National Transitional Council: Difference between revisions
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National Transitional Council (edit)
Revision as of 17:59, 2 January 2021
Undid revision 997867548 by (talk)
|year_deputy1 = 2011
|year_deputy2 = 2011-2012
|era = 2011 Libyan revolutioncivil war
|event_start = Establishment
|date_start = 5 March
{{Politics of Libya}}
The '''National Transitional Council of Libya''' ({{lang-ar|المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي}} ''{{transl|ar|ALA-LC|al-[[majlis]] al-waṭanī al-intiqālī}}'' ), sometimes known as the '''Transitional National Council''',<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.wsws.org/articles/2011/jul2011/pers-j20.shtml|publisher=[[World Socialist Web Site]]|title=The US recognises Libya's Transitional National Council|date=20 July 2011|access-date=29 July 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110724153337/http://www.wsws.org/articles/2011/jul2011/pers-j20.shtml|archive-date=24 July 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> was the ''de facto'' government of [[Libya]] for a period during and after the [[Libyan revolutionCivil War (2011)|Libyan revolutionCivil War]], in which [[anti-Gaddafi forces|rebel forces]] overthrew the [[Libyan Arab Jamahiriya]] of [[Muammar Gaddafi]]. The '''NTC''' governed Libya for a period of ten months after the end of the war, holding [[2012 Libyan General National Congress election|elections]] to a [[General National Congress]] on 7 July 2012, and handing power to the newly elected assembly on 8 August.<ref>[https://www.boston.com/news/world/middle-east/2012/08/08/libya-transitional-rulers-hand-over-power/uMPkXd9vTSSHg589mU9ykJ/story.html Libya's transitional rulers hand over power] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121208121751/http://www.boston.com/news/world/middle-east/2012/08/08/libya-transitional-rulers-hand-over-power/uMPkXd9vTSSHg589mU9ykJ/story.html |date=8 December 2012 }}, ''Boston.com'', 8 August 2012.</ref>
The formation of the NTC was announced in the city of [[Benghazi]] on 27 February 2011 with the purpose to act as the "political face of the revolution". On 5 March 2011, the council issued a statement in which it declared itself to be the "only legitimate body representing the people of Libya and the Libyan state".<ref name="news.com.au">{{cite news |title=Ferocious Battles in Libya as National Council Meets for First Time |url=http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/ferocious-battles-in-libya-as-national-council-meets-for-first-time/story-e6frfku0-1226016536676 |date=6 March 2011 |access-date=6 March 2011 |publisher=[[NewsCore]] (via [[news.com.au]]) |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190822083631/https://www.news.com.au/world/ferocious-battles-in-libya-as-national-council-meets-for-first-time/news-story/77a9c3d6f7ffdb00ee111056a8447ac8 |archive-date=22 August 2019 |url-status=live }}</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">The Interim Transitional National Council Decree 3. 5 March 2011.</ref><ref name="ntclibya_founding" /> An executive board, chaired by [[Mahmoud Jibril]], was formed by the council on 23 March 2011 after being ''de facto'' assembled as an "executive team" since 5 March 2011. The NTC issued a [[Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration|Constitutional Declaration]] in August 2011 in which it set up a road-map for the transition of the country to a [[constitutional democracy]] with an elected government.
===Uprising and revolutioncivil war===
{{Main|2011 Libyan revolutioncivil war}}
After [[Arab Spring|popular movements]] overturned the rulers of [[Tunisian revolution|Tunisia]] and [[2011 Egyptian revolution|Egypt]], Libya's immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale [[uprising]] beginning in February 2011.<ref>{{cite web |url= http://blogs.aljazeera.net/middle-east/2011/02/17/live-blog-libya |title= Live Blog &nbsp;&ndash; Libya |publisher= [[Al Jazeera]] |date= 17 February 2011 |access-date= 23 February 2011 |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20110223072304/http://blogs.aljazeera.net/middle-east/2011/02/17/live-blog-libya |archive-date= 23 February 2011 |url-status= live }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://archive.libyafeb17.com/category/newsfeed/ |title=News &#124; Libya February 17th |publisher=Libyafeb17.com |access-date=23 February 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121030012821/http://archive.libyafeb17.com/category/newsfeed/ |archive-date=30 October 2012 |url-status=dead }}</ref> By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. Much of Libya had slipped out of Gaddafi's control, falling to anti-Gaddafi forces. [[Cyrenaica|Eastern Libya]], centered around the second largest city and vital port of Benghazi, was firmly under the control of the opposition. The opposition began to organise themselves into a functioning government.<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/02/25/world/middleeast/map-of-how-the-protests-unfolded-in-libya.html|work=[[The New York Times]]|title=Map of How the Protests Unfolded in Libya|date=25 February 2011|access-date=26 February 2011|author1=Burgess, Joe|author2=Fahim, Kareem|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110228085818/http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/02/25/world/middleeast/map-of-how-the-protests-unfolded-in-libya.html|archive-date=28 February 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Anti-Gaddafi forces marched on [[Sirte]] ([[Muammar Gaddafi|Gaddafi]]'s hometown) on 28 September 2011. [[Armed forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|Gaddafi loyalists]] delayed the attack with the use of their snipers. The [[Battle of Sirte (2011)|fight for Sirte]] ended on 20 October with the capture of the town and the death of Colonel Gaddafi.<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15389550|publisher=[[BBC News]]|title=Libya's Col Muammar Gaddafi killed, says NTC|date=20 October 2011|access-date=20 October 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111020145228/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15389550|archive-date=20 October 2011|url-status=live}}</ref>
====Members (October 2011)====
A new cabinet was unveiled in early October 2011, though not all of its members were announced at once. Individuals confirmed to be part of the new board included<ref>{{cite news|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011102181154543584.html|publisher=Al Jazeera|title=New cabinet takes shape in Libya|date=2 October 2011|access-date=2 October 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111002231518/http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/10/2011102181154543584.html|archive-date=2 October 2011|url-status=live}}</ref> Mahmoud Jibril as prime minister, [[Ali Tarhouni]] as deputy prime minister, and [[Jalal al-Digheily]] as defence minister. On 23 October, Jibril resigned as Mustafa Abdul Jalil declared an end to the Libyan revolutioncivil war,<ref name="declib">{{cite news|url=http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/f459749a-fd86-11e0-a9db-00144feabdc0.html?ftcamp=rss#axzz1bdQwjJL8|title=Libya declares liberation after Gaddafi's death|date=23 October 2011|access-date=23 October 2011|first=Borzou|last=Daragahi|work=Financial Times}}</ref> and [[Abdurrahim El-Keib]] succeeded him as prime minister on 31 October.<ref name="LibyaTVARaK"/>
The executive board was dissolved on 22 November 2011 as per the Interim constitution which stated that the Executive board must be dissolved upon the formation of the Interim Government.{{citation needed|date=August 2012}}
{{Legend|#000080|Countries that recognised the NTC as the sole legitimate representative of Libya during the revolutioncivil war}}
{{Legend|#5599FF|Countries that have yet to formally recognise the NTC, but voted in favor of it to take Libya's UN seat}}
{{Legend|#C10000|Countries that formally opposed recognition of the NTC at the UN}}
{{Libyan institutional transition}}
{{Arab Spring}}
{{Libyan revolutioncivil war}}
[[Category:Government of Libya]]
[[Category:Members of the National Transitional Council| ]]
[[Category:Libyan revolutionCivil War (2011)]]
[[Category:2011 establishments in Libya]]
[[Category:Organizations of the Arab Spring]]
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