) is a predominantly suburban county
and is the easternmost county in the U.S. state
of New York
. According to the 2010 U.S. census
, the county's population was 1,493,350, estimated to have decreased slightly to 1,476,601 in 2019,
making it the fourth-most populous county in New York State, after New York City
. Its county seat
though most county offices are in Hauppauge
The county was named after the county of Suffolk
in England, from where its earliest European settlers came.
Interactive map of Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County incorporates the easternmost extreme of the New York City metropolitan area
. The largest of Long Island's
four counties and the second-largest of 62 counties in New York State
, Suffolk measures 86 miles (138 km) in length and 26 miles (42 km) in width at its widest (including water).
Most of the island is near sea level, with over 1,000 miles of coastline.
This makes the county particularly vulnerable to climate change
caused sea level rise
Sign referring to Suffolk County being founded in 1683
According to the Suffolk County website, the county is the leading agricultural county in the state of New York, saying that: "The weather is temperate, clean water is abundant, and the soil is so good that Suffolk is the leading agricultural county in New York State. That Suffolk is still number one in farming, even with the development that has taken place, is a tribute to thoughtful planning, along with the excellent soil, favorable weather conditions, and the work of the dedicated farmers in this region."
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has an area of 2,373 square miles (6,150 km2
), of which 912 square miles (2,360 km2
) is land and 1,461 square miles (3,780 km2
) (62%) is water.
It is the second-largest county in New York by total area and occupies 66% of the land area of Long Island.
Suffolk County occupies the central and eastern part of Long Island, in the extreme east of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas
, known as the North Fork
and the South Fork
. The county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean
and Long Island Sound
, with 980 miles (1,580 km) of coastline. The eastern end contains large bays
The highest elevation in the county, and on Long Island as a whole, is Jayne's Hill
in West Hills
, at 401 feet (122 m) above sea level. This low lying-geography means that much of the county is vulnerable to sea level rise
Suffolk County sits at the convergence of climate zones including the humid continental
), humid subtropical
), and oceanic
). Most of the county by land area is in the Dfa
zone. Summers are cooler at the east end
than in the western part of the county. The hardiness zone
is 7a, except in Copiague Harbor, Lindenhurst, and Montauk, where it is 7b. Average monthly temperatures in Hauppauge range from 31.0 °F (−0.6 °C) in January to 74.0 °F (23.3 °C) in July, and in the Riverhead town center they range from 30.1 °F (−1.1 °C) in January to 72.8 °F (22.7 °C) in July, which includes both daytime and nighttime temperatures. PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State U
On February 9, 2013, Suffolk County was besieged with 30 inches of snow, making it the largest day of snowfall on record in Suffolk.
National protected areas
View of western Fire Island from the top of Fire Island Lighthouse
According to the 2010 U.S. census
there were 1,493,350 people and 569,985 households residing in the county. The census estimated Suffolk County's population decreased slightly to 1,481,093 in 2018, representing 7.5% of the census-estimated New York State population of 19,745,289
and 19.0% of the census-estimated Long Island population of 7,869,820.
The population density
in 2010 was 1,637 people per square mile (633/km2
), with 569,985 households at an average density of 625 per square mile (242/km2
). However, by 2012, with an estimated total population increasing moderately to 1,499,273 there were 569,359 housing units.
As of 2006, Suffolk County was the 21st-most populous county in the United States
By 2014, the county's racial makeup was estimated at 85.2% White
, 8.3% African American
, 0.6% Native American
, 4.0% Asian
, 0.1% Pacific Islander
, and 1.8% from two or more races
. Those identifying as Hispanic
, of any race, were 18.2% of the population. Those who identified as "white alone", not being of Hispanic or Latino origin, represented 69.3% of the population.
In 2006, the county's racial or ethnic makeup was 83.6% White (75.4% White Non-Hispanic). African Americans were 7.4% of the population. Asians stood at 3.4% of the population. 5.4% were of other or mixed race. Latinos were 13.0% of the population.
In 2007, Suffolk County's most common ethnicities were Italian
(24.0%), and German
In 2002, The New York Times
cited a study by the non-profit group ERASE Racism, which determined Suffolk and its neighboring county, Nassau, to be the most racially segregated suburbs in the United States.
In 2006, there were 469,299 households, of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples
living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.
In 2008, Forbes
magazine released its American Community Survey and named Suffolk County number 4 in its list of the top 25 richest counties in America. In 2016, according to Business Insider
, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack
, within Southampton
, was listed as the most expensive in the U.S., with a median home sale price of $8.5 million.
The median income for a household in the county was $84,767,
and the median income for a family was $72,112. Males had a median income of $50,046 versus $33,281 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $26,577. Using a weighted average from 2009 to 2014 about 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line
In earlier censuses, the population below the poverty line included 2.70% of those under age 18 and 2.30% of those age 65 or over.
, ethnicity, and religious groups on Long Island
compared to state and nation
Law and government
United States presidential election results for Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County had long been a Republican
bastion in New York State
. U.S. Congressman Rick Lazio
, who opposed Hillary Clinton
in the 2000 Senate race, was from Suffolk County. However, recent elections have turned the county more toward the Democrats
. In 2003, Democrat Steve Levy
was elected county executive, ending longtime Republican control. In 2001, Democrat Thomas Spota was elected District Attorney, and ran unopposed in 2005. Although Suffolk voters gave George H. W. Bush
a victory here in 1992, the county voted for Bill Clinton
in 1996 and continued the trend by giving Al Gore
an 11-percent victory in the county in 2000. 2004 Democratic candidate John Kerry
won by a much smaller margin of one percent, in 2008 Democratic candidate Barack Obama
won by a slightly larger 4.4 percent margin, 52%-47%. In 2016, Republican candidate Donald Trump
won Suffolk County by a 6.9 percent margin after absentees, marking the largest margin of victory for the Republicans since 1988. It was the only large county (over 200,000 voters) in New York State that Donald Trump won.
In 2020, Trump again won Suffolk County; this time, however, it was decided by just 232 votes out of nearly 800,000 votes cast, making it among the closest counties in the nation, and representing nearly a 7-point swing towards the Democratic ticket of former Vice President Joe Biden
and junior California senator Kamala Harris
. In percentage terms, it was the closest county in the state, although Ontario County
and Warren County
had narrower raw vote margins of just 39 and 57 votes, respectively. Suffolk was one of five counties in the state that Trump won by less than 500 votes. With Tarrant County, Texas
and Maricopa County, Arizona
flipping Democratic in 2020, Suffolk was the most populous county in the nation to vote for Trump.
Map showing Long Island congressional districts 1, 2, and 3 after redistricting in 2012. Portions in red are within Suffolk County.
As a whole both Suffolk and Nassau counties are considered swing counties. However, until 2016 they tended not to receive significant attention from presidential candidates, as the state of New York has turned reliably Democratic at the national level. In 2008 and 2012, Hofstra University
in Nassau County
hosted a presidential debate. Hofstra hosted the first debate of the 2016 presidential election season, on September 26, 2016, making Hofstra the first college or university in the United States to host a presidential debate in three consecutive elections. The presence on the 2016 ticket of Westchester County resident Hillary Clinton and Manhattan resident Donald Trump resulted in greater attention by the candidates to the concerns of Long Island. Trump visited Long Island voters and donors at least 4 times while Hillary made 1 stop for voters and 1 additional stop in the Hamptons for donors.
Suffolk County Executives
H. Lee Dennison County Executive Building in Hauppauge
Suffolk County Executives
* Appointed to complete Cohalan's term
** Levy was originally elected as a Democrat, but became a Republican in 2010.
Suffolk County Legislature
Republicans controlled the county legislature until a landmark election in November 2005 where three Republican seats switched to the Democrats, giving them control. In November 2007, the Democratic Party once again retained control over the Suffolk County Legislature, picking up one seat in the process. In November 2009, the Republican Party regained the seat lost in 2007 but remained in the minority for the 2010-2011 session. In November 2011, the Democratic Party maintained control over the Suffolk County Legislature picking up one seat that had been held by an Independence Party member. In November 2013, the Republican Party gained the 14th district seat, but remains in the minority.
As of the 2020-2021 session, 7th district legislator Robert Calarco serves as Presiding Officer, a position he was elected to in 2020, 5th district legislator Kara serves as Deputy Presiding Officer. 18th district legislator William Spencer served as Majority Leader for the Democrats until his arrest for soliciting prostitution in a drugs for sex scandal Presiding Officer Calarco now holds the title. 10th district legislator Tom Cilmi is Minority Leader having assumed the office in 2019.
Police services in the five western towns (Babylon
) are provided primarily by the Suffolk County Police Department
. The five "East End" towns (Riverhead
, Shelter Island
, East Hampton
, and Southampton
), maintain their own police and other law enforcement agencies. Also, there are a number of villages, such as Amityville
, Lloyd Harbor
, and Westhampton Beach
that maintain their own police forces. In an unusual move, the Village of Greenport
in 1994 voted to abolish its police department and turn responsibility for law and order over to the Southold
Town Police Department.
Suffolk Police boat on Fire Island
The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office
is a separate agency. The sheriff, an elected official who serves a four-year term, operates the two Suffolk County correctional facilities (in Yaphank
), provides county courthouse security and detention, service and enforcement of civil papers, evictions and warrants. The Sheriff's Office is also responsible for securing all county-owned property, such as county government office buildings, as well as the campuses of the Suffolk County Community College
. As of 2008, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Office employed 275 Deputy Sheriffs, 850 corrections officers, and about 200 civilian staff.
Suffolk County has a long maritime history with several outer barrier
beaches and hundreds of square miles of waterways
. The Suffolk Police Marine Bureau patrols the 500 square miles (1,000 km2
) of navigable waterways within the police district, from the Connecticut
and Rhode Island
state line which bisects Long Island Sound
to the New York
state line 3 miles (5 km) south of Fire Island in the Atlantic Ocean
. Some Suffolk County towns (Islip, Brookhaven, Southampton, East Hampton, Babylon, Huntington, Smithtown) also employ various bay constables and other local marine patrol, which are sworn armed peace officers with full arrest powers, providing back up to the Suffolk Police Marine Bureau as well as the United States Coast Guard
This includes Fire Island
and parts of Jones Island
barrier beaches and the islands of the Great South Bay
. Marine units also respond to water and ice rescues on the inland lakes, ponds, and streams of the District.
In February 2019, legislator Robert Trotta (R-Fort Salonga
) put forward a resolution to recover salary and benefits from James Burke, the county's former police chief.
Burke had pled guilty to beating a man while in police custody and attempting to conceal it, and the county had paid the victim $1.5 million in a settlement; it had also paid Burke more than $500,000 in benefits and salary while Burke was concealing his conduct.
Trotta said that the faithless servant
doctrine in New York common law gave him the power to claw back
The Suffolk County Legislature supported the suit unanimously.
The following month Suffolk County Executive Steve Bellone
signed the bill.
Cohalan Court Complex, Central Islip
Suffolk County is part of the 10th Judicial District of the New York State Unified Court System
; is home to the Alfonse M. D'Amato Courthouse
of the Federal U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York;
and has various local municipal courts. The State Courts are divided into Supreme Court, which has general jurisdiction over all cases, and lower courts that either hear claims of a limited dollar amount, or of a specific nature.
Similarly, the local courts hear claims of a limited dollar amount, or hear specific types of cases. The Federal Court has jurisdiction over Federal Claims, State Law claims that are joined with Federal claims, and claims where there is a diversity of citizenship.
- The Suffolk County Supreme Court is a trial court of unlimited general original jurisdiction, but it generally only hears cases that are outside the subject-matter jurisdiction of other trial courts of more limited jurisdiction. The Suffolk County Clerk is the Clerk of the Court of the Supreme Court.
- The main courthouse for the Supreme Court is in Riverhead, which has been the court's home since 1729. The original courthouse was replaced in 1855, and that courthouse was expanded in 1881. The courthouse was damaged by fire and rebuilt in 1929. In 1994, a new court building was added to the complex. This Courthouse was dedicated as the "Alan D. Oshrin Supreme Court Building" on August 1, 2011.
- The Supreme Court also shares space in the Cohalan Court Complex in Central Islip with several other courts and county agencies. Matrimonial actions are heard in the Supreme Court, and those matters are generally heard in the Supreme Court section of the Cohalan Court Complex.
Other Superior Courts
- The Suffolk County Court is a trial court of limited jurisdiction. It has jurisdiction over all of Suffolk County, and is authorized to handle criminal prosecutions of both felonies and lesser offenses committed within the county, although in practice most minor offenses are handled by the local courts. It is the trial court for felonies, or where a person is indicted by a Grand Jury in Suffolk County. The County Court also has limited jurisdiction in civil cases, generally involving amounts up to $25,000. The County Court is in the Cromarty Court Complex Criminal Courts Building in Riverhead.
- The Suffolk County Surrogate's Court hears cases involving the affairs of decedents, including the probate of wills and the administration of estates, guardianships, and adoptions. The Surrogate's Court is in the County Center in Riverhead.
- The Suffolk County Family Court has jurisdiction over all of Suffolk County in petitions filed for Neglect & Abuse, Juvenile Delinquency/Designated Felonies, Persons in Need of Supervision, Adoption, Guardianship, Foster Care, Family Offense (Order of Protection), Custody & Visitation, Paternity, Support Matters (Child & Spousal), Consent to Marry. The court also has a Juvenile Drug Court and Family Treatment Court. Individuals, attorneys, and agencies may initiate a proceeding in the Family Court with the filing of a petition. The Suffolk County Family Court is in the Cohalan Court Complex in Central Islip and maintains a facility in Riverhead. Case assignment is dependent upon the geographical location of the parties.
The District Court and the Town and Village Courts are the local courts of Suffolk County. There are more than 30 local courts, each with limited criminal and civil subject matter and geographic jurisdictions. The local criminal courts have trial jurisdiction over misdemeanors, violations and infractions; preliminary jurisdiction over felonies; and traffic tickets charging a crime. The local civil courts calendar small claims, evictions, and civil actions.
- Suffolk County District Court has geographic jurisdiction over the 5 western towns of Suffolk County (Babylon, Brookhaven, Huntington, Islip & Smithtown). The Criminal division of the Suffolk District Court is in the Cohalan Court Complex, Central Islip, and includes Domestic Violence Courts, Drug Court, and a Mental Health Court. The Civil division is divided up in the 5 "outlying" courthouses in Lindenhurst, Huntington Station, Hauppauge, Ronkonkoma, and Patchogue. Civil actions may be filed up to $15,000, and small claims actions up to $5000. Actions are commenced by filing with the court. Summary proceedings under the RPAPL are filed in the district where the property is located.
- The Town Courts of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton, and Southold have geographic jurisdiction over the 5 eastern towns of Suffolk County. Each town maintains a courthouse where judges hear criminal cases (including a regional Drug Court) and civil actions. Civil actions are commenced by serving a summons and complaint for claims up to $3,000, and small claims actions are heard up to $3000. Summary proceedings under the RPAPL are filed in the town where the property is located.
- The Village Courts of Amityville, Asharoken, Babylon, Belle Terre, Bellport, Brightwaters, Head of the Harbor, Huntington Bay, Islandia, Lake Grove, Lindenhurst, Lloyd Harbor, Nissequogue, Northport, Ocean Beach, Old Field, Patchogue, Poquott, Port Jefferson, Quogue, Sag Harbor, Saltaire, Shoreham, Southampton, Village of the Branch, West Hampton Dunes, and Westhampton Beach have geographic jurisdiction within each incorporated village. Criminal and civil subject matter jurisdiction varies in each court.
Colleges and universities
Stony Brook University
St. Joseph's College
- Satellite and branch campuses
Fire Island Lighthouse
was an important landmark for many trans-Atlantic ships coming into New York Harbor
in the early 20th century. For many European immigrants, the Fire Island Light was their first sight of land upon arrival in America.
The Great South Bay Bridge
, the first causeway bridge, had only one northbound and one southbound lane, was opened to traffic in April 1954. The span of 2 miles (3 km) across Great South Bay to Captree Island features a main span of 600 feet (200 m), with a clearance for boats of 60 feet (20 m).
Suffolk County has the most lighthouses
of any United States county, with 15 of its original 26 lighthouses still standing. Of these 15, eight are in Southold
township alone, giving it more lighthouses than any other township in the United States.
The proposed Peconic County flag showed the two forks at the east end of Long Island separated by Peconic Bay. The star on the north represents Southold. The stars on the South Fork represent Southampton and East Hampton. Riverhead is at the fork mouth and Shelter Island is between the forks.
The secessionist movement has not been active since 1998.
The End of the Hamptons: Scenes from the Class Struggle in America's Paradise
, by Corey Dolgon
(New York University Press, 2005
) examined the class roots of the secessionist movement in the Hamptons. In his review, Howard Zinn
wrote that the book "[t]akes us beyond the much-romanticized beaches of Long Island to the rich entrepreneurs and their McMansions, the Latino workers, and the stubborn indigenous residents refusing to disappear. The book is important because it is in so many ways a microcosm of the nation."
The book won the Association for Humanist Sociology's 2005 Book Prize and the American Sociological Association's Marxist Section Book Award in 2007.
Finance and taxation
Suffolk County has an 8.625% sales tax, compared to an overall New York State sales tax of 4%, consisting of an additional 4.25% on top of the state and MTA
assessment of .375%
In March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic
first affected the county. As of December 12, 2020, there are a total of 73,281 cases and 2,153 deaths.
Municipalities of Suffolk County
In New York State
, a town
is the major subdivision of each county. Towns provide or arrange for most municipal services for residents of hamlets and selected services for residents of villages. All residents of New York who do not live in a city
or on an Indian reservation
live in a town. A village
is an incorporated area
which is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality
that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. A hamlet
is an informally defined populated area within a town that is not part of a village.
A map outlining the villages (grey), hamlets, and CDPs of Suffolk County.
Figures in parentheses are 2019 population estimates from the Census Bureau.
- Babylon (210,141)
- Brookhaven (480,763)
- East Hampton (22,047)
- Huntington (200,503)
- Islip (329,610)
- Riverhead (33,469)
- Shelter Island (2,417)
- Smithtown (116,022)
- Southampton (58,398)
- Southold (22,170)
- Amityville (9,399)
- Asharoken (646)
- Babylon (11,992)
- Belle Terre (786)
- Bellport (2,047)
- Brightwaters (3,059)
- Dering Harbor (11)
- East Hampton (1,134)
- Greenport (2,231)
- Head of the Harbor (1,458)
- Huntington Bay (1,437)
- Islandia (3,309)
- Lake Grove (11,056)
- Lindenhurst (26,801)
- Lloyd Harbor (3,658)
- Nissequogue (1,732)
- North Haven (892)
- Northport (7,273)
- Ocean Beach (83)
- Old Field (909)
- Patchogue (12,321)
- Poquott (928)
- Port Jefferson (8,145)
- Quogue (1,014)
- Sag Harbor (2,283)
- Sagaponack (323)
- Saltaire (41)
- Shoreham (531)
- Southampton (3,307)
- Village of the Branch (1,793)
- Westhampton Beach (1,797)
- West Hampton Dunes (58)
Gardiners Island is an island off eastern Suffolk County. The Island is 6 miles (10 km) long, and 3 miles (5 km) wide and has 27 miles (43 km) of coastline. The same family has owned the Island for nearly 400 years; one of the largest privately owned islands in America or the world. In addition, it is the only American real estate still intact as part of an original royal grant from the English Crown.
Robins Island is an Island in the Peconic Bay
between the North and South folks of eastern Suffolk County. It is within the jurisdiction of Town of Southold in Suffolk County, New York. The Island is 435 acres (1.8 km2
) and presently undeveloped. The island is privately owned and not accessible to the public.
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Last edited on 8 May 2021, at 07:19
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