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Strand Bookstore
The Strand Bookstore is an independent bookstore located at 828 Broadway, at the corner of East 12th Street in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, two blocks south of Union Square.[1][2] In addition to the main location, there is another store on the Upper West Side on Columbus Ave between West 81st and 82nd Streets,[3] as well as kiosks in Central Park and Times Square. The company's slogan is "18 Miles Of Books," as featured on its stickers, T-shirts, and other merchandise. In 2016, The New York Times called The Strand "the undisputed king of the city’s independent bookstores."[4]
Strand Bookstore
IndustryBookseller
Founded1927
FounderBenjamin Bass
HeadquartersNew York City, United States
Number of locations
2 stores, 2 kiosks, 1 pop-up
Area served
New York metropolitan area
ProductsNew, used and rare books
OwnerNancy Bass Wyden
Number of employees
238
Website
www.strandbooks.com
Description
The Strand is a family-owned business with more than 230 employees.[5] Many notable New York City artists have worked at the store, including rock musicians of the 1970s: Patti Smith – who claimed not to have liked the experience because it "wasn't very friendly"[6] – and Tom Verlaine,[7] who was fond of the discount book carts sitting outside the store.[8] Other celebrity employees include Richard Hell,[7] Neil Winokur, Adam Bellow,[9] Sam Shephard, Mary Gaitskill, Burt Britton, Luc Sante, Marvin Mondlin, Ken Schles, and Thomas Weatherly Jr.
The Strand has had a unionized workforce for over 35 years.[10] On April 5, 2012, unionized workers at the store rejected a new contract;[11] on June 15, 2012, workers ratified a new contract.[12]
Besides the main store and Central Park kiosk, an additional location called the "Strand Book Annex" opened in the 1980s and was originally located on Front Street in the South Street Seaport complex. It moved in 1996 to Fulton and Gold Streets in the Financial District, but finally closed on September 22, 2008 due to rent increases.[13] A branch in the Flatiron District opened in 2013, and a summer kiosk in Times Square opened in 2016.[14] In 2020 The Strand's planned opening of its Upper West Side location was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[15]
The Strand's basement holds its collection of review copies of recently published books
In 2005, the main store underwent a major renovation and expansion, with the addition of an elevator, air conditioning, and a re-organization of the floors to make browsing easier for shoppers. It also began to sell discounted new books and non-book merchandise.[14]
The bookstore had 70,000 books in its early years, which increased by the mid-1960s to 500,000. By the 1990s it had 2.5 million books, which necessitated the renting of a warehouse in Sunset Park, Brooklyn. At that time, the oldest book for sale in the Strand was an edition of Magna Moralia, which was priced at $4,500. The most expensive book is a copy of James Joyce's Ulysses at $38,000.[16] While the store continues to boast the slogan, "18 miles of books," they now house over "23 miles" of books.[17]
History
Benjamin Bass was an emigrant from Lithuania who came to the United States when he was 17. He worked as a messenger, salesman and subway construction worker before he came across the used-book district on Fourth Avenue between Astor Place and Union Square.[18] His first bookstore was the Pelican Book Shop on Eighth Street near Greene Street. However, the store was not a success, and Bass[14] next opened the Strand – named after the street in London[16] – in 1927 with $300 in his own savings and $300 he borrowed; early on, he slept on a cot in the store.[14] The new store was able to survive the Depression by use of Bass's extensive network of contacts. Furthermore, his landlord was the last of the city's noted Stuyvesant family, and he carried the store through its lean years when Bass could not pay his rent; Bass later paid back the debt, and agreed to a schedule of voluntary rent increases during rent controls which were instituted with World War II. After rent controls ended, the Stuyvesant interests doubled the rents on their other properties, but not on the Strand.[18]
Fred Bass in 2013
The Strand was then located on Fourth Avenue, which had at the time 48 bookstores, in what was known as "Book Row", which was established as early as 1890.[4] These started to disappear around the 1930s due to the Great Depression and again in the 1950s, due to rent increases.[16]
Benjamin Bass died in 1978.[18]
Bass's son Fred – who started working in the store on weekends when he was 13 years old[14] – took over the business in 1956 and the next year moved the store to the present location at the corner of East 12th Street and Broadway.[4][14] The store expanded to the entire first floor of the building, and then first three floors in the 1970s.[14] In 1996 Bass bought the building at East 12th Street and Broadway for $8.2 million, by which time the Strand was the largest used bookstore in the world.[19][14] The store now occupies three and a half floors, with another one and half floors for offices.[4][16]
Strand also has two kiosks, one in Times Square and one in Central Park, and has a pop-up location in the Artists & Fleas market in Soho. They also participate in seasonal holiday markets in Union Square, Bryant Park, and Columbus Circle.[3]
Bass's daughter Nancy Bass Wyden, the current owner of the Strand, began helping in the store at age 6, sharpening pencils for staff.[20] At 16, she began taking phone requests, working the cash register, and managing the store's Central Park kiosks.[21] After receiving her MBA from the University of Wisconsin and working briefly for Exxon, she returned to New York City to work for her father at The Strand.[14] Wyden officially joined The Strand as a manager in 1986. She established the store's Books by the Foot department, curating custom book collections and private libraries.[22] She spearheaded major renovations and expansions of the store in 2005, and supervised the rollout of The Strand's official bookish merchandise, including t-shirts and totes, which now account for over 15% of the business's revenue.[23]
Wyden become the co-owner of the store on her father's retirement in November 2017. With her father's death in January 2018, she is now the sole owner.[14]
Wyden is married to United States Senator for Oregon, Ron Wyden,[24] whom she met while on a trip to Portland to see Powell's Books.[25]
Fight against landmarking
In December 2018, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission held a hearing on the topic of designating The Strand as a city landmark.[26] Owner Nancy Bass Wyden objected and campaigned heavily against the designation, citing regulatory barriers to proposed renovations and increased costs of running the business as obstacles to running her independent business; she also contrasted the treatment of her store to the reception of Amazon HQ2 in New York, saying "I’m not asking for money or a tax rebate, just leave me alone."[5][27][28] The commission voted to landmark the building on June 11, stating that it had "lost very few buildings" to mismanagement.​[29]​[30] The landmarking can be appealed to the New York City Council.
2020 controversies
In March 2020, the Strand laid off most of its employees due to the COVID-19 pandemic,[31] though in April it received a Paycheck Protection Program loan between $1 and $2 million intended to help maintain 212 jobs of which 188 had already been eliminated.[32] Less than two dozen union jobs were restored.[33] In July 2020, the Strand laid off 12 recently rehired employees,[34]
On July 15, 2020, the Strand opened a new location on the Upper West Side, replacing Book Culture.[35][36]
On October 23, 2020, Bass Wyden released a statement on Twitter saying the Strand was in danger of closing.[37][38] This plea for help, issued on a Friday, drew enormous sales in the following days, with 25,000 online orders placed over the following weekend.[39] However, it also drew criticism from those who had followed the ongoing labor issues at the store.[33]
Bass Wyden also drew criticism for purchasing $115,000 in Amazon stock in April and May, and then $60,000 to $200,000 of the stock in June,[40] after having previously characterized the company as a threat to the Strand's survival.[32]
In popular culture
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See also
References
  1. ^ "Strand History" Archived 2020-03-30 at the Wayback Machine on the Strand Bookstore website
  2. ^ Leopold, Todd (September 12, 2011) "The death and life of a great American bookstore", CNN
  3. ^ a b "Hours & Locations" on the Strand Book Store website
  4. ^ a b c d Correal, Annie (July 15, 2016) "Want to Work in 18 Miles of Books? First, the Quiz" The New York Times
  5. ^ a b Kilgannon, Corey (December 3, 2018). "Declare the Strand Bookstore a City Landmark? No Thanks, the Strand Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  6. ^ Milzoff, Rebecca (November 27, 2005) "Patti Smith Discusses Her Influences" New York
  7. ^ a b Mengaziol, Peter (November 1981) "Tom Verlaine Plays with the Focus", Guitar World
  8. ^ Kim, Jane (ndg) Television on Print: "A literary conversation with Tom Verlaine", Dusted
  9. ^ Zoepf, Katherine (December 17, 2003) "Reading Room - In defense of nepotism"
  10. ^ Staff (March 16, 2012) "At the Strand Bookstore, a Retail Labor Struggle in the Age of Amazon and Occupy" Metrofocus (WNET)
  11. ^ Samuelson, Tracey (April 5, 2012) "Strand Bookstore Workers Reject Contract" Archived 2013-04-24 at the Wayback Machine WNYC blog
  12. ^ Krauthamer, Diane (July 18, 2012) "In New York Bookstore Contract Fight, Occupy Helped Workers Draw Energy, Media Spotlight "Truthout
  13. ^ Woodman, James S. (June 27, 2008) "Stranded by construction, book store will close its doors"Downtown Express
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Grimes, William (January 3, 2018) "Fred Bass, Who Made the Strand Bookstore a Mecca, Dies at 89" The New York Times
  15. ^ Quinn, Anna (April 27, 2020) "Strand Bookstore Finds A Way To Sell Online Amid Coronavirus"Patch.com
  16. ^ a b c d Wolfe, Jonathan (June 27, 2017) "New York Today: Celebrating the Strand" The New York Times
  17. ^ Capewell, Jillian (November 28, 2017). "How A 90-Year-Old Bookstore Got Into The Business Of Totes". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
  18. ^ a b c Thomas, Robert Mcg. Jr. (August 2, 1978). "Benjamin Bass, 77, Was Founder Of the Strand Used‐Book Store". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  19. ^ Hagerty, James (January 19, 2018). "Owner of New York's Strand Turned Struggling Book Store Into a Literary Landmark". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  20. ^ "The Author's Bookshelf: The Bass Family". strandbooks.com. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  21. ^ Staff (July 31, 2011). "In my library: Nancy Bass Wyden". New York Post. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  22. ^ Staff (June 26, 2017). "The Strand bookstore at 90: Co-owner Nancy Bass Wyden looks back – and ahead". AM New York Metro. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  23. ^ Noto, Anthony (February 20, 2019). "The Strand bookstore fights landmark status as it battles for survival". New York Business Journal. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  24. ^ Maffucci, Samantha (December 5, 2018). "Who is Ron Wyden's Wife? New Details on Nancy Bass Wyden". yourtango.com. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  25. ^ Staff (July 13, 2005). "Satisfied Powell's Customer: Bass to Wed Senator". Shelf Awareness. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  26. ^ Kimmelmann, Michael. "The Battle to Make the Strand a Landmark Is About More Than a Building". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  27. ^ Epstein, Jim; Gillespie, Nick (January 4, 2019). "Leave the Strand Alone! Iconic Bookstore Owner Pleads With NYC: Don't Landmark My Property". Reason.com. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  28. ^ Wyden, Nancy Bass (January 8, 2019). "Who gets hurt when cities kowtow to Amazon". CNN. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  29. ^ Staff (June 11, 2019). "Strand bookstore designated NYC landmark despite owner's objection". NBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  30. ^ Ricciulli, Valeria (June 11, 2019). "Strand Bookstore, six other Broadway buildings are now NYC landmarks". Curbed. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  31. ^ WABC (2020-03-24). "Coronavirus News: Strand Bookstore lays off most of staff amid COVID-19 crisis, seeks to be declared essential business". ABC7 New York. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  32. ^ a b O’Connor, Brendan (2020-09-11). "Hanging by a Strand". The Baffler. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  33. ^ a b Adams, Sam (2020-10-27). "The Strand Shouldn't Have to Beg Us Not to Die". Slate. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  34. ^ staff/ben-yakas (2020-07-13). "The Strand Lays Off Some Recently Rehired Employees As It Prepares To Open UWS Location". Gothamist. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  35. ^ West Sider (July 9, 2020) "The Strand on Columbus Avenue to Open Next Week" West Side Rag
  36. ^ Telman, Nigel (February 6, 2020) "Strand bookstore replaces Book Culture at former Columbus Ave. location" Columbia Spectator
  37. ^​https://mobile.twitter.com/strandbookstore/status/1319686649798905856/photo/2
  38. ^ "'We cannot survive': New York's Strand bookstore appeals for help". the Guardian. 2020-10-24. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  39. ^ Bogage, Jacob. "When New York's Strand Bookstores asked for help, 25,000 online orders flooded in". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  40. ^ Lin, Ed (July 7, 2020) "Owner of New York’s Strand Bookstore Buys More Amazon Stock"Barron's
  41. ^ Viernere, James (March 12, 2010) "Robert Pattinson’s romantic tale an affair to 'Remember'" Boston Herald
  42. ^ Lane, Anthony. "The Generational Anxieties of "The Truth"". The New Yorker. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
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Last edited on 24 March 2021, at 08:53
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