, formerly Henchir-Tina
, is a town and commune in the Sfax Governorate
. As of 2004 it had a population of 26,635.
It is located on the coast about 12 km (7 mi) south of Sfax
Thyna is located in the area of the Roman city
) of Thenae
. It is the most important archaeological site in the vicinity of Sfax. Thyna was the southernmost city in the Roman Province of Africa
and became a colony under the Emperor Hadrian
(117-138). Little remains on the site, but traces can be seen of Roman villas, bath-houses, an early Christian
basilica, a necropolis
, and tannery. The town was considered to be on the frontier between the Carthaginian
territory and the Berber
kingdom of Numidia
. Many objects, including some of the mosaics
, have been removed to the museum at Sfax.
The main point of interest is the "Baths of the Months"; the mosaics here are intact but largely covered with sand. Nearby is a smaller bath house, and parts of the walls of the Roman town can still be traced. A temple has been excavated as well as some dwellings beside a Roman street.
The town is traversed by the RN1 which connects Sfax to Gabès
. The town has an industrial area that was built in 1999, and to the west lies the Sfax-Thyna International Airport. There are salt mines nearby extending over an area of about 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres) and producing 300,000 tonnes of salt a year. On the coast are saltmarshes which are visited by large numbers of migrating water birds.