Template:Dead link
[dead link]
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This template is used on approximately 260,000 pages
To avoid major disruption and server load, any changes should be tested in the template's /sandbox or /testcases subpages, or in your own user subpage. The tested changes can be added to this page in a single edit. Consider discussing changes on the talk page before implementing them.
This template is used to mark dead links, either within a paragraph or within a reference citation. Marking dead links signals to editors and to WP:Link rot bots that this link needs to be replaced with an archive link.
Before considering whether to use the {{dead link}} template it is often useful to make a search for an archive copy of the dead link and thereby avoid using the tag altogether. All {{cite xxx}} templates have the facility for adding |archive-date= and |archive-url= parameters for linking to an archive copy. Non-{{cite xxx}} citations can use {{webarchive}}.
Using {{Dead link}} will place a note by the URL and add the article to one of the Category:Articles with dead external links categories.
Append this template directly after the link (after the link code's terminating ] if you are using wikitext), or, if you are using a {{cite xxx}} template, directly after the {{cite xxx}} transclusion (not inside it), but inside the reference, if any, i.e. before the </ref>, in all cases leaving the original link intact:
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.example.org|title=The Example Website|access-date=22 September 2012}}{{Dead link|date=May 2021}}</ref>
Not doing so might hinder detection by automated tools. If the citation contains multiple URLs (e.g. chapterurl and url) in a template, and only one is broken, you can use <!-- hidden text --> to explain which one is broken.
If the article uses clickable footnotes, then this tag should be placed just before the </ref> that contains the dead link. The notice will then correctly appear in the reference section instead of in the body of the text, and so WP:Link rot bots can properly find and fix the link.
Avoid using this template when the reference is fully adequate without the link. In this case, simply remove the link. For example, if a
{{cite journal}}
template is used with a DOI, remove the |url= parameter.
Common form (with current date)
{{Dead link|date=May 2021}}
Optional parameters
Provides a history of the linked page via the Wayback Machine. Set only if history actually exists, as otherwise it is misleading to users and editors.
The date parameter consists of the full English name of the current month with initial capital, a space, and the year, not full dates; e.g., "January 2013", but not "jan13". Any deviation from these two rules will result in an "invalid date parameter" error.
Bot accounts specify the |bot= parameter as a sign that the tag was added by an automated process. Set as bot=<bot name>.
Set this to "yes" if you have tried unsuccessfully to find an archived copy, or a copy with a different URL. This will put the page in Category:Articles with permanently dead external links. Note that a link that is not in the Internet Archive (Wayback machine) can very often be found, e.g. by a search for the full title, in quotes, on the original Web site or the Internet at large, if the Wayback machine fails.
  • The date-substitution template may be used to automatically generate the date, e.g., {{Dead link|{{subst:DATE}}}}. See Help:Substitution for more information.
  • The date= parameter need not be added by the editor: if not entered, a bot will soon add it.
  • <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org |title=Web page title |website=Example.com |access-date=22 September 2012}} {{Dead link |date=September 2012}}</ref>
  • <ref>{{cite news |title=Sorrell accuses Murdoch of panic buying |author=Plunkett, John |url=http://media.guardian.co.uk/site/story/0,14173,1601858,00.html |newspaper=[[The Guardian]] |date=27 October 2005 |access-date=22 September 2012}} {{Dead link}}</ref>
  1. ^ "Web page title". Example.com. Retrieved 22 September 2012.[dead link]
  2. ^ Plunkett, John (27 October 2005). "Sorrell accuses Murdoch of panic buying". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2012.[dead link]
  • Avoid using free links (e.g. http://www.example.org/{{Dead link}}) as software unable to handle templates may read an incorrect link. Add brackets if necessary.
  • Avoid complicated formatting. Nesting inside a template is generally not supported well.
  • Avoid using [ ] { | } < > characters between the end of the external link and {{Dead link}}, as they are often used to format text.
This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly parameter usage report for this template.
TemplateData for Dead link
A template to indicate that the preceding URL is dead
Template parameters
This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.
Month and yeardate
The month and year the URL was found to be dead, like "June 2013"
Auto value
Bot namebotThe name of the bot used to identify the dead link (not used by regular editors)Useroptional
Wayback URLurlThe dead URL, used only if there is a Wayback Machine archiveURLoptional
Fix attemptedfix-attempted
Used to indicate that no archive copy is available
See also
Dead link tools
The above documentation is transcluded from Template:Dead link/doc. (edit | history)
Editors can experiment in this template's sandbox (edit | diff) and testcases (edit) pages.
Please add categories to the /doc subpage. Subpages of this template.
Last edited on 31 January 2021, at 15:37
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