is an informal term used in Latin America to refer to places with a distinctly tropical climate
. These are usually regions from sea level from 0–3,000 feet.
The Peruvian geographer Javier Pulgar Vidal used the altitude of 1,000 m as the border between the tropical rain forest and the subtropical cloud forest (Yunga fluvial
Most tierra caliente regions are along coastal plains, but some interior basin regions also fit the label. Agriculture
in those areas is dominated tropical crops, such as bananas
and sugar cane