The Mercury News
(formerly San Jose Mercury News
, often locally known as The Merc
) is a morning daily newspaper
published in San Jose, California
, in the San Francisco Bay Area
. It is published by the Bay Area News Group
, a subsidiary of Digital First Media
. As of March 2013, it was the fifth largest daily newspaper in the United States
, with a daily circulation of 611,194.
As of 2018, the paper has a circulation of 324,500 daily and 415,200 on Sundays.
As of 2021, this further declined. The Bay Area News Group no longer reports its circulation, but rather "readership". For 2021, they reported a "readership" of 312,700 adults daily.
First published in 1851, the Mercury News
is the last remaining English-language daily newspaper covering the Santa Clara Valley
. It became the Mercury News
in 1983 after a series of mergers. During much of the 20th century, it was owned by Knight Ridder
. Because of its location in Silicon Valley
, the Mercury News
has covered many of the key events in the history of computing, and was a pioneer in delivering news online.
It was the first American newspaper to publish in three languages (English, Spanish, and Vietnamese).
The New Almaden mercury mine near San Jose
The paper's name derives from the San Jose Mercury and San Jose News, two daily newspapers that merged to form the Mercury News.
The Mercury News'
s predecessor, the Weekly Visitor
, began as a Whig
paper in the early 1850s but quickly switched its affiliation to the Democratic Party
The paper remained a conservative voice through the mid 20th century, when it supported pro-growth city leaders and pursued a staunchly pro-growth, anti-union agenda.
It became considerably more moderate in the 1970s, reflecting new ownership and changes to the local political landscape.
It endorsed John B. Anderson
for President in 1980 and has endorsed Democratic presidential candidates in every election since 1992
The newspaper now known as the Mercury News
began in 1851 or 1852.[note 1]
California legislators had just moved the state capital from San Jose to Vallejo
, leading to the failure of San Jose's first two newspapers, the Argus
and State Journal
. A group of three businessmen led by John C. Emerson bought the papers' presses to found the San Jose Weekly Visitor
The Weekly Visitor
began as a Whig
paper but quickly switched its affiliation to the Democratic Party
. It was renamed the Santa Clara Register
in 1852. The following year, F. B. Murdoch took over the paper, merging it into the San Jose Telegraph
W. A. Slocum assumed control of the Telegraph
in 1860 and merged it with the San Jose Mercury
or Weekly Mercury
to become the Telegraph and Mercury
. William N. Slocum soon dropped Telegraph
from the name.
By this point, the Mercury
was one of two newspapers publishing in San Jose.
A postcard depicting the San Jose electric light tower
James Jerome Owen
, a forty-niner
and former Republican New York assemblyman
, became the Mercury'
s publisher in the spring of 1861, later acquiring a controlling interest in the paper along with a partner, Benjamin H. Cottle.
The paper published daily as the San Jose Daily Mercury
for three months in the fall of 1861, then from August 1869 to April 1870 with the addition of J. J. Conmy as partner,
and again from March 11, 1872, after the purchase of the Daily Guide
In 1878, Owen formed the Mercury Printing and Publishing Company.
merged with the Times Publishing Company in 1884.
The Daily Morning Times
and Daily Mercury
briefly became the Times-Mercury
, while the Weekly Times
and Weekly Mercury
briefly become the Times-Weekly Mercury
In 1885, both publications adopted the San Jose Mercury
That year, Owen sold his interest in the paper and moved to San Francisco.
In late 1900, Everis A. Hayes
and his brother Jay purchased the Mercury
. Then, in August 1901, they purchased the San Jose Daily Herald
, an evening paper, and formed the Mercury Herald Company.
In 1913, the two papers were consolidated into a single morning paper, the San Jose Mercury Herald
In 1942, the Mercury Herald Company purchased the San Jose News
(which was founded in 1851) but continued to publish both papers, the Mercury Herald
in the morning and the News
in the evening, with a combined Sunday edition called the Mercury Herald News
name was dropped in 1950.
's Northwest Publications (later Ridder Publications) purchased the Mercury
During the mid 20th century, the papers took largely conservative, pro-growth positions. Publisher Joe Ridder was a vocal proponent of San Jose City Manager A. P. Hamann
's development agenda, which emphasized urban sprawl
within an ever-expanding city limits. Ridder counted on increasing population to lead to increased newspaper subscriptions and advertising sales. The paper supported a series of general obligation bonds
worth $134 million (equivalent to $731 million in 2019), most of it spent on capital improvements that benefited real estate developers. It also supported a revision to the city charter that introduced a direct mayoral elections
and abolished the vote of confidence
for city manager.
By 1967, the Mercury
had risen to rank among the top six largest morning newspapers in the country by circulation, boosted by unabated growth into the suburbs, while the News
ran the most advertising of any evening newspaper in the country.
In February 1967, the Mercury
moved from a cramped former grocery store in downtown San Jose to a 36-acre (15 ha) campus in suburban North San Jose. A 185,000-square-foot (17,200 m2
) main building could contain more presses to serve a booming population. The newly built complex cost $1 million (equivalent to $5.97 million in 2019) and was called the largest one-story newspaper plant in the world. Civic leaders criticized the move as emblematic of the urban decay
that downtown San Jose was experiencing.
Knight Ridder ownership
In 1974, Ridder merged with Knight Newspapers to form Knight Ridder
. Joe Ridder was forced to retire in 1977. His nephew, P. Anthony "Tony" Ridder, succeeded him as publisher. Tony Ridder placed an emphasis on improving the papers' reportage, to better reflect Knight's reputation for investigative journalism.
Under Knight Ridder ownership, the papers moderated their formerly staunch pro-growth agenda, and coverage of local issues became more balanced. The editorial board expressed only minimal opposition to a 1978 measure that abolished at-large
city council elections, seen as favorable to deep-pocketed developers, in favor of council districts.
It supported the desegregation of San Jose Unified School District
and in 1978 argued against Proposition 13
. In the 1980s, Ridder supported MayorTom McEnery
's efforts to redevelop the downtown area, including the construction of San Jose Arena
and The Tech Museum of Innovation
Logo of the San Jose Mercury News from 1983 to 2016
In 1983, the Mercury
became morning and afternoon editions of the San Jose Mercury News
The afternoon edition was discontinued in 1995, leaving only the morning edition.
In the 1980s and 1990s, the Mercury News
magazine as a Sunday insert.
Coverage of ethnic communities
In the 1990s, the Mercury News
expanded its coverage of the area's ethnic communities, to national acclaim,
hiring Vietnamese-speaking reporters for the first time.
In 1994, it became the first of two American dailies to open a foreign bureau
in Vietnam after the Vietnam War
A foreign correspondent
stationed at the Hanoi
bureau held an annual town hall meeting with the Vietnamese-American community in San Jose. Initially, community members staged protests accusing the paper of siding with the Communist government in Vietnam by opening the bureau.
Logo of Viet Mercury from 1999 to 2005
The Mercury News
launched the free, Spanish-language weekly Nuevo Mundo
(New World) in 1996 and the free, Vietnamese-language weekly Viet Mercury
in 1999. Viet Mercury was the first Vietnamese-language newspaper published by an English-language daily.
It competed against a crowded field of 14 Vietnamese-owned community newspapers
, including four dailies.
Growth alongside the technology industry
The Mercury News
benefited from its status as the major daily newspaper in Silicon Valley
during the dot-com bubble
. It led the news industry in business coverage of the valley's high tech industry, attracting readers from around the world. Time
called the Mercury News
the most technologically-savvy newspaper in the country.
The tech industry's growth fueled growth in the paper's classified advertising
, particularly for employment listings. For 20 years, the Mercury News
was one of the country's top newspapers in the amount of advertising it ran.
The Mercury News
was one of the first daily newspapers in the United States to have an online presence, and was the first to deliver full content and breaking news online. It launched a service called Mercury Center on America Online
in 1993, followed by the country's first news website in 1995 (see § Online presence
). Mercury Center shut down its AOL service in July 1996, leaving only the website.
The Mercury News's parent company was headquartered at the Knight-Ridder Building in downtown San Jose from 1998 to 2006.
At its peak in 2001, the Mercury News
had 400 employees in its newsroom, 15 bureaus, $288 million in annual revenue, and profit margins above 30%. In 1998, Knight Ridder moved its headquarters from Miami
to the Knight-Ridder Building
in San Jose, which was seen as an acknowledgement of the central role that online news would play in the company's future. Mercury Center ended its paywall in May 1998, after posting 1.2 million monthly unique visitors the previous year. By 2000, the paper had a Sunday circulation of 327,000 and $341 million in annual revenue, $118 million of it from job listings.
In 2001, circulation rose to 289,413 daily and 332,669 Sundays.
Flush times come to an end
The collapse of the dot-com bubble impacted the classified advertising that sustained the newspaper's business operations. Additionally, newspapers across the industry faced serious competition to their job listings from websites such as Monster.com
, and Craigslist
Cost-cutting began affecting the initiatives the paper had started in the 1990s. In June 2005, the Mercury News
closed its Hanoi bureau.
On October 21, it also announced the closure of Nuevo Mundo
and sale of Viet Mercury to a group of Vietnamese-American businessmen; however, the deal fell through, and Viet Mercury
published its final issue on November 11, 2005.
Digital First ownership
"The Mercury News" stickers have been affixed to San Jose Mercury News vending machines.
On March 13, 2006, The McClatchy Company
purchased Knight Ridder for $4.5 billion. In a surprise move, McClatchy immediately put the Mercury News
and 11 other newspapers back up for sale.
On April 26, Denver
-based MediaNews Group
(now Digital First Media) announced a planned $1 billion purchase of the Mercury News
, two other California newspapers, and the St. Paul Pioneer Press
, with the three California papers to be added to the California Newspapers Partnership
However, on June 12, 2006, federal regulators from the U.S. Department of Justice
asked for more time to review the purchase, citing possible antitrust concerns over MediaNews' ownership of other newspapers in the region.
Although approval by regulators and completion of MediaNews' acquisition was announced on August 2, 2006, a lawsuit claiming antitrust violations by MediaNews and the Hearst Corporation
had also been filed in July 2006.
The suit, which sought to undo the purchase of both the Mercury News
and the Contra Costa Times
, was scheduled to go to trial on April 30, 2007. While extending until that date a preliminary injunction which prevented collaboration of local distribution and national advertising sales by the two media conglomerates, U.S. District Judge Susan Illston on December 19, 2006 expressed doubt over the legality of the purchase.
On April 25, 2007, days before the trial was scheduled to begin, the parties reached a settlement in which MediaNews preserved its acquisitions.
The Mercury News
and Contra Costa Times
were placed under CNP's local subsidiary, the Bay Area News Group
. Meanwhile, layoffs continued at the Mercury News
. Around December 2016, 101 employees were laid off, including 40 in the newsroom.
In 2013, MediaNews Group and 21st Century Media
merged to form Digital First Media
In April 2013, MediaNews announced that it would sell the Mercury News
campus on Ridder Park Drive in North San Jose. County Supervisor Dave Cortese
approached the Mercury News
about moving into the former San Jose City Hall on North First Street,
but the paper ended up returning downtown. In June 2014, printing and production of the Mercury News
and other daily newspapers moved to Bay Area News Group's Concord
facilities. The Mercury News
moved into a downtown office building that September.
According to the publishers, the Ridder Park Drive facility had become unnecessarily large for the paper, following the departure of printing operations and other staff reductions that had occurred over the years.
The Mercury News headquarters in downtown San Jose.
The Mercury News
is the largest tenant in the Towers @ 2nd high-rise office complex in downtown San Jose.
Business functions occupy the seventh floor of 4 North Second Street, while news staff and executives occupy the eighth floor, for a total of 33,186 square feet (3,083.1 m2
Printing and production of the Mercury News
take place at the Bay Area News Group's facilities in Concord
in the East Bay.
Originally, the Mercury
published from various locations in downtown San Jose. From February 1967 to September 2014, the papers were headquartered in a 36-acre (15 ha) campus in suburban North San Jose, abutting the Nimitz Freeway (then State Route 17, now Interstate 880
The Web staff was originally co-located with the newsroom staff but moved to downtown San Jose in December 1996.
Following the Mercury News'
return to the downtown area, Digital First Media sold the suburban campus to Super Micro Computer, Inc.
, which renamed it "Supermicro Green Computing Park
Older San Jose Mercury News newsboxes have black, white, and green stripes, while newer Mercury News newsboxes bear the paper's logo in white against a blue background.
The Mercury News
operates a paywalled website, which is located at mercurynews.com, sjmercury.com, or sjmn.com. Its SiliconValley.com website focuses on the technology industry in Silicon Valley
. It also publishes a morning e-mail newsletter
, Good Morning Silicon Valley, that covers technology news. "Mercury News" and "e-Edition" applications are available for Android
devices, as well as for the Kindle Fire
and Barnes & Noble Nook
The original Mercury Center service on America Online. Despite the popularity of premium features such as the "News Library", Mercury Center gave more prominence to content from the print paper, such as news and sports headlines.
The Mercury News
was one of the first daily newspapers in the United States to have an online presence and was the first to deliver full content and breaking news online. In 1990, editor Robert Ingle sent a report to Tony Ridder, then the head of Knight Ridder
, on the company's future in electronic media after the failure of Viewtron
four years earlier. Ingle proposed a Mercury Center
online service that would use the newspaper's content to bring together communities of interest
It launched as part of America Online
on May 10, 1993, at AOL keyword MERCURY
. It was the second news service on AOL, after the Chicago Tribune
opened Chicago Online in 1992.
The paper sent floppy disks
to subscribers for accessing Mercury Center. The service featured a large amount of content for free: the print paper's full content, supplementary material such as documents and audio clips, stock quotes, and about 200 stories that did not make the print edition. A forum
enabled readers to converse with each other and give feedback to reporters. However, the service's most popular content lie behind a paywall
: back issues from 1985 onward and a "NewsHound" clipping service were popular with business users.
Readers could enter alphanumeric codes, which appeared throughout the print paper, to quickly access online versions of articles that did not make print. Examples included N620
for an article in the news section or B770
for a press release in the business section. The Mercury Center staff comprised both news reporters and business "senders", who posted press releases
online in addition to vetted content.
Initially, the service had difficulty attracting users, prompting the paper to add a telephone and fax hotline, News Call, in November 1993. By early 1994, Mercury Center had added 5,100 subscribers to AOL, representing less than 20% of AOL's 30,000 subscribers in the San Francisco Bay Area
or less than two percent of the Mercury News'
s 282,488 daily subscribers.
In December 1994, the Mercury News
began beta-testing a companion website, Mercury Center Web,
which on January 20, 1995, became the country's first news website.
Subscribers no longer needed AOL to access the Mercury News'
s online content, and the paper no longer had to share advertising revenue with AOL.
The site ran on Netscape
's Netsite Web server, with connectivity provided by Netcom
Access to the site cost $4.95 per month, with a discount for print subscribers. In October 1995, CareerBuilder.com launched as a partnership between the Boston Globe
, Chicago Tribune
, Los Angeles Times
, Mercury News
, New York Times
, and Washington Post
. Mercury Center shut down its AOL service in July 1996, leaving only the website.
In August 1996, the Mercury News
published "Dark Alliance", a series of investigative articles by reporter Gary Webb
that claimed CIA involvement in Contra cocaine trafficking
(see § Controversies
). The Mercury News
promoted the upcoming series on Usenet newsgroups
weeks in advance. Mercury Center published reporting and supporting material online simultaneously with the print edition. The robust online production drew significant national attention to the series. Within days, more than 2,500 websites linked to Mercury Center's "Dark Alliance" section, and the site received 100,000 daily page views over the usual traffic for weeks. Executive editor Jerome Ceppos
eventually distanced the paper from the series, but it continued to receive attention, especially from online conspiracy theorists.
On October 26, 1999, technology columnist Dan Gillmor
began writing a blog
, on the Mercury News'
SiliconValley.com website. It is believed to have been the first blog by a journalist at a traditional media company. In the 2000s, he was joined by columnists-turned-bloggers Tim Kawakami
and John Paczkowski
Articles dating back to June 1985 can be found online for free on the Mercury News
website, with full text available on the NewsLibrary
NewsBank also hosts the full text of articles from 1886 to 1922. The San José Public Library
's website hosts thousands of news clips of articles from 1920 to 1979.
Much of Gillmor's eJournal
is preserved on the Bayosphere website.
Various staff writers and designers have received awards for their contributions to West
magazine, a Sunday insert published by the Mercury News
in the 1980s and 1990s.
The Mercury News
website received EPpy Awards
in 1996, 1999, 2009, 2013, and 2014.
In August 1996, the Mercury News
published "Dark Alliance", a series of investigative articles by reporter Gary Webb
. The series claimed that members of the Nicaraguan Contras
, an anti-government group organized with the help of the Central Intelligence Agency
, had been involved in smuggling cocaine into America to support their struggle, and as a result had played a major role in creating the crack-cocaine epidemic of the 1980s. The series sparked three federal investigations, but other newspapers such as the Los Angeles Times
later published articles alleging that the series' claims were overstated. Executive editor Jerry Ceppos, who had approved the series, eventually published a column that suggested shortcomings in the series' reporting, editing, and production, while maintaining the story was correct "on many important points".
The series was turned into a 1998 a book by the same name
, also by Webb, and an account of the controversy surrounding the series was published as Kill the Messenger
in 2006. Both were the basis for the 2014 film Kill the Messenger
The Mercury News
publishes the following community weeklies:
An issue from June 4, 1852, is numbered as volume 1, issue 1, but there an issue from February 20 earlier that year was numbered as issue 36.
- ^ Herhold, Scott (January 17, 2014). "Rebranding of San Jose as 'Silicon Valley' goes too far". The Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ a b c d Day, Jessica (July 26, 2016). "Welcome to 750 Ridder Park Drive". 750 Ridder Park Drive. History San José. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ a b "Contact Us". The Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ a b c Carey, Pete (June 12, 2014). "Mercury News announces move to downtown San Jose". San Jose Mercury News. MediaNews Group. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ a b "Bay Area News Group". Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- ^ "Top 25 U.S. Newspapers for March 2013". Alliance for Audited Media. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- ^ Carey, Pete (April 30, 2013). "Mercury News scores circulation gain". San Jose Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ "San Francisco May Area News Company". BANG. BANG.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "History of 750 Ridder Park Drive". 750 Ridder Park Drive. History San José.
- ^ "The Mercury News Changes Along with San Jose". 750 Ridder Park Drive. History San José.
- ^ a b c d Beales, Benjamin Bronston (September 1943). "The San Jose 'Mercury' and the Civil War". California History. California Historical Society. 22 (3): 223–234. doi:10.2307/25155794. JSTOR 25155794.
- ^ Veltman, Noah (May 24, 2017). "Newspaper presidential endorsements". Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose weekly visitor. (San Jose [Calif.]) 185?-18??". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose telegraph. (San Jose, Calif.) 1855-1860". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose mercury. (San Jose, Calif.) 18??-1869". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ a b c Gottschalk, Mary (December 8, 2011). "It's the 130th anniversary of San Jose's once-famous electric tower". San Jose Mercury News. Knight Ridder. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose daily Mercury. (San Jose, Santa Clara County, Cal.) 1869-1884". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Munro-Fraser 1881, pp. 457–458.
- ^ San Jose Mercury, December 25, 1881, cited in Freeberg, Ernest (2013). The Age of Edison: Electric Light and the Invention of Modern America. Penguin History of American Life. New York City: Penguin Books. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-0-14-312444-3.
- ^ "About Daily morning times. (San Jose, Calif.) 1879-1884". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About The weekly times. (San Jose, Calif.) 188?-188?". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About Times-Mercury weekly. (San Jose, Calif.) 188?-1885". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose daily Mercury. (San Jose, Calif.) 1885-1899". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Herhold, Scott (June 14, 2016). "Herhold: The woman behind San Jose's Hayes Mansion". The Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- ^ a b "About San Jose Mercury herald. [volume] (San Jose, Calif.) 1913-1950". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose Mercury. (San Jose, Calif.) 1950-1983". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Herhold, Scott (June 16, 2014). "The history of the Mercury News downtown". San Jose Mercury News. MediaNews Group. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ a b c Pizarro, Sal (September 26, 2014). "Pizarro: A bittersweet farewell to the old Mercury News building". San Jose Mercury News. Bay Area News Group.
- ^ a b c Carey, Pete (April 15, 2013). "Mercury News announces it plans to sell headquarters building". San Jose Mercury News. MediaNews Group. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ "About San Jose Mercury-news. (San Jose, Calif.) 1983-2016". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Stoll, Michael (October 21, 2005). "Mercury News will shed 2 ethnic papers, 5 local 'Guide' editions". Grade the News. San Jose State University School of Journalism and Mass Communications. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ "Việt Mercury có chủ nhiệm mới" [Viet Mercury has a new editor]. Vietnam Daily News (in Vietnamese). February 7, 2002. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ a b Delevett, Peter; Goldfisher, Alastair (February 28, 1999). "Viet Merc stirs emotions". Silicon Valley Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ a b Glaberson, William (October 10, 1994). "The Media Business; Press Notes". The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- ^ a b Bùi Văn Phú (November 7, 2005). "Khai sinh và khai tử của một tờ báo Việt chủ Mỹ" [The birth and death of an American-owned Vietnamese newspaper]. Talawas (in Vietnamese). Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ "The San Jose Mercury News: bridging two worlds". Pete Peterson: Assignment Hanoi. PBS. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ "About Nuevo mundo. (San Jose, CA) ????-current". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ "About Việt Mercury. (San Jose, CA) 1999-????". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Tindall, Blair (December 15, 2000). "Goliath Arrives and a Few Davids Depart". Nieman Reports. Nieman Foundation for Journalism. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Shapiro, Michael (November 2011). "The Newspaper That Almost Seized the Future". Columbia Journalism Review. Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ a b c Carlson, David (2009). "The Online Timeline, 1990-94". David Carlson's Virtual World. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ a b Directory of Electronic Journals, Newsletters, and Academic Discussion Lists. Association of Research Libraries. 1994. pp. 47–48 – via Google Books.
- ^ Seelye, Katharine; Sorkin, Andrew Ross (March 13, 2006). "Newspaper Chain Agrees to a Sale for $4.5 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ^ Levine, Greg (March 14, 2006). "Knight Ridder CEO 'Stunned' By McClatchy Resale Plans". Forbes. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ "McClatchy to sell four Knight Ridder newspapers for $1 billion" (PDF). The McClatchy Company/Media News Group. April 26, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2007.
- ^ a b Egelko, Bob (December 20, 2006). "Hearst-MediaNews ruling extended". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ^ Egelko, Bob (December 20, 2006). "Hearst-MediaNews ruling extended". SFGate - San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ^ Egelko, Bob (April 25, 2007). "Hearst, MediaNews Group settle Reilly suit". SFGate - San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- ^ "MediaNews Group and 21st Century Media Transaction Has Been Finalized" (Press release). Digital First Media. December 30, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- ^ Woolfolk, John (May 9, 2013). "Will Mercury News move into old City Hall?". San Jose Mercury News. MediaNews Group. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- ^ "Oakland Tribune, San Jose Mercury News among publications affected in newspaper consolidation". KTVU. March 2, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- ^ "About The Mercury news : the newspaper of Silicon Valley. [volume] (San Jose, CA) 2016-current". Chronicling America. National Digital Newspaper Program. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- ^ Lang, Marissa (March 1, 2016). "Oakland loses Tribune, with paper folded into new East Bay Times". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- ^ Donato-Weinstein, Nathan (July 1, 2015). "New owner of Mercury News office complex sees gathering strength for downtown SJ". Silicon Valley Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ "Mobile Apps". The Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. September 7, 2016. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- ^ "The San Jose Mercury News". Barnes & Noble. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ Harmon, Amy (January 17, 1994). "A Sign-on, a Mouse, Voila--It's Your Newspaper! : Information: The future is now at the San Jose Mercury News with an array of features by way of a personal computer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- ^ a b Glaberson, William (February 7, 1994). "The Media Business; In San Jose, Knight-Ridder Tests a Newspaper Frontier". The New York Times. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- ^ a b "San Jose Mercury News Now Publishing on the World Wide Web". San Jose Mercury News (Press release). January 18, 1995. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- ^ Carlson, David (2009). "The Online Timeline, 1995-99". David Carlson's Virtual World. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ Gore, Karenna (May 16, 1997). "Apology Not Accepted". Slate. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- ^ Rosenberg, Scott (2009). Say Everything: How Blogging Began, What It's Becoming, and Why It Matters. New York City: Crown Publishers. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-0-307-45136-1.
- ^ a b Gillmor, Dan (October 26, 2009). "Welcome to My Old Blog". Bayosphere. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ "How to find Mercury News articles from before 1985". San Jose Mercury News. November 9, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- ^ "San José Mercury News Clippings File Index". San José Public Library. April 12, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- ^ Gillmor, Dan (2010). "Information safety". Mediactive. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
- ^ "For the Birds". Westchester Magazine. January 24, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
- ^ "Winners of 2007 Missouri Lifestyle Journalism Awards Announced". University of Missouri. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
- ^ "Past EPPY Award Winners". EPPY Awards. Editor & Publisher. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- ^ Ceppos, Jerry (May 11, 1997). "To readers of our 'Dark Alliance' series". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on November 19, 1997. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- ^ Kornbluh, Peter (January 1997). "The Storm over 'Dark Alliance'". Columbia Journalism Review. Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via National Security Archive.
- ^ https://www.mercurynews.com/author/sal-pizarro/
- ^ "San Francisco Bay Area News Media Company - Community News | Bay Area News Group". Retrieved September 6, 2020.
Last edited on 13 May 2021, at 08:33
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.