The English Patient (film)
The eponymous protagonist, a man burned
beyond recognition who speaks with an English accent
, tells his story to the young nurse caring for him in a series of flashbacks, revealing his true identity and the love affair he was involved in before the war.
They are soon joined by Kip, a Sikh sapper
in the British Army
posted with his sergeant to clear mines and unexploded bombs in the local area, including one in the monastery where Hana and the English Patient are staying. David Caravaggio, a Canadian Intelligence Corps
operative who has no thumbs as a result of torture during a German interrogation, also arrives to stay at the monastery. Caravaggio questions the patient, who gradually reveals his past to him, Hana and Kip through a series of flashbacks.
The patient tells Hana and Caravaggio that in the late 1930s he was exploring a region of the Sahara
Desert near the Egyptian-Libyan border. He is revealed to be Hungarian cartographerCount László de Almásy
, who was mapping the Sahara as part of a Royal Geographical Societyarcheological
expedition in Egypt
and Libya with a group including his good friend, Englishman Peter Madox. Their expedition is joined by a British couple, Geoffrey and Katharine Clifton, who own a new plane and are to contribute to the aerial survey efforts.
Almásy is given clues by a local Bedouin
man which help the group to discover the location of the Cave of Swimmers
, an ancient site of cave paintings in the Gilf Kebir
. The group begin to document their find, during which time Almásy falls in love with Katharine. He writes about her in notes folded into his book, which Katharine discovers when Almásy awkwardly accepts her offer of two watercolours she has painted of the cave imagery, and asks her to paste them into the book.
The two begin an affair on their return to Cairo, while the group arranges for more detailed archaeological surveys of the cave and the surrounding area. Almásy buys a silver thimble in the market as a gift to Katharine. Some months later, Katharine abruptly ends their affair from fear her husband Geoffrey will discover it. Shortly afterwards the archaeological projects are halted due to the onset of the war. Madox leaves his Tiger Moth
aeroplane at Kufra Oasis
before his intended return to Britain.
Over the days while Almásy relates his story, Hana and Kip begin a shy love affair, but Kip is reposted once he has cleared the area of explosives. They agree they will meet again. Meanwhile, Caravaggio reveals that he has been seeking revenge for his injuries, and has killed the German interrogator who cut off his thumbs and the spy who identified him, but has been searching for the man who provided requisite maps to the Germans, allowing them in infiltrate Cairo. He suspects Almásy is that man.
While Almásy is packing up the base camp at the cave site, Geoffrey, in an attempted murder-suicide
having apparently long known about the affair between Almásy and Katharine, deliberately crashes his own Boeing-Stearman
plane, narrowly missing Almásy. Geoffrey is killed instantly and Katharine is seriously injured. Almásy carries her to the Cave of Swimmers, realising she is wearing the thimble he gave to her on a chain around her neck. She confesses that she has always loved him despite ending their affair. After leaving her with provisions and his book, Almásy begins a three-day walk across the desert to get help.
At British-held El Tag
he attempts to explain the situation, but on revealing his name, is detained on suspicion of being a German spy and transported on a train. He escapes from the train, and soon afterwards comes in contact with a German army unit. They transport him to Madox's sequestered plane at Kufra Oasis, where he exchanges its stored survey maps for fuel, enabling him to fly back to the cave. However, he finds that Katharine has since died. He carries Katharine's body from the cave to the Tiger Moth and takes off. This finally connects the story to the scenes at the start of the film, where the plane is shot down by German anti-aircraft guns; Almásy is badly burned, but he is rescued by a group of Bedouin
, who bring him to the Siwa Oasis
, from where he is moved to Italy.
After he has related his story, Caravaggio decides to spare Almásy, who indicates to Hana that he wishes to die, pushing several unopened vials of morphine towards her as she gives him his regular injection for pain relief. Though visibly upset, she grants his wishes for a compassionate death and, as he dies, she reads him Katharine's final letter, which Katharine wrote to Almásy in his book while she was alone in the cave. Hana and Caravaggio leave the monastery for Florence
with a passing truck, and she hugs Almásy's book to herself as she rides away.
Triumph 3HW 350cc motorcycle specified in the novel as Kip's choice of transport and used in the film
The film was shot on location in Tunisia
with a production budget of $31 million.
The Conversations: Walter Murch and the Art of Editing Film
by Michael Ondaatje is based on the conversations between the author and film editor. Murch
, with a career that already included such complex works as the Godfather trilogy
, The Conversation,
and Apocalypse Now,
dreaded the task of editing the film with multiple flashbacks and time frames. Once he began, the possibilities became apparent, some of which took him away from the order of the original script. A reel without sound was made so scene change visuals would be consistent with the quality of the aural aspect between the two. The final cut features over 40 temporal transitions. It was during this time that Murch met Ondaatje and they were able to exchange thoughts about editing the film.
The Hungarian folk song, "Szerelem, Szerelem", performed by Muzsikas
featuring Márta Sebestyén
, was featured in the film.
The film received widespread critical acclaim, was a box office success and a major award winner: victorious in 9 out of 12 nominated Academy Awards
categories; 2 out of 7 nominated Golden Globe Awards
categories; and 6 out of 13 nominated BAFTA
The film has a "Certified Fresh" rating of 85% on Rotten Tomatoes
based on 88 reviews, with an average rating of 7.89/10. The website's critical consensus states, "Though it suffers from excessive length and ambition, director Minghella's adaptation of the Michael Ondaatje novel is complex, powerful, and moving."
The film also has a rating of 87/100 on Metacritic
, based on 31 critical reviews, indicating "universal acclaim". Chicago Sun Times
critic Roger Ebert
gave the film a four-star rating, saying "it's the kind of movie you can see twice – first for the questions, the second time for the answers".
In his movie guide, Leonard Maltin
rated the film 31
out of 4, calling it "a mesmerizing adaptation" of Ondaatje's novel, saying "Fiennes and Scott Thomas are perfectly matched", and he concluded by calling the film "an exceptional achievement all around".
Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore
gave the film a grade of "A−" on a scale of A+ to F.
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- ^ "The English Patient". American Film Institute. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
- ^ "The English Patient". British Film Institute. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
- ^ Bauer, Patricia. "The English Patient". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- ^ a b The English Patient at Box Office Mojo
- ^ a b Shulgasser, Barbara (November 22, 1996). "Masterful 'English Patient'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ British Film Institute - Top 100 British Films (1999). Retrieved August 27, 2016
- ^ Ondaatje, Michael (March 24, 2008). "Remembering my friend Anthony Minghella". The Guardian. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ a b Blades, John (November 24, 1996). "'The English Patient': Minghella's Film Fitting Treatment of Ondaatje Novel". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "Saul Zaentz producer of Oscar winning movies dies at 92". The New York Times. January 5, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "Film locations for The English Patient (1996)". movie-locations.com. 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ Random House Inc.
- ^ Bolton, Chris (August 31, 2002). "The Conversations: Walter Murch and the Art of Editing Film by Michael Ondaatje". Powell's Books. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "The English Patient". The Internet Movie Plane Database. 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "De Havilland D.H.82 Tiger Moth". Aviastar.org. 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ "Stearman Model 75: History, performance and specifications". pilotfriend.com. 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ The English Patient at Rotten Tomatoes
- ^ The English Patient at Metacritic
- ^ Ebert, Roger (November 22, 1996). "The English Patient Movie Review (1996)". rogerebert.com. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ^ Maltin, Leonard (2013). 2013 Movie Guide. Penguin Books. p. 416. ISBN 978-0-451-23774-3.
- ^ "Cinemascore". Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- ^ a b Van Gelder, Lawrence (March 25, 1997). "'English Patient' Dominates Oscars With Nine, Including Best Picture". The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- ^ a b "The 69th Academy Awards (1997) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- ^ "BFI's Top 100 British Films of the 20th Century". listal.com. 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- Blakesley, David (2007). "Mapping the other: The English Patient, colonial rhetoric, and cinematic representation". The Terministic Screen: Rhetorical Perspectives on Film. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-2488-0.
- Deer, Patrick (2005). "Defusing The English Patient". In Stam, Robert; Raengo, Alessandra (eds.). Literature and Film: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Film Adaptation. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-23054-8.
- Minghella, Anthony (1997). The English Patient: A Screenplay by Anthony Minghella. Methuen Publishing. ISBN 0-413-71500-0.
- Thomas, Bronwen (2000). "Piecing together a mirage: Adapting The English patient for the screen". In Giddings, Robert; Sheen, Erica (eds.). The Classic Novel from Page to Screen. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-5230-0.
- Yared, Gabriel (2007). Gabriel Yared's The English Patient: A Film Score Guide. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5910-4.
Last edited on 1 May 2021, at 06:29
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