For such a small area, Taiz Governorate has an extraordinarily diverse geography. The western half of the governorate is part of the Tihamahcoastal plain
and has an exceedingly hot
and arid climate
. The eastern half, however, is very mountainous
, with the major peak being 3,070-metre-high Jabal Sabir
, near Taiz city. These mountains trap the moisture created by an upper-level wind reversal between April and October, so that in the eastern half of the governorate annual rainfall
increases from 200 millimetres (8 inches) in the foothills to probably more than 1,000 millimetres (40 inches) near Jebel Saber. Temperatures in the highlands remain high during the daytime, but at the highest elevations they can fall dramatically to -5 °C (23 °F) overnight.
There are many streams
in Taiz governorate, they are known as Wadi
) and they are divided into perennial and temporary streams:
- Wadi Rasian, it is located in Mawza, Shara'b Ar Rawnah, al-Makha and Maqbanah.
- Wadi Warzan, it is located in Khadir and al-Mawasit.
- Wadi al-Dhabab, it is located in al-Mawasit and Hayfan.
- Wadi Ar-Ram, it is located in al-Mafalis region, Hayfan.
- Wadi al-Dhabab, it is located in Sabir al-Mawadim.
- Wadi al-Ashroh also known as Wadi al-Barakani, is located in al-Mawasit.
- Wadi al-Janah, is located in al-Wazi'iyah.
- Wadi al-Lahya, is located in Mawza.
Are the steams that only run in wet seasons:
The agriculture of this governorate is diverse. In the Tihamah region, there is only irrigated
agriculture, with cotton
the chief crops. Inland, whilst these crops are still significant, a much wider range of crops can be grown on rainfall and through water storage. Mangoes
are the major crops of the western escarpment, and further up coffee
are grown. Although wine
is prohibited in Yemen because of its alcohol
are still grown to produce raisins
in some areas.
The governorate has many wild animals and birds. The most common wild animals in the governorate are hyaenas
, rock hyrax
, african wild dog
. The most common wild birds are vultures
Map shows districts of Taiz
A map thats shows regions in Taiz
- Shamir: (Arabic: شمير) also called "Shamir Maqbanah". It is a mountainous region part of Maqbanah district.
- Al-Hugariyyah: (Arabic: الحجرية) It is the largest region in Taiz governorate. It is sometimes mistakenly called al-Hujariah district. The region is part of As-Silw, al-Ma'afer, Hayfan, Sama', al-Mawasit, Jabal Habashy, Dimnat Khadir, and al-Wazi'iyah districts.
- ^ "Statistical Yearbook 2011". Central Statistical Organisation. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- ^ a b c d "نبذة تعريفية عن محافظة تعز". NIC (National Information Center of Yemen) (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-06-19.
- ^ Scoville, Sheila A. (1979). Gazetteer of Arabia: a geographical and tribal history of the Arabian Peninsula. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt. p. 173. ISBN 9783201016254.
Last edited on 23 April 2021, at 20:42
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.