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===Iron Age===
The Fall of the Hittite Empire saw the Neo-Hittite/[[Arameans|Aramaean]] Hama attested as the capital of one of the prosperous [[Syro-Hittite states]] known from the [[Hebrew Bible]] as Hamath ([[Aramaic language|Aramaic]]: ''Ḥmt''; [[Hittite language|Hittite]]: ''Amatuwana'';<ref name="Hawkins, J.D 1975"/> {{lang-he|{{hebrew|חֲמָת}}}} ''Ḥəmåṯ''), which traded extensively, particularly with Israel and Judah.<ref>{{cite web​encyclopedia​|url=http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/7125-hamath |​work​encyclopedia​=Jewish Encyclopedia |title=Hamath |publisher=Jewishencyclopedia.com |accessdate=4 February 2013}}</ref>
 
====Assyrian inscriptions====
 
==Climate==
Its climate is classified as [[Semi-arid climate|semi-arid]] (BSk) in [[Köppen-Geiger climate classification system|Köppen-Geiger system]].<ref>{{cite journal|author=M. Kottek|author2=J. Grieser |author3=C. Beck |author4=B. Rudolf |author5=F. Rubel |title=World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated|journal=Meteorol. Z.|volume=15|pages=259–263|url=http://koeppen-geiger.vu-wien.ac.at/pics/kottek_et_al_2006.gif|doi=10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130|accessdate=1 August 2013|year=2006​|issue=3 }}</ref> Hama's inland location ensures that it receives no softening coastal influences and breezes from the [[Mediterranean Sea]]. As a result, the city has a much hotter and drier climate than nearby [[Homs]].
 
{{Weather box
{{Refbegin}}
*{{Catholic}} [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07120c.htm ]
*{{Citation|title=Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=3SapTk5iGDkC&​printsec=frontcover&dq​q​=Cities+of+the+Middle+East​#PPA156,M1​|first1=Michael|last1=Dumper|first2=Bruce E.|last2=Stanley|first3=Janet L.|last3=Abu-Lughod|publisher=ABC-CLIO|year=2007|isbn=9781576079195}}.
*{{Citation|title=Syria: An Outline History|first=John D.|last=Grainger|publisher=Pen and Sword|year=2016|isbn=9781473860834}}.
*{{Citation|title=The new Schaff-Herzog encyclopedia of religious knowledge: embracing Biblical, historical, doctrinal, and practical theology and Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical biography from the earliest times to the present day|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=amYAAAAAMAAJ&​pg=PA232&dq​q​=Hamah+Christian+population​&pg=PA232​|first1=Johann Jakob|last1=Herzog|first2=Phillip|last2=Schaff|year=1911|publisher=Funk and Wagnalls Company}}.
*{{Citation|title=A small town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries|isbn=9783906766904|first1=James|last1=Reilly|year=2002|publisher=P. Lang}}.
*{{Citation|title=International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=R44VRnNCzAYC|first1=Trudy|last1=Ring|first2=K.A.|last2=Berney|first3=Robert M.|last3=Salkin|first4=Sharon|last4=La Boda|first5=Noelle|last5=Watson|first6=Paul|last6=Schellinger|publisher=Routledge|year=1996|isbn=1-884964-03-6}}.
*{{Citation|title=Labour in the medieval Islamic world|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=Bzo0Skd1kcYC&​pg=PA65&dq​q​=Population+of+Egypt+Ayyubid​&pg=PA65​|first1=Maya|last1=Shatzmiller|publisher=BRILL|year=1994|isbn=9789004098961}}.
*{{Citation|title=Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=ENANAAAAIAAJ&​pg=PA493&dq​q​=Lajjun+Guy+le+Strange​&pg=PA493 |first1=Guy|last1=le Strange|year=1890|publisher=Committee of the [[Palestine Exploration Fund]]}}.
*{{Citation|title=Demographic developments and population policies in Baʻathist Syria|url=https://books.google.com/​books​?id=ki6yXV0qxw4C&​pg=PA71&dq​q​=Hama+Syria​&pg=PA71​|first=Onn|last=Winckler|publisher=[[Sussex Academic Press]]|year=1998|isbn=1-902210-16-6}}.
{{Refend}}
 
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