National Transitional Council: Difference between revisions
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National Transitional Council (edit)
Revision as of 22:16, 19 October 2020
Task 17: replace deprecated: |last-author-amp= (2× replaced; usage: 2 of 4);
===Establishment of a national council===
{{History of Libya}}
A National Transitional Council was formed on 27 February to act as "the political face of the revolution".<ref>{{cite news|title=Anti-Gaddafi Figures Say Form National Council|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/27/libya-council-revolution-idUSWEB194120110227|publisher=Reuters|date=28 February 2011|author1=Abbas, Mohammed|author2=Blair, Edmund|​lastauthoramp​name-list-style​=​yes​amp​|accessdate=8 August 2012|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120918231150/http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/27/libya-council-revolution-idUSWEB194120110227|archive-date=18 September 2012|url-status=live}}</ref> Its spokesman, [[Abdul Hafiz Ghoga]], made clear at the launch press conference that the national council was not a provisional government and added that the newly formed council was not in contact with foreign governments and did not want them to intervene.<ref name="AJ-LybNatCons"/> He later clarified that an airstrike mandated by the United Nations would not be considered a foreign intervention.<ref>{{cite news |title=Libyan Rebels Said To Debate Seeking U.N. Airstrikes |url=https://nytimes.com/2011/03/02/world/africa/02libya.html |date=1 March 2011 |accessdate=5 March 2011 |work=[[The New York Times]] |first1=Kareem |last1=Fahim |first2=David D. |last2=Kirkpatrick |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110506215302/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/02/world/africa/02libya.html |archive-date=6 May 2011 |url-status=live }}</ref>
An Al Jazeera journalist in Benghazi reported that a fully fledged interim government would not be formed until Tripoli was under opposition control.<ref>Reported on Al-Jazeera English TV by Hoda Abdel-Hamid{{full citation needed|date=January 2012}}</ref> This contradicted Jalil's statement of the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments were later clarified by the council as Jalil's "personal views".
In a ceremony on 8 August 2012—held in the evening due to the daytime fast of [[Ramadan]]—the NTC formally transferred power to the General National Congress. Jalil stepped down as chairman, passing the position to the GNC's oldest member, [[Mohammed Ali Salim]].<ref name=BBC88 /> The NTC was then dissolved, while the GNC members took their oath of office, led by Salim.<ref name=R88 />
Hundreds of people gathered in [[Tripoli]]'s [[Martyrs' Square, Tripoli|Martyrs' Square]] with candles symbolizing reconciliation.<ref name=BBC88 /> The date of the transfer—20 Ramadan on the [[Islamic calendar]]—had also been selected for symbolic reasons, as 20 Ramadan the previous year had fallen on 20 August, the date that the rebels attacked Tripoli, leading to Gaddafi's flight.<ref name=R88>{{cite web |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/08/libya-handover-idUSL6E8J8DD320120808 |title=Libya's ruling council hands over power to new assembly |author1=Gumuchian, Marie-Louise |author2=Shuaib, Ali |​lastauthoramp​name-list-style​=​yes​amp |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=Reuters |accessdate=8 August 2012 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130508182836/http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/08/libya-handover-idUSL6E8J8DD320120808 |archive-date=8 May 2013 |url-status=live }}</ref> As Jalil addressed the crowd, attendees chanted "Allahu Akbar!" or another phrase meaning "The blood of martyrs will not go wasted!"<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.cnn.com/2012/08/08/world/meast/libya-power-transition/ |title=Libya's transitional council hands over power |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=CNN |accessdate=8 August 2012 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120810074335/http://www.cnn.com/2012/08/08/world/meast/libya-power-transition/ |archive-date=10 August 2012 |url-status=live }}</ref>
According to [[BBC News]], the transfer was "the first [[peaceful transition of power]] in Libya's modern history",<ref name=BBC88>{{cite web |url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19183300 |title=Libya's NTC hands power to newly elected assembly |date=8 August 2012 |publisher=BBC News |accessdate=8 August 2012 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120808192952/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19183300 |archive-date=8 August 2012 |url-status=live }}</ref> meaning the history since the end of the monarchy.
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