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====Hamath in the Bible====
The few [[Bible|Biblical]] reports state that Hamath was the capital of a [[Canaan]]ite kingdom ({{bibleref2|Genesis 10:18}}; {{bibleref2|2 Kings 23:33; 25:21}}), whose king congratulated [[King David]] on his victory over [[Hadadezer bar Rehob|Hadadezer]], king of [[Zobah]] ({{bibleref2|2 Samuel 8:9-11}}; {{bibleref2|1 Chronicles 18:9-11}}). In God's instructions to [[Moses]], Hamath is specified as part of the northern border of the land that will fall to the children of Israel as an inheritance when they enter the land of Canaan.<ref> ({{bibleref2|Numbers 34.1–9</ref>}}). [[Solomon]], it would seem, took possession of Hamath and its territory and built store cities.<ref> ({{bibleref2|1 Kings 4:21–24}}; {{bibleref2|2 Chronicles 8:4​</ref>​}}).​{{bibleref2|​1 Kings 8:65}} names the "entrance of Hamath", or [[Lebo-hamath|Lebo-Hamath]], as the northern border of Israel at the time of the dedication of the [[first temple]] in [[Jerusalem]]. The area was subsequently lost to the Syrians, but [[Jeroboam II]], king of [[Northern Kingdom of Israel|Israel]], is said to have "restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the [[Arabah]] (the [[Dead Sea]])".<ref>{{bibleverse|2|Kings|14:25|NKJV}}: [[NKJV]] translation; cf. [[NIV]] translation, which refers to the Dead Sea</ref>
 
Assyria's defeat of Hamath made a profound impression on [[Isaiah]].<ref> ({{bibleref2|Isaiah 10:9</ref>}}). The prophet [[Amos (prophet)|Amos]] also named the town "Hamath the Great".<ref> {{bibleref2|Amos 6:2</ref> Indeed, the name appears to stem from [[Phoenician language|Phoenician]] ''khamat'', "fort."<ref>Room, Adrian. ''Placenames of the World''. London: MacFarland and Company, Inc., 1997}}).</ref>
 
===Hellenistic and Roman history===
Arminden
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