New York Herald Building (1908) by architect Stanford White
. It was demolished in 1921
François Flameng (1856-1923), A winter evening in a crowded Herald Square at the New York Herald Building, oil on board 62.4 x 52.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1909. Provenance: Simonis & Buunk Fine Art, The Netherlands.
It ceased publication in 1966 after a prolonged and draining strike with its printers union; its European edition was jointly acquired by The Washington Post
and The New York Times
, which renamed it the International Herald Tribune
. The Times
subsequently gained full control, publishing it today as The New York Times International Edition
magazine, created as the Herald Tribune'
s Sunday magazine in 1963,
was independently revived in 1968. It continues to publish today under this name.
The New York Herald, December 8, 1862
The first issue of the paper was published by James Gordon Bennett Sr.
, on May 6, 1835.
distinguished itself from the partisan papers of the day by the policy that it published in its first issue: "We shall support no party—be the agent of no faction or coterie, and we care nothing for any election, or any candidate from president down to constable." Bennett pioneered the "extra"
edition during the Herald'
s sensational coverage of the Robinson–Jewett murder case
By 1845, it was the most popular and profitable daily newspaper in the United States.
In 1861, it circulated
84,000 copies and called itself "the most largely circulated journal in the world."
Bennett stated that the function of a newspaper "is not to instruct but to startle and amuse."
His politics tended to be anti-Catholic and he had tended to favor the Know-Nothing
faction. But he was not as anti-immigrant as the Know-Nothing party were.
During the American Civil War
, Bennett's policy, as expressed by the newspaper, was to staunchly support the Democratic Party
.[clarification needed] Frederic Hudson
served as managing editor of the paper from 1846 to 1866.
In 1874, the Herald
ran the New York Zoo hoax
in which the front page of the newspaper was devoted entirely to a fabricated story of wild animals getting loose at the Central Park Zoo
and attacking numerous people.
On October 4, 1887, James Jr. sent Julius Chambers
to Paris, France
to launch a European edition. Bennett later moved to Paris, but the New York Herald
suffered from his attempt to manage its operation in New York by telegram. In 1916 a Saturday issue of the paper reported that a major financier was found dead from poisoning; it added that in 1901 he was "mysteriously poisoned and narrowly escaped death."
In 1924, after James Jr.'s death, the New York Herald
was acquired by its smaller rival the New York Tribune
, to form the New York Herald Tribune
. In 1959, the New York Herald Tribune
and its European edition were sold to John Hay Whitney
, then the U.S. ambassador to the UK.
When the Herald
was still under the authority of its original publisher Bennett, it was considered to be the most intrusive and sensationalist of the leading New York papers.
Its ability to entertain the public with timely daily news made it the leading circulation paper of its period.
The New York Evening Telegram
was founded in 1867 by the junior Bennett, and was considered by many to be an evening edition of the Herald
. Frank Munsey
acquired the Telegram
in 1920, and ceased its connection to the Herald
Minerva, the Bellringers, and Owls by Antonin Carles
- New York's Herald Square is named after the New York Herald newspaper.
- The New York Herald Building was designed by the prestigious firm of Stanford White, and completed in 1908. It occupied the north side of the square. At its top was a sculpture commemorating the Bennetts. The statue of Minerva, the Bellringers, and Owls, by Antonin Carles, sounded every hour with bellringing.
- After the building was demolished in 1921 to make way for other development, the sculpture was installed on the north side of Herald Square, and the sound was stopped.
- The chorus of "Give My Regards to Broadway" includes the phrase "[R]emember me to Herald Square." North of Herald Square is Times Square, which is named after the rival The New York Times.
- ^ a b Doreen Carvajal (June 24, 2008). "The Times and I.H.T. Study Web Merger". The New York Times.
- ^ a b Crouthamel, James (1989). Bennett's New York Herald and the Rise of the Popular Press. Syracuse University Press. The finished four-page Herald with its circulation of twelve thousand as in 1845 the most popular and profitable daily newspaper in the United States. Its niche was so secure that its success seemed almost inevitable. But Bennett was fifty years old, and his success had come very late, after many years of apparent failure. ...
- ^ Cohen, Daniel (2000). Yellow Journalism. Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0761315020.
- ^ Sandburg, Carl (1942). Storm Over the Land. Harcourt, Brace and Company. p. 87.
- ^ Katherine Roeder (March 25, 2014). Wide Awake in Slumberland: Fantasy, Mass Culture, and Modernism in the Art of Winsor McCay. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 28–. ISBN 978-1-62674-117-1.
- ^ New Outlook. Outlook Publishing Company, Incorporated. 1892. pp. 489–.
- ^ Harris, Gale (November 21, 1995). "Bennett Building" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. p. 7. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
- ^ Carey, John (March 18, 2007). "A good man in Africa ?". The Sunday Times. Retrieved November 15, 2007. His quest to find David Livingstone was financed by his paper, the New York Herald. Nothing had been heard of the great explorer since the previous year, when he was somewhere on Lake Tanganyika.
- ^ Robert E. Bartholomew; Benjamin Radford (October 19, 2011). The Martians Have Landed!: A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes. McFarland. pp. 84–85. ISBN 978-0-7864-8671-7.
- ^ Connery, T. B. (June 3, 1893). A Famous Newspaper Hoax, Harper's Weekly, p. 534
- ^ "Jacques S. Halle dies". The Sun. New York. December 2, 1916. p. 5.
- ^ "The Telegram Sold to Scripps-Howard". The New York Times. February 12, 1927.
- ^ Eve Zibart (2010). The Unofficial Guide to New York City. p. 1678. ISBN 978-0470637234.
Last edited on 3 September 2021, at 13:06
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