) is a city in southwestern Yemen
. It is located in the Yemeni Highlands, near the port city of Mocha
on the Red Sea
, at an elevation of about 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) above sea level. It is the capital of Taiz Governorate
. With a population of over 600,000 in 2005, it is the third largest city in Yemen after the capital Sana'a
and the southern port city of Aden
We went on ... to the town of Taʻizz, the capital of the king of Yemen, and one of the finest and largest towns in that country. Its people are overbearing, insolent, and rude, as is generally the case in towns where kings reside. Taʻizz is made up of three quarters; the first is the residence of the king and his court, the second, called ʽUdayna, is the military station, and the third, called al-Mahálib, is inhabited by the commonalty, and contains the principal market.
Taiz was ruled by Turan-Shah
, the older brother of Saladin
, after he had conquered Yemen in 1173 CE.
Turan-Shah built the citadel on the hill overlooking the old city.
In 1175 CE, Taiz was made the capital of Yemen as it was incorporated into dominions of the Ayyubid dynasty
The second Rasulid
King, Almaddhafar (1288 CE), established Taiz as the second capital of the Rasulid Dynasty after Zabid
In 1332 Ibn Battutah
visited Taiz and described it as one of the largest and most beautiful cities of Yemen.
Taiz remained a walled city until 1948, when Imam Ahmed
made it the second capital of Yemen, allowing for expansion beyond its fortified wall.
In the 1960s, the first purified water system in Yemen was opened in Taiz. In 1962, state administrations moved back to Sana'a.
Yemeni uprising and war
The 2015 confrontation expanded into a military campaign
for control of this strategic city.
Despite ceasefires and prisoner swaps, the battle continues to this day and the city has been described as a "volatile front line."
The frontline runs through the city from east to west, and journeys across the frontline that once took 5 minutes now take 5 hours.
The Muctabiya Mosque
The city has many old quarters, with houses that are typically built with brown bricks, and mosques
are usually white. Most famous among the mosques are the Ashrafiya
, the Muctabiya
and the Mudhaffar
. Also memorable are the old citadel and the governor's palace that rests on top of a mountain spur 450 m (1,480 ft) above the city centre. It also has one of the best-known mountains in Yemen, Jabal Saber
almost 3,000 metres (1.9 miles) above sea level), which affords panoramic views over the city.
Historically, the mountainous city of Taiz was known for coffee production
. The Mocha coffee
produced in Taiz was considered some of the finest in the region in the early 20th century.
Today, coffee remains a major part of the economy but mango, pomegranate, citrus, banana, papai, vegetables, cereals, onions, and qat
are also grown in the surrounding landscape.
Taiz is known for its cheese. It is produced in rural areas like Araf, Awshaqh, Akhuz, Bargah, Barah, Jumah, Mukyas, Suayra, Kamb and Hajda and sold in al-Bab al-Kabeer and Bab Musa markets.
Industries in the city of Taiz include cotton
-weaving, tanning and jewellery production. Taiz today is the largest industrial base in Yemen.
As of 2020, all roads to and from Ta'iz, except for one, are controlled by the Houthi movement
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Last edited on 18 April 2021, at 04:24
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