was first printed on Toronto World
presses, and at its formation, The World
owned a 51 percent interest in it
as a silent partner
That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean
, The World'
s proprietor, was considering selling the Star
to the Riordon family.[a]
After an extensive fundraising campaign among the Star
staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken.
Atkinson was the Star'
s editor from 1899 until his death in 1948.
The newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regime
saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany
a "radical" in the best sense of that term.... The Star
was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King
, the prime minister
, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy.
Atkinson became the controlling shareholder
of the Star
was frequently criticized for practising the yellow journalism
of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the Star
published a weekend supplement, the Star Weekly
Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition.
In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the Charitable Gifts Act
barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses,
that effectively required the Star
to be sold.[c]
Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social, scientific and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views.
The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario
to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles":
- A strong, united and independent Canada
- Social justice
- Individual and civil liberties
- Community and civic engagement
- The rights of working people
- The necessary role of government
Descendants of the original owners, known as "the five families",[d]
still control the voting shares of Torstar
and the Atkinson Principles continue to guide the paper to this day. In February 2006, Star
media columnist Antonia Zerbisias
wrote on her blog:
Besides, we are the Star
which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, and they almost always work in favour of building a better Canada.
Involvement with broadcasting
From 1922 to 1933, the Star
was also a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA
, broadcasting on a wavelength
of 400 metres
(749.48 kHz), whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting.
The station was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission
(CRBC) and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an effective radiated power
of 100 watts
would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station—which later became CBC station CBL
—an arrangement that lasted until 1946.
1970s to present
On May 28, 2007, the Star
unveiled a redesigned paper that features larger type, narrower pages, fewer and shorter articles, renamed sections, more prominence to local news, and less so to international news, columnists, and opinion pieces.
However, on January 1, 2009, the Star
reverted to its previous format. Star P.M.
, a free newspaper in PDF
format that could be downloaded from the newspaper's website each weekday afternoon, was discontinued in October 2007, thirteen months after its launch.
On January 15, 2016, Torstar confirmed the closure of its Vaughan printing presses and that it would outsource printing to Transcontinental Printing
, leading to the layoff of all 285 staff at the plant as Transcontinental has its own existing facility, also in Vaughan.
In April 2018, the Toronto Star
expanded its local coverage of Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Halifax with rebranded daily newspapers, previously known as Metro
, as StarMetro
, which was a joint venture between Torstar (90%) and Swedish media company Metro International
In October 2018, the Toronto Star
, a political news outlet.
On December 20, 2019, all StarMetro
editions ceased publication amid the popularity and resultant growth of news apps on mobile devices. Local coverage once again became restricted to the Golden Horseshoe
The Star brand
Like its competitor The Globe and Mail
, the Star
covers "a spectrum of opinion that is best described as urban and Central Canadian
" in character. The Star
is generally centrist and centre-left
, and is more socially liberal
than The Globe and Mail
The paper has aligned itself over the years with the progressive "Atkinson principles" named for publisher Joseph E. Atkinson
who was editor and publisher of the paper for 50 years.
These principles included social justice
and social welfare provision
, as well as individual rights
and civil liberties
In 1984, scholar Wilfred H. Kesterton described the Star
as "perpetually indignant" because of its social consciousness.
When Atkinson's son Joseph Story Atkinson became president of the Star
in 1957, he said, "From its inception in 1892, the Star has been a champion of social and economic reform, a defender of minority rights, a foe of discrimination, a friend of organized labour and a staunch advocate of Canadian nationhood."
Another of the "Atkinson principles" has been a "strong, united and independent Canada"; in a 1927 editorial, the paper wrote, "We believe in the British connection as much as anybody does but on a self-respecting basis of equality, of citizenship, and not on the old basis of one country belonging to the other."
The paper was historically wary of American influence,
and during the debates over the North American Free Trade Agreement
, the paper was frequently critical of free trade
and expressed concerns about Canadian sovereignty.
The paper has been traditionally supportive of official bilingualism
and maintaining Canadian unity in opposition to Quebec separatism
In the 1980s, Michael Farber
wrote in the Montreal Gazette
that the Star'
s coverage was Toronto-centric to the point that any story was said to carry an explanation as to "What it means to Metro
Conversely, Canadian sociologist Elke Winter wrote in 2011 that the Toronto Star
was less "Toronto-centric" than its rival, The Globe and Mail
, writing that the Star
"consciously reports for and from Canada's most multicultural city" and catered to a diverse readership.
paperboy in Whitby
is one of the few Canadian newspapers that employs a "public editor
) and was the first to do so. Its newsroom policy and journalistic standards guide is also published online.
Other notable features include:
optional supplements on Saturday and Sunday include Starweek (television listings and episode summaries), abridged version of The New York Times
international section, New York Times
Crosswords, editorials, and book reviews). Starweek and The New York Times
supplements require separate additional payment)
states that it favours an inclusive, "big tent
" approach, not wishing to attract one group of readers at the expense of others. It publishes special sections for Chinese New Year
and Gay Pride Week
, along with regular features on real estate (including condominiums), individual neighbourhoods (and street name etymologies), shopping, cooking, dining, alcoholic beverages (right down to having an exclusive on the anti-competitive practices of the Beer Store
that led to major reforms on the sale of alcohol in Ontario
grocery stores in 2015 by Premier Kathleen Wynne
and Ed Clark
), automobiles (as Wheels), and travel destinations.
The advent of the National Post
in 1998 shook up the Toronto newspaper market.
In the upheaval that followed, editorial spending increased and there was much turnover of editors and publishers.
the Toronto Star
purchased a majority stake in Sing Tao's Canadian newspaper Sing Tao Daily
, which it jointly owns with Sing Tao News Corporation
. Sing Tao Daily
encountered controversy in April 2008, after media watchers discovered the paper had altered a translated Toronto Star
article about the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games
protests to adhere to Chinese government's official line.Sing Tao'
s then-editor Wilson Chan was fired over this.
In October 2012, the Star
announced its intention to implement a paywall
on its website, thestar.com,
which was made effective on August 13, 2013. Readers with daily home delivery had free access to all its digital content. Those without a digital subscription can view up to ten articles a month.
The paywall does not apply to its sister sites, such as wheels.ca (automotive news and classifieds) or Workopolis
(career search). However, during late 2013, the Star
announced that it would end its paywall, which it did on April 1, 2015.
In June 2018, the Star
announced it was implementing a paywall again.
Star Touch and ePaper apps
On September 15, 2015, the Toronto Star
released the Toronto Star Touch tablet app, which was a free interactive news app with interactive advertisements. It was discontinued in 2017. At launch, it was only available for the iPad
, which uses iOS
. Based on a similar app for Montreal-based La Presse
released in 2013, Star Touch is the first such app for any English-language news organization, quality-wise.
In slightly over 50 days since launch, the app had reached the 100,000-download milestone.
version was launched on December 1, 2015.
The iOS version is rated 12+ by Apple's App Store guidelines
and the Android version is rated Mature 17+ by the Entertainment Software Rating Board
Toronto Star Touch was replaced by ePaper.
The latter, a digital copy of the print version of the Star, is a "universal app" available for both Android and iOS smartphones and tablets.
Closing of printing plants
On January 15, 2016, the Toronto Star
announced it would close its printing plant in Vaughan and outsource all print production starting in July 2016. The newspaper said the closure was effected, so it could better focus on its digital outlets.
Internship program suspension
In February 2018, the Toronto Star
suspended its internship program indefinitely to cut its costs.
a source of Canada's next generation of journalists, the paid positions were seen[by whom?]
as a vital part of the national industry, and their suspension, a sign of its continuing decline.
2020 sale to NordStar Capital
On May 26, 2020, the board
voted to sell the company to NordStar Capital, an investment firm, for CA$
52 million—making Torstar a privately held company
The deal was expected to be approved by Torstar's shareholders
and to close by the end of 2020.
Canadian Modern Media Holdings made an offer of $58 million on July 9, 2020;
NordStar subsequently increased its offer to $60 million, effectively ending the bidding war.
A vast majority of shareholders subsequently voted in favour of the deal.
The takeover was approved by an Ontario judge on July 27, 2020.
An appeal of the judgement by another prospective purchaser failed on July 31 when Ontario Superior Court Justice Michael Penny dismissed the motion.
The deal was expected to close during the following week.
personalities (past and present)
Presidents and CEOs of Torstar
Journalists and columnists
Office locations of the Toronto Star
The Toronto Star
has been located at several addresses from 1892 to 1970.
- ^ Owners of the Riordon Pulp and Paper Company, and investors in The Hamilton Spectator, Toronto Mail and the Toronto Evening News.
- ^ The Charitable Gifts Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.8 , repealed in 2009 by the Good Government Act, 2009, S.O. 2009, c. 33, Sch. 2
- ^ But the Act's repeal in 2009 did not mean that charities in Ontario could then set up for-profit companies or pursue business activities.
- ^ The Atkinson, Hindmarsh, Campbell, Honderich and Thall families
- ^ "Toronto Star endorses the NDP". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- ^ "But vote strategically". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- ^ "World Newspapers and Magazines: Canada". Worldpress.org. 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- ^ "Star's choice: Dion, Liberals". Toronto Star. October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
- ^ "Toronto Star Media Kit" (PDF). News Media Canada. Retrieved March 7, 2020. Numbers are based on the total circulation (print plus digital editions).
- ^ "Toronto Star". The Canadian Encyclopedia. July 21, 2009.
- ^ "Circulation Report: Daily Newspapers 2015""(PDF). Newspapers Canada. June 2016.
- ^ "Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- ^ "Torstar Corporation Announces Dismissal of Stay Motion in Connection with Arrangement with NordStar Capital LP". Financial Times. July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020. he Ontario Superior Court of Justice (Divisional Court) has dismissed a motion for a stay of the final order
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 14, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "The Toronto Star | Canadian newspaper". Britannica.com. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "Profile – Hocken, Horatio Clarence". Parlinfo. Parliament of Canada. Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ Archer 1947, pp. 4–5.
- ^ Archer 1947, pp. 5–6.
- ^ Otto, Stephen A. (2005). "Larkin, Peter Charles". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- ^ "History of the Toronto Star". thestar.com. September 23, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
- ^ "A Canadian Observer". Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre.
- ^ Phillips, Andrew (November 1, 2017). "125 years of speaking out". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- ^ "Bienvenue au site Web Bibliothèque et Archives Canada / Welcome to the Library and Archives Canada website". Collections Canada. August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- ^ James H. Marsh (1999). The Canadian Encyclopedia. p. 2368. ISBN 9780771020995. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
- ^ Powell, Betsy (November 6, 2002). "Atkinson's will kept Star's resolve". Toronto Star. Toronto. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- ^ Bourgeois, Donald. "The Charitable Gifts Act: A Commentary". Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- ^ Lazier, Kate; Manwaring, Susan M. (December 2009). "Ontario Government passes Good Government Act that includes positive changes for charities" (PDF). Miller Thomson.
- ^ Martin, Sandra (November 8, 2005). "Beland Honderich, 86". The Globe and Mail.
- ^ "Atkinson Principles". Torstar. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- ^ "Information Circular" (PDF). Torstar. March 1, 2016. pp. 3–5.
- ^ Zerbisias, Antonia (February 20, 2006). "Kartoon Kontroversy Kontinues". Archived from the original on March 23, 2006. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- ^ "The old Toronto Star Building (demolished)". March 28, 2016.
- ^ a b c Plummer, Kevin (March 22, 2014). "Historicist: An Invisible Giant". torontoist.com.
- ^ "Torstar's Vaughan Press Centre celebrates 20th anniversary". Toronto Star.
- ^ Kuntz, J. Fred (May 28, 2007). "You spoke, we listened: Here are the changes". Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- ^ "Torstar to sell printing plant in Vaughan, close to 300 jobs affected". toronto.citynews.ca.
- ^ "Torstar hiring 20 reporters as it rebrands and revamps Metro Urban dailies across Canada". Financial Post. The Canadian Press.
- ^ Healing, Dan. "StarMetro? Toronto Star publisher rebranding free daily newspapers across Canada – cites appetite for 'progressive voice'". Calgary Herald. The Canadian Press. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
- ^ Popplewell, Brett. "Inside the Toronto Star's Bold Plan to Save Itself". The Walrus. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
- ^ "Tortar signs agreement to purchase political website iPolitics". CBC. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
- ^ "Torstar to purchase iPolitics media outlet". Cision. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
- ^ "Torstar shutting down StarMetro papers across Canada". CityNews. Rogers Digital Media. November 19, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- ^ "Toronto Star shutting down StarMetro newspapers". CBC.ca. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 19, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- ^ "Toronto Star Building". The Skyscraper Center.
- ^ a b c Elke Winter, Us, Them and Others: Pluralism and National Identities in Diverse Societies (University of Toronto Press, 2011), p. 96.
- ^ a b c Kenyon Wallace, How the Star is making its political endorsements more transparent, Toronto Star (May 26, 2018).
- ^ a b c d e f Tamar Harris, Through constant change, Atkinson Principles endure, Toronto Star (November 4, 2017).
- ^ Perrella, Andrea M.L. (1995). Guy Lachapelle (ed.). "Editorials and the Free Trade Agenda: Comparison of Law Press and the Toronto Star Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America". Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America. Presses de l'Université du Québec: 276–79.
- ^ Farber, Michael (August 27, 1985). "Stock deal ends talk of takeover". Montreal Gazette. p. A-3.
- ^ a b Kathy English, Why do newspapers endorse?, Toronto Star (October 11, 2008).
- ^ "Toronto Star endorses the NDP". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- ^ "But vote strategically". Toronto Star. April 30, 2011. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014.
- ^ "Toronto Star endorses Liberal leader Justin Trudeau for prime minister". Toronto Star. October 9, 2015.
- ^ "Liberals are the best choice for Canada". Toronto Star. October 16, 2019.
- ^ "The Star's choices for Toronto mayor: George Smitherman". Toronto Star. October 17, 2010.
- ^ "John Tory is the best choice to lead Toronto: Editorial". Toronto Star. October 21, 2014.
- ^ "John Tory is the best choice for Toronto now". Toronto Star. October 19, 2018.
- ^ "Toronto Star Newsroom Policy and Journalistic Standards Guide". Toronto Star. December 7, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- ^ "A stroll through Guildwood is like a 'walk through history'". Toronto Star. July 2, 2015.
- ^ "As the Globe turns – Macleans.ca". Macleans. July 9, 2009. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- ^ Orth, Maureen. "Black Mischief". The Hive. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- ^ "Newspapers in Canada". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- ^ a b "Lost in Translation". Toronto Life. August 2008. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- ^ "Star Media Group". Torstar Corporation. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- ^ Offman, Craig (June 17, 2015). "The making of Michael Chan". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- ^ "The Star to launch digital subscription". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Toronto Star launches digital subscriptions: Publisher". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Toronto Star moving behind paywall". CBC News. August 13, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- ^ "Note to Readers: Star to end paid digital subscriptions on April 1". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Registration". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Toronto Star makes news with innovative Star Touch tablet app". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Toronto Star Touch hits 100,000 downloads. Have you tried it?". Toronto Star.
- ^ "Toronto Star Touch launches on Android". Toronto Star.
- ^ "iTunes".
- ^ "Google".
- ^ "Toronto Star launches new app for tablets replacing Star Touch". Cambridge Times.
- ^ "Toronto Star Shutters Star Touch, lays off 30 staff". FinancialPost. June 28, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ Sagan, Aleksandra (June 26, 2017). "Toronto Star To Shutter $20-Million Tablet App". HuffPost. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ Sagan, Aleksandra (January 15, 2016). "Torstar lays off more than 300 production, editorial staff, selling staff". Toronto Sun.
- ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- ^ "Daily Newspaper Circulation Data". News Media Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2017. Figures refer to the total circulation (print and digital combined) which includes paid and unpaid copies.
- ^ "Toronto Star Suspending Internship Programs Indefinitely". Canadaland.
- ^ "Why the Toronto Star internship program was unique". J-Source. February 21, 2018.
- ^ The Canadian Press (May 26, 2020). "Torstar agrees to $52M sale to NordStar Capital". CBC News. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- ^ "Torstar to be sold, taken private in $52-million deal". Toronto.com. May 26, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ a b "Surprise $60-million bid from NordStar locks up acquisition of Torstar". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- ^ "Shareholders have given a proposed $60 million takeover of the Toronto Star's publisher their seal of approval". St Catharines Standard. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
- ^ "Judge approves NordStar's $60-million takeover of Torstar – The Globe and Mail". www.theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- ^ "Torstar Corporation Announces Dismissal of Stay Motion in Connection with Arrangement with NordStar Capital LP". Financial Times. July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
- ^ "NordStar takeover of Toronto Star publisher cleared to go ahead early next week". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
- ^ A collection of Hemingway's work in the Star was published as Dateline: Toronto
- ^ Hughes, Kim (May 18, 2008). "The soundtrack of a generation". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- ^ Hughes, Kim (July 8, 2007). "They loved, lusted, lost". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- ^ "Harper finds new communication director in ranks of ethnic media". The Globe and Mail. August 31, 2011. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011.
- ^ Gordon, Cameron. "Toronto's Star... Ben Rayner In a rockcritics.com interview". Rockcritics.com. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- ^ "Ben Rayner". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- ^ "History of the Toronto Star". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
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- Harkness, Ross (1963). J.E. Atkinson of the Star. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. OCLC 1402965.
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Last edited on 4 May 2021, at 23:50
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