For precautionary dissimulation or denial of religious belief and practice in the face of persecution within Islam, see Taqiya
"Chechia" redirects here. For the country, see Czechia
When worn by itself, the taqiyah can be any color. However, particularly in Arab
countries, when worn under the keffiyeh
headscarf, they are kept in a traditional white. Some Muslims wrap a turban
around the cap, called an ʿimamah
, which is often done by Shia
Muslims. In the United States
, taqiyas are usually referred to as "kufis
is a type of taqiyah cap that is worn in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and other regions of South Asia. Many different types of topi caps include the Sindhi cap
, worn in Sindh
and the crochet topi that is often worn at Muslim
prayer services (see salat
There are a wide variety of Muslim caps worn around the world. Each country or region usually has a unique head covering.
In Afghanistan men wear all sorts of "araqchins" with different designs depending on their ethnicity, village and affiliations. They often wrap a turban around it, which is most of the time white, but black and other colors are also widely seen. They wear their araqchins with a "Peran Tomban" or "Perahan wa Tonban" which means shirt and trouser in the Persian of Afghanistan , which corresponds to a different version of the Shalwar Kameez, it's more archaic, which is probably the origin of the Shalwar Kameez. It's collarless, and traditionally the shirt and the trouser is wider than the Shalwar Kameez. Traditionally the shirts spots golden embroidery or specific embroidery. But due to war, the traditional Peran Tomban is less and less used, and the Shalwar Kameez with a collar is becoming more and more used, specially by Eastern Afghans, and people coming from poor backgrounds.
Hui men wear a white prayer cap with traditional Chinese clothing including the Chinese suit and a robe called a changshan
(See Islam in China
men wear a cap that can be of almost any color and graphic design, but formed into four corners at the top. In the United States, the Chinese robe is sold as a men's cheongsam
. For formal wear
, the robe is made of silk
, because silk is the traditional Chinese fabric. The rule of men not wearing silk for Muslims is ignored in China, because in China silk clothings are unisex while in the Arab
world, it is a feminine fabric. Cotton
robes and kung fu suits are worn to jumu'ah
. In China, the Hui people
developed Muslim Chinese martial arts. Recently, the Chinese government has adopted the Tangzhuang
as the national costume
is the national dress
. The Indonesians also produce a machine knitted skullcap that is popular with Muslims. Javanese people
wear the sarong
with their caps. In Sundanese, the skullcap is called a kupluk
The prayer cap is called thakiha. The cap is known as the thofi and the fishermen cap is referred to as koari.
Men wear the songkok
. Traditional Malaysian men's attire consists of a shirt, matching pants, and waist wrap that is called a Baju melayu
. For informal events, and prayers at the mosque, the sarong
is worn. However, a person seen wearing a songkok in Malaysia, especially in a Dewan Undangan Negeri
, is not necessarily a Muslim. This is because non-Muslims are required to wear one to comply with the dressing code of the assembly. Taqiyah is known as kopiah in Malaysia.
The prayer cap is called a topi
, see Topi cap
. Pakistani men wear a variety of other caps including the Sindhi topi
, a mirrored cap with a front opening that allows the wearer to place the forehead on the ground during prayer, see Sindhi cap
. Other caps include the karakul (hat)
, fez (hat)
Muslim men wear the tubeteika
. In Russia
, the tubeteika
is worn with a suit
for Eid ul Fitr
, and a tuxedo
ceremonies. Russian Muslims also wear the doppa
or rug cap. In Russia, giving a rug cap to a person as a gift is a sign of friendship. The Russian name for the doppa is tubeteika. In Russia, the folk costume consists of a kosovorotka
for men and a sarafan
for women. Among Turkic peoples
, traditional Turkic costumes are worn. Russian Muslims wear a variety of fur hats including the karakul (hat)
, which is called an astrakhan hat
in Russia, the ushanka
, and the papakhi
, see Islam in Russia
. A Russian diplomat hat
, which is a boat shaped cossack hat
, is also worn. Nikita Khrushchev
is said to have popularized it.
cleric wearing a taqiyah.
Men in Somalia often wear the koofiyad
cotton prayer cap, along with a sarong
referred to as a macawiis
. The jalabiya
is also sometimes worn.
Before 1925, men used to wear the fez hat
, or a conical taqiyah known as the taj
. However, the hat law of 1925 formally banned these form of hats. The Turkish cap, which is similar to a beanie
, can also commonly be found. The Turkish cap is made of wool
or cotton fleece
and has a distinctive pom-pom
or toorie on top. Turkish people
also wear regular cotton prayer caps. Women wear a variety of folk dresses
with a vest called a jelick
and a veil called a yashmak
. The traditional wedding dress
is red. Men wear the folk costume to festivals
and prayers, but most men don a suit
for weddings. Additionally, Dervishes
have a unique costume.
Men in the UAE often wear the Gahfiyyah
cotton prayer cap. Emirati
men wear the white Ghutra
on top of a Gahfiyyah Cap with a white thobe called a Kandoura or Kandoora. In an effort to strengthen religious awareness for foreign visitors, Sheik Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Makthoum the crown prince of Dubai has, from 2012 onwards, requested that all visiting westerners and non-Muslims adhere to Islamic dress code during religious festivals. If full adherence is impossible a simple Gahfiyyah
worn during prayers will suffice.
guitar player wearing a rug cap
is most common. In the United States, the doppa is sold as an Uzbek kufi
, Bukharan kippah
or Bokharan yarmulke
(Bukharian Jews of Central Asia also wore headcoverings similar to the Doppi/Tubeteika design but wore it for religious reasons pertaining to Judaism). The doppa is also called the rug cap because the needlework is the same as that found on Uzbek oriental rugs
, see Uzbek people
. In Central Asia
, men wear the doppa with a suit
also wear the tubeteika
, which they call a duppi
. The traditional tubeteika is a black velvet
cap with white or silver embroidery. For festivals
, a folk costume is worn that consists of a robe called a khalat
. The khalat is often worn with a coat called a chapan
wear the rug cap and the tubeteika
. In Canada, Neil Peart
, the drummer for Rush
, wears a tubeteika. Also, followers of the Naqshbandi Haqqani Sufi Order
wear Uzbek Kufis as Bahauddin Naqshband
was from Uzbekistan and it is seen as a friendlier alternative to the austere solid black and white of some Muslims.
In West Africa, there is the kufi
hat, or alasho
turban, which is worn with the grand boubou
for all official functions, weddings, and Islamic celebrations. Another West African robe is called a Senegalese kaftan
which is similar to an arabic thobe, but with a different tailored cut, and the kufi or fez is often worn with it. As in Morocco, the gandora and djellaba
is also worn by West African men, especially in domestic settings or for in-home prayers.
The traditional women's attire is the wrapper
, with hijab
(worn as a turban or turban with additional scarf covering the sides of the head.
- ^ Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani (1998) Questions on Islamic Dress and Head-dress for Men sunnah.org
- ^ Osbourne, Eileen (2005). RE - Buildings, Places, and Artefacts A Teacher Book + Student Book (SEN) (11-14). Folens Limited.
- ^ Michigan State University. Northeast African Studies Committee, Northeast African Studies, Volume 8, (African Studies Center, Michigan State University: 2001), p.66.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taqiyah
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 10:51
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.