This article is about the North African city. For the medicinal herb, see Verbascum thapsus
. For the prehistoric village in Sicily, see Thapsos
During his civil war
, Julius Caesar
defeated Metellus Scipio
and the Numidian
king Juba I
at the costly 46 BC Battle of Thapsus
. Caesar exacted a payment of 50,000 sesterces
from the vanquished. The victory marked the end of opposition against him in Africa. Thapsus subsequently became a Roman colony
in the province
. The town's enormous mole
may have been begun by the local emperors Gordian I
, and III
, but their reigns were too brief to have finished the work.
The construction may have been abandoned partway through; Thapsus was never known as a world-class port and, after the collapse of Thysdrus
in the 3rd century, all the area's maritime trade is known to have occurred through the harbors at Sullecthum
, and Gummi
Thapsus's surviving ruins include an amphitheatre
and various mosaics
. Thapsus was the site of one of the Roman Empire's greatest harbor moles
, a huge concrete
and stone breakwater
extending almost a kilometer from shore; only the first hundred or so meters, however, remain above water.
- Valentín García y Barros (1914.12.10 – 1916.08.26)
- Arturo Celestino Alvarez (1919.12.18 – 1921.05.09)
- Andrew James Louis Brennan (1923.02.23 – 1926.05.28)
- Vincenzo Celli (1927.04.08 – 1951.10.17)
- Antonio Torasso, I.M.C. (1952.01.10 – 1960.10.22)
- Paul-Émile Charbonneau (1960.11.15 – 1963.05.21)
- Tomás Enrique Márquez Gómez (1963.06.25 – 1966.11.30)
- Alfredo Cifuentes Gómez (1967.03.10 – 1970.12.02), as titular Archbishop
- Ludwig Averkamp (1973.01.18 – 1985.11.07)
- Vladas Michelevičius (1986.11.13 – 2008.11.12)
- Ignacio Carrasco de Paula (2010.09.15 – ...), president-for-life of the Pontifical Academy
- ^ Lipiński (2004), p. 363.
- ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library, §20.17.1
- ^ Sophrone Pétridès, "Thapsus" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1912)
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 983]
- Davidson, D.P.; et al. (2014), "The Enigma of the Great Thapsus Harbour Mole" (PDF), International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 35–40 .
- Lipiński, Edward (2004), Itineraria Phoenicia, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, No. 127, Studia Phoenicia, Vol. XVIII, Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters, ISBN 9789042913448.
Last edited on 21 February 2021, at 02:45
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