Transitional Military Council (2019)
Structure and Members
On 20 August 2019, the Sovereignty Council
was established, officially dissolving the TMC and transferring power to the new council.
The Council's media spokesman is Major General
Shams Ad-din Shanto.
Some of the Council's other known members were General
a former deputy director of security,
Lieutenant General Al-Tayeb Babakr Ali Fadeel, who led the public order police,
and Lieutenant General Omar Zain al-Abidin served as the leader of the junta's "political committee."
All three tendered their resignations on 24 April.
General Gamal Omar
of the TMC commented publicly on the 30 June 2019 mass demonstrations, attributing the responsibility for ten deaths to the protest organisers.
3 June 2019 Khartoum massacre
On 3 June 2019, the TMC's security forces, including the Rapid Support Forces
(RSF) led by TMC deputy leader Hemeti, killed about 100 civilians and injured hundreds of others in the Khartoum massacre
. The Sudanese Professionals Association
(SPA) described the TMC leaders as being "deep to their knees in the blood of the innocent in Darfur, Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile, in addition to Khartoum and other cities and towns" and organised a 3-day general strike
Negotiations and power transfer
April–June negotiations with civil society
Major General Shanto, in a press conference on 14 April, stated that the Council was inviting the opposition
to name a civilian government
(except for the Ministries of Defense and Interior)
and a prime minister
to lead it,
which the junta would then "implement".
Planned power transfer to Sovereignty Council
On 5 July 2019, the TMC and the FFC agreed on a Sudanese transition to democracy
deal, including an 11-member sovereign council with five military members, five civilian members, and one civilian chosen by consensus; a civilian cabinet; a legislative council; an investigation into the Khartoum massacre
and related events; and a legal team to formalise the plan.
The new Sovereignty Council would be led by a military person for 21 months and by a civilian for 18 months.
On 7 July, al-Burhan, head of the TMC, stated on television that in the context of the transition deal, the TMC would be dissolved.
On 4 August, the TMC, represented by Hemetti, and the FFC, represented by Ahmed Rabee, signed the Draft Constitutional Declaration,
which states 70 legal articles defining the transfer of power from the TMC to the Sovereignty Council
and other transitional state bodies
The signing of the Draft Constitutional Declaration received wide international attention.
Attempted anti-TMC coups d'état
The TMC claimed several times during 2019 that a coup d'état attempt had been foiled and that those responsible had been arrested.
As of 25 July 2019, the TMC had not named the alleged coup plotters of the first four coup attempts.
On 25 July, the TMC stated that a combined military-Islamist coup attempt had occurred. The TMC stated that it had arrested the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Lieutenant-General Hashim Abdel Muttalab Ahmed; Major-General Nasr al-Din Abdel Fattah; former Foreign Minister, Ali Ahmed Karti
; the commander of the Central District, Major-General Bahar Ahmed; former Minister of Minerals, Kamal Abdel Latif; and Secretary-General of "the Islamic Movement", Zubair Ahmed al-Hassan.
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- ^ a b c d "Sudanese army thwarts coup attempt, arrests its chief of staff". Sudan Tribune. 24 July 2019. Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
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Last edited on 22 March 2021, at 00:18
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