has a number of international airports to service its sizable tourist trade. Tunis
is the center of the transport system as the largest city having the largest port and a light transit system.
Tunisia inherited much of its rail transport system from the French and the Tunisian Government has developed infrastructure further. The railways are operated by the Société Nationale de Chemins de Fer Tunisiens
(SNCFT), the Tunisian national railway.
A modernisation program is currently underway. It has a total of 2,152 km consisting of 468 km of 1,435 mm (4 ft 81
in) standard gauge
railways and 1,674 kilometres of 1,000 mm (3 ft 33
in) metre gauge
. Tunis has a light rail system. In the south of Tunisia, there is a narrow gauge railway called the Sfax-Gafsa Railway
which delivers phosphates and iron ore to the harbour at Sfax
. Tunisia has rail links with the neighbouring country of Algeria
via the Ghardimaou
line, and another connection to Tébessa
, however, the latter link is currently not used.
There are no railways yet in neighbouring Libya
though some are under construction in 2008; some gauge conversion
would be required for efficient connections.
Tunisia has an extensive pipeline network including 3,059 km of gas pipelines, 1,203 kilometres of oil pipeline and 345 km of refined products. Petrochemicals are Tunisia's third most important export despite the small size of its oil and gas fields as compared to Libya and Algeria. It also gets a royalty rate of 5 per cent on the Algerian gas that runs through Tunis to Sicily
through the Trans-Mediterranean gas pipeline
. (IPR Strategic Business Information Database, 18 Dec 2003) Libya's National Oil Corporation
formed a joint venture with Societe Tunisienne de l'Electricite et du Gaz
to construct a national gas
pipeline between the two countries. (Petroleum Economist, Dec 2003 v70 i12 p43(1))