A special law
is a type of legislation.
A special law must be adopted by both the Chamber of Representatives
and the Senate
in accordance with Article 4, last paragraph, of the Belgian Constitution
, which provides that a special law requires a majority
of votes cast in both the Dutch
-speaking and the French
-speaking language group, on the condition that an absolute majority of the members of each language group is present, and the total number of votes in favour in both language groups must constitute a supermajority
of two-thirds of the total number of votes cast.
In Canada, in the event of strike action
(s) and/or lockouts, federal or provincial governments can enact "Back-to-work legislation", a special law, which blocks the strike action and/or lockout from continuing. It can also impose binding arbitration
or a new contract on the disputing parties. Such legislation was enacted during the 2011 Canada Post
strike and the 2012 CP Rail
strike, thus effectively ending these strikes as legal actions. On the provincial level, similar acts can be passed for other purposes; the National Assembly of Quebec enacted Act 78
in 2012 in order to quell a series of student protests
The concept of organic law
is similar to the Belgian case.
The law stating how the Parliament
functions can only be changed by a qualified majority.
Last edited on 7 December 2018, at 03:52
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