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===Uprising and civil war===
{{Main|2011 Libyan civil war}}
After [[Arab Spring|popular movements]] overturned the rulers of [[Tunisian revolution|Tunisia]] and [[2011 Egyptian revolution|Egypt]], Libya's immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale [[uprising]] beginning in February 2011.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blogs.aljazeera.net/middle-east/2011/02/17/live-blog-libya |title= Live Blog &nbsp;&ndash; Libya |publisher= [[Al Jazeera]] |date= 17 February 2011 |accessdate= 23 February 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://archive.libyafeb17.com/category/newsfeed/ |title=News &#124; Libya February 17th |publisher=Libyafeb17.com |date= |accessdate= 23 February 2011}}</ref> By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. Much of Libya had slipped out of Gaddafi's control, falling to anti-Gaddafi forces. [[Cyrenaica|Eastern Libya]], centered around the second largest city and vital port of Benghazi, was firmly under the control of the opposition. The opposition began to organise themselves into a functioning government.<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/02/25/world/middleeast/map-of-how-the-protests-unfolded-in-libya.html| work = [[The New York Times]] |title=Map of How the Protests Unfolded in Libya|date=25 February 2011|accessdate=26 February 2011|author1=Burgess, Joe |author2=Fahim, Kareem }}</ref> Anti-Gaddafi forces marched on [[Sirte]] ([[Muammar Gaddafi|Gaddafi]]'s hometown) on 28 September 2011. [[Armed forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|Gaddafi loyalists]] delayed the attack with the use of their snipers. The [[Battle of Sirte (2011)|fight for Sirte]] ended on 20 October with the capture of the town and the death of Colonel Gaddafi.<ref>{{cite news|url=​http​https​://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15389550| publisher = [[BBC News]] |title=Libya's Col Muammar Gaddafi killed, says NTC|date=20 October 2011|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
 
===Early efforts to form a government===
On 5 March, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "sole representative of all Libya". Mustafa Abdul Jalil was named as chairman of the council.<ref name="news.com.au"/><ref name="ReferenceB"/><ref name="ntclibya_founding" />
 
On 10 March, [[France]] became the first country to recognise the council as Libya's only legitimate government.<ref name=BBC103>{{cite web |url=​http​https​://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12699183 |title=Libya: France recognises rebels as government |date=10 March 2011 |publisher=BBC News |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref>
 
===Formation of an executive board===
Hundreds of people gathered in [[Tripoli]]'s [[Martyrs' Square, Tripoli|Martyrs' Square]] with candles symbolizing reconciliation.<ref name=BBC88 /> The date of the transfer&mdash;20 Ramadan on the [[Islamic calendar]]&mdash;had also been selected for symbolic reasons, as 20 Ramadan the previous year had fallen on 20 August, the date that the rebels attacked Tripoli, leading to Gaddafi's flight.<ref name=R88>{{cite web |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/08/libya-handover-idUSL6E8J8DD320120808 |title=Libya's ruling council hands over power to new assembly |author1=Gumuchian, Marie-Louise |author2=Shuaib, Ali |lastauthoramp=yes |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=Reuters |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> As Jalil addressed the crowd, attendees chanted "Allahu Akbar!" or another phrase meaning "The blood of martyrs will not go wasted!"<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.cnn.com/2012/08/08/world/meast/libya-power-transition/ |title=Libya's transitional council hands over power |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=CNN |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref>
 
According to [[BBC News]], the transfer was "the first peaceful transition of power in Libya's modern history",<ref name=BBC88>{{cite web |url=​http​https​://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19183300 |title=Libya's NTC hands power to newly elected assembly |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=BBC News |accessdate=8 August 2012}}</ref> meaning the history since the end of the monarchy.
 
==Aims and objectives==
 
===Local government===
During the war, in opposition-held Benghazi, a 15-member "local committee"<ref>{{cite news |title=Libya's Second City, Benghazi, Learns To Govern Itself After Decades of Oppression | last= Schemm|first=Paul |agency= [[Associated Press]]|work=Guelph Mercury|url=http://www.guelphmercury.com/news/world/article/492603--libya-s-second-city-benghazi-learns-to-govern-itself-after-decades-of-oppression |date=24 February 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref> made up of lawyers, judges and respected local people was formed in order to provide civic administration and public services within the city.<ref name="BBC-Live-Lybia">{{cite news |url=​http​https​://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12307698 |title=BBC Libya Live Coverage|work=BBC |accessdate=4 March 2011}}</ref> Residents have organised to direct traffic and collect refuse. Many shops and businesses have opened again.<ref name="BBC-Live-Lybia"/> A newspaper<ref>{{cite web |title=First Edition of the Benghazi Newspaper | publisher = feb17.info | url=http://feb17.info/media/first-edition-of-the-benghazi-newspaper/ |date = 24 February 2011 | accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref> and two local radio stations were also established.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/ |title=Founding statement of the Interim Transitional National Council &#124; The Libyan Republic - The Interim Transitional National Council |publisher= National Transitional Council |accessdate= 10 March 2011}}</ref>
 
Similar "local committees" were formed in other cities controlled by opposition groups.<ref>{{cite web |author= Garcia-Navarro, Lourdes | url =https://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya | title = New Government Forms in Eastern Libya | publisher = [[NPR]] |date=23 February 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011}}</ref>
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