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Arab world (view source)
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===Early history===
{{further|Arabization}}
[[File:Great Mosque of Kairouan Panorama - Grande Mosquée de Kairouan Panorama.jpg|thumb|upright=1.45|right|The [[Mosque of Uqba|Great Mosque of Kairouan]] (also called the Mosque of Uqba), was founded in 670 by the Arab general and conqueror Uqba ibn Nafi.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=sm0BfUKwct0C&pg=PA248&dq=kairouan+oldest+mosques+arab+world#v=onepage&q&f=false |title=Hans Kung, ''Tracing the Way: Spiritual Dimensions of the World Religions'', éd. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2006, p. 248 |date=31 August 2006 |accessdate=17 October 2011|isbn=9780826494238 |last1=Kng |first1=Hans }}</ref> The [[Mosque of Uqba|Great Mosque of Kairouan]] is located in the historic city of [[Kairouan]] in [[Tunisia]].]]
 
The [[Arab people|Arabs]] historically originate as a [[Central Semitic languages|Central Semitic]] group in the [[Arabian peninsula]]. Their expansion beyond Arabia and the [[Syrian desert]] is due to the [[Muslim conquests]] of the 7th and 8th centuries. [[Mesopotamia]] (modern Iraq) was conquered in 633, [[Levant]] (modern Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon and tine) between 636 and 640 CE.
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