), also spelled Tafila
, is a town
with a population of 27,559 people in southern Jordan
, located 183 kilometers (114 mi) southwest of Amman
. It is the capital of Tafilah Governorate
. It is well known for having green gardens which contain olive
trees, and grape-vines. Tafilah was first built by the Edomites
and was called Tophel
Iron Age to Crusader period
The oldest state formation established in the region on Tafilah was the kingdom of Edom
, and Tafilah lies on the ruins of the Edomite city of Tophel
. The capital of Edom was at Busairah
23 km to the south of Tafilah. Tafilah was later annexed by the Nabatean
kingdom who, had its capital at Petra
. Following the Roman invasion, it was ruled by the Ghassanids
, under Byzantine
authority. Tafilah then came under Muslim rule
, interrupted for a brief period of time by Crusader
Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule (Battle of Tafileh)
In 1961 there were 4,506 inhabitants in Tafila.
There is one university in Tafilah, Tafila Technical University
. Founded in 1986 as a university college, it expanded to a university in 2005. The university as of the academic year 2009/2010 includes six colleges.
The city of Tafilah is organized into six districts:
- Al Ees (منطقة العيص)
- Al Baqee' (منطقة البقيع)
- Wadi Zaid (منطقة وادي زيد)
- Aimah (منطقة عيمه)
- Al Hussein (منطقة الحسين )
- Ain Al Baidha (منطقة العين البيضاء)
- Al Mansoura (منطقه المنصوره)
Although Tafilah Governorate
is rich in history, having been the nucleus of the ancient kingdom of Edom
, it has one of the lowest numbers of tourists in Jordan. This is due to the fact that Tafilah is off the beaten track; Jordan's main highways do not pass through or nearby the city. The two main highways connecting north to south Jordan are the Dead Sea
Highway (Highway 65) and the Desert Highway (Highway 15). To go to Tafilah from the Desert Highway, one must take Highway 60 west at Jurf Al Darawish.
- ^ "The General Census - 2015" (PDF). Department of Population Statistics.
- ^ Faulkner, Neil (2016). Lawrence of Arabia's War: The Arabs, the British and the Remaking of the Middle East in WWI. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 372-377. ISBN 9780300226393.
- ^ Lawrence, T.E. (1935). Seven Pillars of Wisdom. Garden City: Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. pp. 470-483.
- ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, pp. 6, 13
- ^ Tafila Technical University
Last edited on 4 April 2021, at 00:52
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