Springer Science+Business Media
This article is about the German academic publisher. For the American academic publisher, see Springer Publishing
. For the German digital publishing house, see Axel Springer SE
Springer Science+Business Media
, commonly known as Springer
, is a German multinational publishing
company of books, e-books
and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Springer Science+Business Media
in Berlin in 1842 and his son Ferdinand Springer grew it from a small firm of 4 employees into Germany's then second largest academic publisher with 65 staff in 1872.
In 1964, Springer expanded its business internationally, opening an office in New York City. Offices in Tokyo, Paris, Milan, Hong Kong, and Delhi soon[when?]
In 1999, the academic publishing company BertelsmannSpringer
was formed after media and entertainment company Bertelsmann
bought a majority stake in Springer-Verlag.
In 2003, the British investment groups Cinven
bought BertelsmannSpringer from Bertelsmann .
They merged the company in 2004 with the Dutch
publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers
which they bought from Wolters Kluwer
to form Springer Science+Business Media.
In 2011, Springer acquired Pharma Marketing and Publishing Services (MPS) from Wolters Kluwer.
In 2013, the London-based private equity firm BC Partners
acquired a majority stake in Springer from EQT and GIC for $4.4 billion.
In 1996, Springer launched electronic book and journal content on its SpringerLink site.
In 2008, SpringerImages was launched and offers a collection of currently 1.8 million images spanning science, technology, and medicine.
In 2009, SpringerMaterials was launched and is a platform for accessing the Landolt-Börnstein
database of research and information on materials and their properties.
AuthorMapper is a free online tool for visualizing scientific research that enables document discovery based on author locations and geographic maps, helping users explore patterns in scientific research, identify literature trends, discover collaborative relationships, and locate experts in several scientific/medical fields.
contained a collection of laboratory protocols, recipes that provide step-by-step instructions for conducting experiments, which in 2018 was made available in SpringerLink instead.
AS of 2014 Springer hosts a number of scientific databases, including SpringerLink, and SpringerImages. Book publications include major reference works, textbooks, monographs and book series; more than 168,000 titles are available as e-books in 24 subject collections.
Springer is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
For some of its journals, Springer does not require its authors to transfer their copyrights, and allows them to decide whether their articles are published under an open-access
licence or in the traditional restricted licence model.
While open-access publishing typically requires the author to pay a fee for copyright retention, this fee is sometimes covered by a third party. For example, a national institution in Poland allows authors to publish in open-access journals without incurring any personal cost but using public funds.
In 2014, it was revealed that sixteen papers in conference proceedings published by Springer had been computer-generated using SCIgen
. Springer subsequently retracted all papers from these proceedings. IEEE
had removed more than 100 fake papers from its conference proceedings.
In 2015, Springer retracted
64 papers from 10 of its journals it had published after a fraudulent peer review
process could be proven.
Manipulation of bibliometrics
- ^ "648808Z Profile & Executives - Springer Science+Business Media GmbH - Bloomberg". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- ^ a b "The Springer story (1842-2017)". springer.com. Transition and restructuring (1999-2007). Retrieved 13 June 2021.
- ^ "Chronology". Springer Science+Business Media.
- ^ a b Poynder, Richard. "BertelsmannSpringer is Sold to Private Equity Firms". Information Today. May 27, 2003.
- ^ "Kluwer Academic Publishers Sold to Venture Capitalists". Infotoday.com. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- ^ "Springer's Humana Press launches new Web site". Press releases. Springer-Verlag. 20 February 2008. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- ^ "Springer to acquire BioMed Central Group". Press releases. Springer-Verlag. 7 October 2008. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- ^ "Springer to acquire Pharma Marketing and Publishing Services from Wolters Kluwer" (Press release). Springer. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2018.[self-published source]
- ^ DiStefano, Joseph N. (September 17, 2013). "Medical publisher to close Ambler office, move workers". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A14. Retrieved June 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com (Publisher Extra).
- ^ Heiskanen, Ville (2013-06-19). "BC Partners to Buy Springer Science for $4.4 Billion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- ^ "Holtzbrinck Publishing Group and BC Partners Announce Agreement to Merge Majority of MacMillan Science and Education with Springer Science+Business Media", 15 January 2015.
- ^ Caroline Carpenter (May 6, 2015). "Completed merger forms 'Springer Nature'". The Bookseller. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- ^ "Happy Birthday, SpringerLink!". Press releases. Springer. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- ^ "SpringerProtocols.com platform deactivation". Springer Nature. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- ^ "Search Results (within Book)". SpringerLink. Springer. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- ^ "Springer Nature". Member Record. OASPA. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- ^ "Springer Open Choice". Springer.com. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- ^ "Springer Open Choice for Polish Institutions". Springer.com. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- ^ Noorden, Richard Van (24 February 2014). "Publishers withdraw more than 120 gibberish papers". Nature News. doi:10.1038/nature.2014.14763. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- ^ Kaplan, Sarah (August 18, 2015). "Major publisher retracts 64 scientific papers in fake peer review outbreak". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- ^ McKiernan, Erin C.; Schimanski, Lesley A.; Muñoz Nieves, Carol; Matthias, Lisa; Niles, Meredith T.; Alperin, Juan Pablo (2019-04-09). "Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations". eLife. 8. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27638v2. PMC 6668985. PMID 31364991.
- ^ Oransky, Ivan (2020-06-29). "Major indexing service sounds alarm on self-citations by nearly 50 journals". Retrieved 2020-07-01.
- ^ Brochu, Nicole (24 December 2012). "Injection shown to reverse stroke, brain injuries". Health. Albuquerque Journal. Albuquerque, New Mexico. p. C4. Retrieved 23 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com (Publisher Extra). ...an article produced by Adis' parent company, Springer Science+Business Media.
- ^ Springer Praxis Books. Springer Science+Business Media. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
Last edited on 13 June 2021, at 17:25
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