At the time of founding of The Washington Times
, Washington had only one major newspaper, The Washington Post
. Massimo Introvigne
, in his 2000 book The Unification Church
, said that the Post
had been "the most anti-Unificationist paper in the United States."
In 2002, at an event held to celebrate the Times'
20th anniversary, Moon said: "The Washington Times
is responsible to let the American people know about God" and "The Washington Times
will become the instrument in spreading the truth about God to the world."
The Washington Times
was founded the year after The Washington Star
, the previous "second paper" of D.C., went out of business. A large percentage of the staff came from the Star
. When it launched, it was unusual among American broadsheets
in publishing a full color front page, along with full color front pages in all its sections and color elements throughout. It also used ink that it advertised as being less likely to come off on the reader's hands than the type used by the Post
At its start, it had 125 reporters, 25 percent of whom were members of the Unification Church of the United States
The Washington Times
reporters visited imprisoned South African civil rights
activist Nelson Mandela
during the 1980s. Mandela wrote of them in his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom
: "They seemed less intent on finding out my views than on proving that I was a Communist and a terrorist. All of their questions were slanted in that direction, and when I reiterated that I was neither a Communist nor a terrorist, they attempted to show that I was not a Christian either by asserting that the Reverend Martin Luther King
never resorted to violence."
After a brief editorship under Smith Hempstone
, Arnaud de Borchgrave
(formerly of UPI and Newsweek
) was executive editor from 1985 to 1991.
Borchgrave was credited for encouraging energetic reporting by staff but was known to make unorthodox journalistic decisions. During his tenure, The Washington Times
mounted a fundraising drive for Contra
rebels in Nicaragua
and offered rewards for information leading to the arrest of Nazi war criminals
U.S. President Ronald Reagan
is said to have read The Washington Times
every day during his presidency.
In 1997, he said: "The American people know the truth. You, my friends at The Washington Times
, have told it to them. It wasn't always the popular thing to do. But you were a loud and powerful voice. Like me, you arrived in Washington at the beginning of the most momentous decade of the century. Together, we rolled up our sleeves and got to work. And—oh, yes—we won the Cold War
Wesley Pruden editorship 1992–2008
The Washington Times newsroom
In 1992, North Korean
leader Kim Il Sung
gave his first and only interview with the Western news media to The Washington Times
reporter Josette Sheeran
, who later became Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Programme
At the time, The Washington Times
had one-eighth the circulation of the Post
(100,000 compared to 800,000) and two-thirds of its subscribers subscribed to both papers.
In 1994, it introduced a weekly "national edition" which was published in a tabloid
format and distributed nationwide.
U.S. President George H. W. Bush
encouraged the political influence of The Washington Times
and other Unification movement activism in support of American foreign policy
In 1997, the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,
which is critical of U.S. and Israeli
policies, praised The Washington Times
and its sister publication, The Middle East Times
, for what it called their objective and informative coverage of Islam
and the Middle East
, while criticizing their generally pro-Israel editorial policy. The Report
suggested that these newspapers, being owned by religious institutions, were less influenced by pro-Israel pressure groups in the U.S.
In 2004, Post
columnist David Ignatius
reported that Chung Hwan Kwak
, an important leader in the Unification movement, wanted The Washington Times
to "support international organizations such as the United Nations
and to campaign for world peace and interfaith understanding." This, Ignatius wrote, created difficulties for Pruden and some of the Times'
columnists. Ignatius also mentioned the Unification movement's reconciliatory attitude towards North Korea, which at the time included joint business ventures, and Kwak's advocacy for greater understanding between the U.S. and the Islamic world
as issues of contention. Ignatius predicted that conservatives in Congress and the George W. Bush
administration would support Pruden's position over Kwak's.
In 2006, Moon's son Hyun Jin Moon
, president and CEO of News World Communications, dismissed managing editor Francis "Fran" Coombs because of accusations of racist editorializing. Coombs had made some racist and sexist
comments, for which he was sued by other employees of The Washington Times
John Solomon editorship 2008–2015
The printing and distribution center of The Washington Times
In January 2008, Pruden retired, and John F. Solomon
began as executive editor. Solomon had previously worked for the Associated Press
and had most recently been head of investigative reporting
and mixed media development at the Post
Within a month, The Washington Times
changed some of its style guide
to conform more to what was becoming mainstream media usage. It announced that it would no longer use words like "illegal aliens
" and "homosexual
" and in most cases opt for "more neutral terminology" like "illegal immigrants" and "gay," respectively. It also decided to stop using "Hillary" when referring to Senator Hillary Clinton
, and the word "marriage" in the expression "gay marriage
" would no longer appear in quotes
in the newspaper. These changes in policy drew criticism from some conservatives. Prospect
magazine attributed the Times'
apparent political moderation to differences of opinion over the UN and North Korea, and said: "The Republican
right may be losing its most devoted media ally."
In July 2010, the Unification Church issued a letter protesting the direction The Washington Times
was taking and urging closer ties with it.
In August 2010, a deal was made to sell it to a group more closely related to the movement. Editor-in-chief Sam Dealey
said that this was a welcome development among the Times'
In November 2010, Moon and a group of former editors purchased The Washington Times
from News World Communications for $1. This ended a conflict within the Moon family that had been threatening to shut down the paper completely.
In June 2011, Ed Kelley, formerly of The Oklahoman
, was hired as editor overseeing both news and opinion content.
In 2012, Douglas D. M. Joo stepped down as senior executive, president, and chairman.Times
president Tom McDevitt
took his place as chairman, and Larry Beasley was hired as the company's new president and chief executive officer
Donald Trump campaign and presidency
On January 6, 2021, after violent pro-Trump rioters stormed the United States Capitol
, The Washington Times
published a false story quoting an unidentified retired military officer claiming that the facial recognition system
company XRVision had used its technology and identified two members of Antifa
amid the mob.
XRVision quickly denied this, sending a cease and desist
to The Washington Times
, and issued a statement saying that its technology had actually identified two Neo-Nazis
and a believer in the QAnon conspiracy theory
and that it had not done any detection work for a retired military officer authorized to share that information. On January 7, the article was removed from the website and replaced with a corrected version.
Before the correction, Representative Matt Gaetz
cited the original story as proof that Antifa were partially responsible for the attack in the floor debate of the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count
, and it was widely shared on social media.
In 1991, Moon said he had spent between $900 million and $1 billion on The Washington Times
By 2002, Moon had spent between $1.7 billion and $2 billion according to different estimates.
In November 2009, The New York Times
reported that The Washington Times
would no longer be receiving funds from the Unification movement and might have to cease publication or become an online publication
only. Later that year, it fired 40 percent of its 370 employees and stopped its subscription service, instead distributing the paper free in some areas of Washington, including branches of the government. A subscription website owned by the paper, theconservatives.com, continued, as did the Times'
three-hour radio program
, America's Morning News
The paper announced that it would cease publication of its Sunday edition, along with other changes, partly in order to end its reliance on subsidies from the Unification movement.
On December 31, 2009, The Washington Times
announced that it would no longer be a full-service newspaper, eliminating its metropolitan-news and sports sections.
In March 2011, it announced that some former staffers would be rehired and that the paper would bring back its sports, metro, and life sections.
It had its first profitable month in September 2015, ending the streak of losses in the paper's first 33 years.
During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic
, The Washington Times
received between $1 million and $2 million in federally backed small business loans from Citibank
as part of the Paycheck Protection Program
, which it said would help to retain 91 employees.
The Washington Times
holds a conservative
In 1995, the Columbia Journalism Review
wrote that it "is like no major city daily in America in the way that it wears its political heart on its sleeve. No major paper in America would dare be so partisan."
In 2002, The Washington Post
reported that it "was established by Moon to combat communism
and be a conservative alternative to what he perceived as the liberal
leanings of The Washington Post
. Since then, the paper has fought to prove its editorial independence, trying to demonstrate that it is neither a "Moonie paper" nor a booster of the political right but rather a fair and balanced reporter of the news."
In 2007, Mother Jones
reported that The Washington Times
had become "essential reading for political news junkies" soon after its founding, and described it as a "conservative newspaper with close ties to every Republican administration since Reagan."
In a Harper's Magazine
essay in 2008, American historian Thomas Frank
linked The Washington Times
to the modern American conservative movement, saying: "There is even a daily newspaper—The Washington Times
—published strictly for the movement's benefit, a propaganda
sheet whose distortions are so obvious and so alien that it puts one in mind of those official party organs one encounters when traveling in authoritarian
countries." The New York Times
noted in 2009 that it had been "a crucial training ground for many rising conservative journalists and a must-read for those in the movement. A veritable who's who of conservatives—Tony Blankley
, Frank J. Gaffney Jr.
, Larry Kudlow
, John Podhoretz
and Tony Snow
—has churned out copy for its pages."
The Columbia Journalism Review
noted that reporters for The Washington Times
had used it as a springboard to other mainstream news outlets.
In 2002, Post
veteran Ben Bradlee
said: "I see them get some local stories that I think the Post
doesn't have and should have had."
In January 2011, conservative commentator Paul Weyrich
said: "The Washington Post
became very arrogant and they just decided that they would determine what was news and what wasn't news and they wouldn't cover a lot of things that went on. And The Washington Times
has forced the Post
to cover a lot of things that they wouldn't cover if the Times
wasn't in existence."
Alexander Hunter, designer and editorial illustrator for The Washington Times, has won the 2019 Sigma Delta Chi Award for excellence in journalism from the Society of Professional Journalists.
Thom Loverro, lead sports columnist for The Washington Times, won a Sigma Delta Chi Award for Sports Column Writing in 2014.
In 2013, The Washington Times won two Sigma Delta Chi Awards for excellence in journalism from the Society of Professional Journalists for Deadline Reporting (Daily Circulation of 1–50,000) and Investigative Reporting (Daily Circulation 1–50,000).
Guy Taylor and Dan Boylan, reporters for The Washington Times, won an Honorable Mention for the 31st annual Gerald R. Ford Journalism Prize for Distinguished Reporting on the Presidency.
Some former employees, including Whelan, have insisted that The Washington Times
was always under Moon's control. Whelan, whose contract guaranteed editorial autonomy, left the paper in 1984 when the owners refused to renew the contract.
Three years later, editorial page editor William P. Cheshire and four of his staff resigned, charging that, at the explicit direction of Sang Kook Han, a top official of the Unification movement, then-executive editor Arnaud de Borchgrave
had stifled editorial criticism of political repression in South Korea under President Chun Doo-hwan
In 1982, The Washington Times
refused to publish film critic Scott Sublett's negative review of the movie Inchon
, which was also sponsored by the Unification movement.
In 1988, The Washington Times
published a misleading story suggesting that Democratic presidential candidate Michael Dukakis
had sought psychiatric help, and included a quote from Dukakis' sister-in-law saying "it is possible" he visited a psychiatrist. However,The Washington Times
misleadingly clipped the full quote by the sister-in-law, which was: "It's possible, but I doubt it."
Reporter Peggy Weyrich quit in 1991 after one of her articles about Anita Hill
's testimony in the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nominee hearings
was rewritten to depict Hill as a "fantasizer."
During the presidency of Bill Clinton The Washington Times
reporting on his alleged sex scandals was often picked up other, more respected, news media which contributed to enhanced public awareness of the topic, and eventually to Clinton's impeachment
. In 1999 the Senate voted to acquit Clinton, allowing him to complete his second term as president.
In a 1997 column in The Washington Times
, Frank Gaffney falsely alleged that a seismic
incident in Russia
was a nuclear detonation at that nation's Novaya Zemlya
test site, which would have meant that Russia had violated the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
Subsequent scientific analysis of the Novaya Zemlya event showed that it was a routine earthquake
Reporting on the allegation, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
observed that following its publication: "fax machines
around Washington, D.C. and across the country poured out pages detailing Russian duplicity. They came from Frank Gaffney." The Bulletin
also noted that during the first four months of 1997, Gaffney had "issued more than 25 screeds" against the CTB.
In 2018, The Washington Times
published a commentary piece by retired U.S. Navy admiral James A. Lyons
which promoted conspiracy theories about the murder of Seth Rich
. Lyon wrote that it was "well known in intelligence circles that Seth Rich and his brother, Aaron Rich, downloaded the DNC
emails and was paid by WikiLeaks
for that information."
The piece cited no evidence for the assertion.
Aaron Rich filed a lawsuit against The Washington Times
, saying that it acted with "reckless disregard for the truth" and that it did not retract or remove the piece after "receiving notice of the falsity of the statements about Aaron after the publication".
Rich and The Washington Times
settled their lawsuit, and the paper issued an "unusually robust" retraction.
Climate change denial
During the Climatic Research Unit email controversy
(also known as "Climategate") in 2009 in the lead-up to the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen
, the Times
wrote in an editorial: "these revelations of fudged science should have a cooling effect on global-warming hysteria and the panicked policies that are being pushed forward to address the unproven theory."
Eight committees investigated the controversy and found no evidence of fraud or scientific misconduct. In 2010, the Times
published an article claiming that February 2010 snow storms "Undermin[e] The Case For Global Warming One Flake At A Time".
A 2014 Times
editorial mocked the "global warming scam" and asserted: "The planetary thermometer hasn’t budged in 15 years. Wildfires, tornadoes, hurricanes and other ‘extreme’ weather events are at normal or below-normal levels. Pacific islands aren't submerged. There's so much ice the polar bears are celebrating."
cited a blog post in support of these claims; PolitiFact
fact-checked the claims in the blog post and concluded it was "pants-on-fire" false.
later said that a NASA scientist claimed that global warming was on a "hiatus" and that NASA had found evidence of global cooling
; Rebecca Leber of The New Republic
said that the NASA scientist in question said the opposite of what the Times
In 2015, it published a column by Congressman Lamar Smith
in which he argued that the work of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
was "not good science, [but] science fiction."
In 1993, The Washington Times
published articles purporting to debunk climate change.
It headlined its story about the 1997 Kyoto Protocol
on climate change: "Under the deal, the use of coal, oil and other fossil fuel in the United States would be cut by more than one-third by 2002, resulting in lower standards of living for consumers and a long-term reduction in economic growth."
Ozone depletion denial
In the 1990s, The Washington Times
published columns which cast doubt on the scientific consensus on the causes of ozone depletion
(which had led to an "ozone hole"). It published columns disputing the science as late as 2000.
In 1991, NASA scientists warned of the potential of a major Arctic ozone hole developing in the spring of 1992 due to elevated levels of chlorine monoxide
in the Arctic stratosphere
. However, as the Arctic winter was unusually warm, the chemical reactions needed for ozone depletion did not occur. Even though the science was not incorrect, the Times
, along with other conservative media, subsequently created a "crying wolf
" narrative, where scientists were portrayed as political activists who were following an environmental agenda rather than the science. In 1992, it published an editorial saying: "This is not the disinterested, objective, just-the-facts tone one ordinarily expects from scientists... This is the cry of the apocalyptic, laying the groundwork for a decidedly non-scientific end: public policy... it would be nice if the next time NASA cries 'wolf,' fewer journalists, politicians and citizens heed the warning like sheep."
Second-hand smoke denial
In 1995, The Washington Times
published a column by Fred Singer
, who is known for promoting views contrary to mainstream science on a number of issues, where Singer referred to the science on the adverse health impact of second-hand smoke
as the "second-hand smoke scare" and accused the Environmental Protection Agency
of distorting data when it classified second-hand smoke as harmful.
In 1995, it published an editorial titled "How not to spend science dollars" condemning a grant to the National Cancer Institute to study how political contributions from tobacco companies shape policy-making and the voting behavior of politicians.
Misreporting on the COVID-19 pandemic
In January 2020, The Washington Times
published two widely-shared articles about the COVID-19 pandemic
that suggested that the virus was created by the government of the People's Republic of China as a biological weapon
. One article quoted a former Israeli intelligence officer
as a source.
White nationalism, neo-Confederatism, and racism
Under Pruden's editorship (1992–2008), The Washington Times
regularly printed excerpts from racist hard-right publications including VDARE
and American Renaissance
, and from Bill White
, leader of the American National Socialist
Workers' Party, in its Culture Briefs section. Robert Stacy McCain
, a member of the neo-Confederate
white-supremacist group League of the South
, was hired and promoted to edit the Culture Briefs section, which became, according to Max Blumenthal
, "a bulletin board for the racialist far right." Blumenthal also wrote that The Washington Times
was: "characterized by extreme racial animus and connections to nativist and neo-Confederate organizations... from its earliest days the Times
has been a hothouse for hard-line racialists and neo-Confederates."
In 2013 , the Columbia Journalism Review
reported that under Pruden's editorship The Washington Times
was: "a forum for the racialist hard right, including white nationalists
, neo-Confederates, and anti-immigrant scare mongers."
Between 1998 and 2004, the Times
covered every biennial American Renaissance conference, hosted by the white supremacistNew Century Foundation
. According to the Columbia Journalism Review
, "the paper's coverage of these events—which are hotbeds for holocaust deniers
, and eugenicists
—was stunningly one sided", and favorably depicted the conference and attendees.
In 2009, journalist David Neiwert
wrote that it championed, "various white-nationalist causes emanating from the neo-Confederate movement (with which, until a recent housecleaning, two senior editors had long associations.)"
A page in The Washington Times'
Sunday edition was devoted to the American Civil War
, on which the Confederacy
was several times described with admiration.
In 1993, Pruden gave an interview to the neo-Confederate magazine Southern Partisan
, which has been called "arguably the most important neo-Confederate periodical" by the Southern Poverty Law Center
where he said: "Every year I make sure that we have a story in the paper about any observance of Robert E. Lee's birthday
Pruden said, "And the fact that it falls around Martin Luther King’s birthday," to which a Southern Partisan
interviewer interjected, "Makes it all the better," with Pruden finishing, "I make sure we have a story. Oh, yes."
Samuel T. Francis controversy
The Washington Times
employed Samuel T. Francis
, a white nationalist, as a columnist and editor, beginning in 1991 after he was chosen by Pat Buchanan
to take over his column.
In 1995, Francis resigned or was forced out after Dinesh D'Souza
reported on racist comments that Francis made at a conference hosted by American Renaissance
the previous year.
At the conference, Francis called on whites to: "reassert our identity and our solidarity, and we must do so in explicitly racial terms through the articulation of a racial consciousness as whites... The civilization that we as whites created in Europe and America could not have developed apart from the genetic endowments of the creating people."
Francis was an aide to Republican Senator John East
of North Carolina
before joining the editorial staff of The Washington Times
Five years later, he became a columnist for the newspaper, and his column became syndicated.
In June 1995, editor-in-chief Wesley Pruden
"had cut back on Francis' column" after The Washington Times
ran his essay criticizing the Southern Baptist Convention
for its approval of a resolution which apologized for slavery
In the piece, Francis asserted that "The contrition of the Southern Baptists for slavery and racism is a bit more than a politically fashionable gesture intended to massage race relations"
and that "Neither slavery' nor racism' as an institution is a sin."
A lively controversialist, Francis began with some largely valid complaints about how the Southern heritage is demonized in mainstream culture. He went on, however, to attack the liberal principles of humanism and universalism for facilitating "the war against the white race." At one point he described country music megastar Garth Brooks
as "repulsive" because "he has that stupid universalist song (We Shall Be Free)
, in which we all intermarry." His fellow whites, he insisted, must "reassert our identity and our solidarity, and we must do so in explicitly racial terms through the articulation of a racial consciousness as whites ... The civilization that we as whites created in Europe and America could not have developed apart from the genetic endowments of the creating people, nor is there any reason to believe that the civilization can be successfully transmitted to a different people."
After D'Souza's column was published, Pruden "decided he did not want the Times associated with such views after looking into other Francis writings, in which he advocated the possible deportation of legal immigrants and forced birth control for welfare mothers."
Francis said soon after the firing that
I believe there are racial differences, there are natural differences between the races. I don't believe that one race is better than another. There's reasonably solid evidence for IQ differences
, personality and behavior differences. I understand those things have been taken to justify segregation and white supremacy. That is not my intent.
When Francis died in 2005, The Washington Times
wrote a "glowing" obituary
that omitted his racist beliefs, as well as his firing from the paper, and described him as a "scholarly, challenging and sometimes pungent writer"; in response, editor David Mastio of the conservative Washington Examiner
wrote in an obituary: "Sam Francis was merely a racist and doesn’t deserve to be remembered as anything less."
Mastio added that Francis: "led a double life – by day he served up conservative, red meat that was strong but never quite out of bounds by mainstream standards; by night, unbeknownst to the Times
or his syndicate, he pushed white supremacist ideas."
Southern Poverty Law Center report
The Southern Poverty Law Center
(SPLC) noted that The Washington Times
had, by 2005, published at least 35 articles by Marian Kester Coombs, who was married to managing editor Francis Coombs. She had a record of racially incendiary rhetoric and had written for the white nationalist magazine The Occidental Quarterly
which has been described as a "stalwart" of the alt-right
movement in the United States
and as a "far-right, racially obsessed US magazine."
The SPLC highlighted columns written by Marian Kester Coombs in The Washington Times
, in which she asserted that the whole of human history was "the struggle of ... races"; that non-white immigration is the "importing [of] poverty and revolution" that will end in "the eventual loss of sovereign American territory"; and that Muslims in England "are turning life in this once pleasant land into a misery for its native inhabitants."
Coverage of Barack Obama
In 2008, The Washington Times
published a column by Frank Gaffney that promoted the false conspiracy theories which asserted that President Barack Obama was born in Kenya
and was courting the "jihadist
vote." Gaffney also published pieces in 2009 and 2010 promoting the false assertion that Obama is a Muslim
In a 2009 column entitled "'Inner Muslim' at work in Cairo", Pruden wrote that President Obama was the: "first president without an instinctive appreciation of the culture, history, tradition, common law and literature whence America sprang. The genetic imprint writ large in his 43 predecessors is missing from the Obama DNA."
In another 2009 column, Pruden wrote that Obama had "no natural instinct or blood impulse” for what America was about because he was “sired by a Kenyan
father” and “born to a mother attracted to men of the Third World
These columns stirred controversy, leading The Washington Times
to assign David Mastio, its deputy editor, to edit Pruden's work.
In 2016, The Washington Times
claimed that $3.6 million in federal funds were spent on a 2013 golf outing for President Obama and pro-golfer Tiger Woods
rated the article "mostly false", because the estimated cost included both official presidential travel and a brief vacation in Florida
Ted Nugent controversy
Rock musician Ted Nugent
wrote weekly columns for The Washington Times
between 2010 and 2012.
Prior to joining the Times
, Nugent stirred controversy by referring to President Obama as a "piece of shit" and calling on him "to suck on my machine gun",
and had also pledged fealty to the Confederate flag
In 2012, Nugent was visited by the Secret Service
after he alluded to beheading President Obama.
He said that if Obama would win re-election: "I will either be dead or in jail by this time next year."
At the time, Mitt Romney
's presidential campaign condemned Nugent's remarks; Post
media critic Erik Wemple
noted that there was no response by The Washington Times
In 2014, Nugent (who had by then departed from the Times) called Obama a "communist-educated, communist-nurtured subhuman mongrel
That February, Nugent had endorsed Greg Abbott
in the Republican primary election for Texas Governor
. Abbott distanced himself from Nugent saying, "This is not the kind of language I would use or endorse in any way."
After being further chastised about it by Senator Rand Paul
, Nugent apologized for the comment.
Pruden condemned Nugent's remarks, describing Nugent as an "aging rock musician with a loose mouth who was semifamous 40 years ago." David Weigel
remarked in Slate
: "That long ago? Only a year ago, he filed a special column for the Washington Times
. Before that, for a few years, he published a weekly column."
Gaffney, known for his "long history of pushing extreme anti-Muslim views", wrote weekly columns for The Washington Times
from the late 1990s to 2016.
According to John Esposito
, a Professor of Religion and International Affairs and of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University
, Gaffney's "editorial track record in the Washington Times
is long on accusation and short on supportive evidence."
In columns for the Times
, Gaffney helped to popularize conspiracy theories that Islamic terrorists were infiltrating the Bush administration, the conservative movement and the Obama administration.
In 2015, the Times
published a column describing refugees fleeing the Syrian Civil War
as an "Islamic Trojan Horse
" conducting a "'jihad' by another name."
The Muslim advocacy group Council on American–Islamic Relations
listed The Washington Times
among media outlets it said "regularly demonstrates or supports Islamophobic themes."
In 1998, the Egyptian newspaper Al-Ahram
wrote that its editorial policy was "rabidly anti-Arab
, anti-Muslim and pro-Israel."
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