Timeline of the Arab Spring
On 11 February, the President of Egypt
Hosni Mubarak resigned, and transferred his powers to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
On 15 March, uprisings began in Syria.
Between 20 and 28 August, the Battle of Tripoli
, occurred, in Libya
. Rebel forces captured, and effectively gained control of, the capital city of Tripoli, therefore practically overthrowing the government of the dictator Muammar Gaddafi
On 9 and 10 October, Coptic Christians
in Egypt protested against the destruction of a church. The Army responded by attacking the protesters with tanks, killing many.
Between 19 and 21 November, many people once again protested in Cairo's Tahrir Square, demanding that the SCAF speed up the transition to a more civilian government. Clashes between protesters and soldiers then proceeded to happen, and many people were injured or killed.
On 20 December, many women protested in Egypt against human rights violations.
On 10 January, the President of Syria
, Bashar al-Assad
, gave a speech, in which he blamed the uprising on foreigners, and said that it would require the co-operation of all Syrians, in order to stop the rebels.
On 27 February, the President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, officially resigned, and then transferred his powers to his Vice President, Abd Rabbuh Mansur Al-Hadi
On 20 April, many people once again protested in Cairo's Tahrir Square, demanding a quicker transfer of power to a new President.
On 2 June, the former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison, by an Egyptian court.
On 13 June, the former Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was sentenced to prison, by a Tunisian court.
On 16 & 17 June, the Egyptian people voted in the 2nd round of a presidential run-off election, in which Mohammed Morsi
received the most votes.
On 24 June 2012, Egypt
's election commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood
candidate Mohammed Morsi
had won Egypt's presidential runoff. Morsi won by a narrow margin over Ahmed Shafiq
, the last prime minister under deposed leader Hosni Mubarak
. The commission said Morsi took 51.7 percent of the vote versus 48.3 for Shafiq.
On 12 July, the Syrian army carried out a massacre
in the Village of Tremseh. Up to 225 people were killed.
Starting on 27 July, government forces and rebels began fighting a battle to capture Syria's largest city, Aleppo
. The UN
reports that over 200,000 Syrian refugees have now fled the country, ever since the fighting began.
In late September, the Free Syrian Army
moved its command headquarters from southern Turkey into rebel-controlled areas of northern Syria.
On 22 November 2012 Egyptian protests
started, with hundreds of thousands of protesters demonstrating against Egyptian
president Mohammed Morsi
, after he granted himself unlimited powers to “protect” the nation,
and the power to legislate
without judicial oversight or review of his acts.
Egyptian government resigns, paving way for military chief Sisi to run for president
By country or region
- ^ Nebehay, Stephanie. "Most Houla victims killed in summary executions: U.N." Reuters. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- ^ "Rebel Group Says It Is Now Based in Syria, a Major Step". New York Times. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- ^ "Syrian rebels claim control of strategic town". Al Jazeera. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- ^ Di Giovanni, JANINE (18 October 2012). "Denial Is Slipping Away as War Arrives in Damascus". New York Times. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- ^ McCrumen, Stephanie; Hauslohner, Abigail (5 December 2012). "Egyptians take anti-Morsi protests to presidential palace". The Independent. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- ^ Hendawi, Hamza (28 November 2012). "Egyptian courts suspend work to protest Morsi decrees". Salon. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- ^ Dina Bishara (28 November 2012). "Egyptian Labor between Morsi and Mubarak". Mideast. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- ^ David D. Kirkpatrick (26 April 2012). "President Mohamed Morsi of Egypt Said to Prepare Martial Law Decree". The New York Times. Egypt. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- ^ "(CBS)". 25 January 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- ^ Lynch, Sarah (25 January 2013). "7 killed in Egypt protests on uprising anniversary". USA Today. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- ^ (Reuters) (BBC)
- ^ "Syria death toll probably at 70,000, U.N. human rights official says". CNN. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- ^ "(Fox News)". Fox News. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- ^ Washington Post
- ^ "Associated Press". The Big Story. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- ^ George Mitchell, ed. (1978). Architecture of the Islamic World. Thames and Hudson. page 231.
- ^ "Syria clashes destroy ancient Aleppo minaret". bbc.co.uk. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- ^ Minaret of historic Syrian mosque destroyed in Aleppo. The Guardian. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- ^ Saad, Hwaida; Gladstone, Rick (24 April 2013). "Storied Syrian Mosque's Minaret Is Destroyed". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
- ^ "Syrian army retakes key town of Qusair from rebels". BBC. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- ^ "France says 'at least 281' killed in Syria chemical attack". The Daily Star. Lebanon. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- ^ "Bodies still being found after alleged Syria chemical attack: opposition". The Daily Star. Lebanon. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- ^ Syria conflict: Rebels evacuated from Old City of Homs (BBC). 7 May 2014
Last edited on 10 December 2020, at 22:07
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