Born at Jemmal
in 1944, Baccouche travelled to France in 1965 to study at the Sorbonne
where he obtained a degree in Linguistics
in 1966 and an aggregation in Arabic in 1968. After that, he returned to Tunis to teach at the University of Tunis. Baccouche was awarded a State Doctorate in Linguistics in 1980 from the University of Paris Sorbonne
. He was General Secretary of the Tunisian General Labour Union
(UGTT) from 1981 to 1984.
He was President of the Tunisian Association of Linguistics from 1995 to 2002 and has been General Secretary of the Mediterranean Linguistics Meetings –RLM and President of the Human Rights Arab Institute since 1998.
After the Tunisian Revolution, he served in the government as Minister of Education from January 2011 to December 2011. Later, he was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in January 2015. After less than a year in that post, Khemaies Jhinaoui
was appointed to succeed him in January 2016.
Baccouche was then appointed as Secretary-General of the Arab Maghreb Union on 5 May 2016.