(Spanish for temperate land
) is a pseudo-climatological term used in Latin America to refer to places which are either located in the tropics
at a moderately high elevation or are marginally outside the astronomical tropics, producing a somewhat cooler overall climate
than that found in the tropical lowlands, the zone of which is known as the tierra caliente
In countries situated close to the equator
, the tierra templada
typically has an elevation span of between 750 to 1,850 metres (2,460 to 6,070 ft).
These thresholds become lower as the latitude
increases. The Peruvian geographer Javier Pulgar Vidal used following altitudes:
- 1,000 m as the border between the tropical rainforest and the subtropical cloud forest
- 2,300 m as the end of the subtropical cloud forest (Yunga fluvial)
- 3,500 m as the treeline
- 4,800 m as the puna end
- Köppen climate classification
- Altitudinal zonation
- Tierra caliente, ecoregion border, 2,500 ft or 1,000 m (Javier Pulgar Vidal)
- Tierra fría, ecoregion border, 6,000 ft or 2,300 m (Javier Pulgar Vidal)
- Tierra helada, ecoregion border, treeline: 12,000 ft or 3,500 m (Javier Pulgar Vidal)
- Hill station
- ^ a b c "Altitude zones of Mexico". Geomexico. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
- ^ Schütt, Brigitta (2005). "Azonale Böden und Hochgebirgsböden" (PDF) (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-27.
- ^ Zech, W; Hintermaier-Erhard, G (2002). Böden der Welt – Ein Bildatlas (in German). Heidelberg. p. 98.
- ^ Christopher, Salter; Hobbs, Joseph; Wheeler, Jesse; Kostbade, J. Trenton (2005). Essentials of World Regional Geography (2nd ed.). New York: Harcourt Brace. pp. 464–465.
- ^ "Middle America: Altitudinal Zonation". Archived from the original on 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- ^ Pulgar Vidal, Javier (1941). "Las ocho regiones naturales del Perú". Boletín del Museo de historia natural "Javier Prado" (in Spanish). Lima. 17 (especial): 145–161.
- ^ "Mexico". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
Last edited on 22 April 2021, at 06:57
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