Syrian Coastal Mountain Range The Coastal Mountain Range
: سلسلة الجبال الساحلية
Silsilat al-Jibāl as-Sāḥilīyah
) is a mountain range in northwestern Syria
running north–south, parallel to the coastal plain.
The mountains have an average width of 32 kilometres (20 mi), and their average peak elevation is just over 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) with the highest peak, Nabi Yunis, reaching 1,562 metres (5,125 ft), east of Latakia
In the north the average height declines to 900 metres (3,000 ft), and to 600 metres (2,000 ft) in the south.
Map of Syria showing the mountain range
Classically, this range was known as the Bargylus
a name mentioned by Pliny the Elder
The Greek "Bargylus" had its roots in the name of an ancient city-kingdom called Barga
most probably located in the vicinity of the mountains;
it was a city of the Eblaite
Empire in the third millennium BC,
and then a vassal kingdom of the Hittites
who named the mountain range after Barga.
In the medieval period were known as the Jabal Bahra
) after the Arab tribe of Bahra’
They are also sometimes known as the Nusayriyah Mountains
or the Ansarieh mountains
) or the Alawiyin Mountains
); both of these names refer to the Alawi ethnoreligious group
which has traditionally lived there, though the former term is based on an antiquated label
for the community that is now considered insulting.
- ^ a b c Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (2005) "Country Profile: Syria" page 5
- ^ Hackett, Horatio B. (editor) (1870) Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible: comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and natural history (Volume IV, Regum-Melech to Zuzims) Hurd and Houghton, New York, page 3142, OCLC 325913985
- ^ William Smith (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Iabadius-Zymethus. Little, Brown and Company. p. 1071.
- ^ Forrer, Emil Orgetorix Gustav (1928). "Barga". In Ebeling, Erich; Meissner, Bruno (eds.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie (in German). 1. Walter de Gruyter & Co. p. 401. OCLC 718866.
- ^ Cyrus Herzl Gordon; Gary Rendsburg; Nathan H. Winter (2002). Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Volume 4. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-57506-060-6.
- ^ Gordon Douglas Young (1981). Ugarit in Retrospect: Fifty Years of Ugarit and Ugaritic. p. 227. ISBN 9780931464072.
- ^ James Orr (1930). The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. 3. p. 1400.
- ^ Salibi, Kamal (2005). A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered. Londo: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 1860649122.
- ^ Encyclopædia Britannica – Syria
Last edited on 24 April 2021, at 20:27
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