chaired by former justice minister [[Mustafa Abdul Jalil]], who [[List of Libyan officials who protested or resigned during 2011 protests|quit the Jamahiriya government]] a few days before. The delegates discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya.<ref>{{cite news | author = Staff | date = 25 February 2011 | title = Discussions Under Way for Provisional Government in Libya| url = http://maltastar.com/pages/r1/ms10dart.asp?a=14356 | work = [[Malta Star]] | accessdate = 17 August 2011}}</ref> The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Jamahiriya flag.<ref name="ReferenceA">{{cite news | publisher = [[NPR]] | date = 23 February 2011 | url = http​https​://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya | title = New Government Forms in Eastern Libya}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Bloomberg Businessweek]] |date=25 February 2011 |url=http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html |title=Libya's Eastern Rebels Long Time Qaddafi Foes Driving Revolt |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110228232031/http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html |archivedate=28 February 2011 }}</ref>
On 25 February, [[Al Jazeera]] TV reported that talks were taking place between "personalities from eastern and western Libya" to form an interim government for the post-Gaddafi era.<ref name="ReferenceA"/> The following day, former justice minister Mustafa Abdul Jalil was announced to be leading the process of forming an interim body, to be based in Benghazi.<ref>{{cite news | publisher = [[CBN News]] | date = 26 February 2011 | url = http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/02/26/11/terror-tripoli-pressure-builds-yemen | title = Terror in Tripoli as pressure builds in Yemen|accessdate=8 August 2012|agency=Agence France-Presse}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Al Jazeera]] |title=Live Blog |url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26 |date=26 February 2011 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110301015859/http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26? |archivedate=1 March 2011 }}</ref> Jalil stated that "Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred" in Libya; he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli was the national capital.<ref>{{cite news | publisher = lse.co.uk| title = Ex-Libyan Minister Forms Interim Government: report | agency=Reuters| url = http://www.lse.co.uk/FinanceNews.asp?ArticleCode=77c8l0riig2uluz&ArticleHeadline=Ex_Libyan_minister_forms_interim_govtreport|date=26 February 2011|accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the [[United States]], [[Ali Suleiman Aujali]].<ref>{{cite news | publisher = [[Reuters]] | url = https://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFN2613766620110226 | title=Update 1-Exclusive-Libya Envoy to U.S. Backs Interim Government | date=26 February 2011 |accessdate=8 August 2012 |author=Arshad Mohammed}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|work=[[Al Jazeera]] |title=Live Blog&nbsp;&ndash; Libya |date=27 February 2011 |url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110308080819/http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27 |archivedate=8 March 2011 }}</ref> The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, [[Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi]], stated that he supported a new alternative government "in principle".<ref>{{cite news|date=27 February 2011|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/201122702915408866.html#|title=Interim Libyan Govt Wins Support|publisher=[[Al Jazeera]]|accessdate=17 August 2011}}</ref>
During the war, in opposition-held Benghazi, a 15-member "local committee"<ref>{{cite news |title=Libya's Second City, Benghazi, Learns To Govern Itself After Decades of Oppression | last= Schemm|first=Paul |agency= [[Associated Press]]|work=Guelph Mercury|url=http://www.guelphmercury.com/news/world/article/492603--libya-s-second-city-benghazi-learns-to-govern-itself-after-decades-of-oppression |date=24 February 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref> made up of lawyers, judges and respected local people was formed in order to provide civic administration and public services within the city.<ref name="BBC-Live-Lybia">{{cite news |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12307698 |title=BBC Libya Live Coverage|work=BBC |accessdate=4 March 2011}}</ref> Residents have organised to direct traffic and collect refuse. Many shops and businesses have opened again.<ref name="BBC-Live-Lybia"/> A newspaper<ref>{{cite web |title=First Edition of the Benghazi Newspaper | publisher = feb17.info | url=http://feb17.info/media/first-edition-of-the-benghazi-newspaper/ |date = 24 February 2011 | accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref> and two local radio stations were also established.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/ |title=Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council &#124; The Libyan Republic - The Interim Transitional National Council |publisher= National Transitional Council |accessdate= 10 March 2011}}</ref>
Similar "local committees" were formed in other cities controlled by opposition groups.<ref>{{cite web |author= Garcia-Navarro, Lourdes | url =​http​https​://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya | title = New Government Forms in Eastern Libya | publisher = [[NPR]] |date=23 February 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref>
===Commercial bodies===
[[Omar El-Hariri]] was the first military affairs minister the NTC named, holding that position from 23 March 2011 forward. By 19 May 2011, however, [[Jalal al-Digheily]] had replaced El-Hariri.<ref name="economist">{{cite news|url=http://www.economist.com/node/18713650?story_id=18713650&fsrc=rss|work = [[The Economist]]|date=19 May 2011|accessdate=6 August 2011|title=Libya: The Colonel Feels the Squeeze}}</ref> Then on 8 August 2011, Digheily along with 14 other members of the Executive Board were fired and the position left vacant, but was reappointed in early October 2011 after continuing in the role of interim defense minister for almost two months.<ref name="newcab">{{cite news|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011103124138235256.html|work=Al Jazeera|title=Jibril vows to quit after Libya 'liberation'|date=3 October 2011|accessdate=3 October 2011}}</ref> Then on 22 November 2011, the Executive Board was dissolved for the formation of the Interim Government and [[Osama al-Juwali]] became the new Defense Minister.
On 1 April 2011, [[Abdul Fatah Younis]] was announced as commander of the NTC's forces, in an attempt to form an organized fighting structure due to a string of failures. Younis was killed in an attack on 29 July 2011 which was variously blamed on pro-Gaddafi agents,<ref>{{cite news|url=​http​https​://www.mirror.co.uk/news/top-stories/2011/07/28/libya-rebel-head-abdel-fattah-younis-killed-115875-23304284|title= Rebel head Abdel-Fattah Younis Killed|work=[[Daily Mirror]]|date=28 July 2011|accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> rogue rebel militiamen, and the NTC itself.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://news.sky.com/story/870718/libyan-rebel-military-leader-is-killed |title=Libyan Rebel Military Leader Is Killed |date=29 July 2011 |publisher=Sky News |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> [[Suleiman Mahmoud]], Younis's top lieutenant, replaced him as army commander.<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2011-07-29-libya-rebel-chief-slain_n.htm|work=USA Today|agency=Associated Press|date=29 July 2011|accessdate=29 July 2011|title=Officer accuses fellow rebels in Libya killing|first=Rami|last=Al-Shaheibi}}</ref>
==Foreign relations==
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