Major localities in the Triangle
Triangle map showing urban areas in red
A view of Tayibe
, the largest city of the Southern Triangle.
The Triangle is further divided into the "Northern Triangle" or Wadi Ara
(around Kafr Qara
, Baqa al-Gharbiyye
and Umm al-Fahm
) and the Southern Triangle (around Qalansawe
, Kafr Qasim
, Kafr Bara
). Umm al-Fahm and Tayibe are the social, cultural and economic centers for Arab residents of the region. The Triangle is a stronghold of the Islamic Movement in Israel
and Raed Salah
, the current leader of the movement's northern faction, is a former mayor of Umm al-Fahm
History and status
Prior to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
and Israel's establishment and sovereignty over the Kafr Qasim, Jaljulia and Kafr Bara area, it was referred to as the "Little Triangle" to differentiate it from the larger "Triangle" region between Jenin
, and Nablus
The region was originally designated to fall under Jordanian
jurisdiction, but while negotiating the 1949 Armistice Agreements
, Israel insisted on having it within its side of the Green Line, due to military and strategic reasons. To achieve this, a territorial swap was negotiated, ceding the Israeli territory in the southern hills of Hebron
in exchange for the Triangle villages in Wadi Ara
The term was later expanded to include the entire area around Wadi Ara (the Northern Triangle of today) and the "Little" appendage quickly fell out of common use.
Populations as of 2019 are as follows:
- Umm al-Fahm: 56,109
- Tayibe: 43,957
- Baqa al-Gharbiyye: 29,950
- Ar'ara: 25,245
- Kafr Qasim: 23,823
- Qalansawe: 23,143
- Kafr Qara: 19,018
- Jaljulia: 10,148
- Zemer: 7,094
- Kafr Bara: 3,678
Involuntary loss of citizenship
The Triangle Communities consist of Kafr Qara, Ar’ara, Baha al-Gharbiyye, Umm al Fahm, Qalansawe, Tayibe, Kafr Qasim, Tira, Kafr Bara and Jaljulia. These communities, which largely self-identify as Palestinian, were originally designated to fall under Jordanian control during the negotiations of the Armistice Line of 1949, but ultimately were retained by Israel for military reasons that have since been mitigated. The Vision contemplates the possibility, subject to agreement of the parties that the borders of Israel will be redrawn such that the Triangle Communities become part of the State of Palestine. In this agreement, the civil rights of the residents of the triangle communities would be subject to the applicable laws and judicial rulings of the relevant authorities.
In a July 2000 survey conducted by Kul al-Arab
among 1,000 residents of Umm al-Fahm, 83 percent of respondents opposed the idea of transferring their city to Palestinian jurisdiction.
- ^ Report: Netanyahu suggested to US that Arab Israeli towns be placed in Palestine, Times of Israel, 4 February 2020
- ^ Hillel Cohen (6 January 2010). Good Arabs: The Israeli Security Agencies and the Israeli Arabs, 1948–1967. University of California Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-520-94488-6. ... the villages of Wadi Ara (the area called the northern Triangle)...
- ^ Yisrael Ya'akov Yuval, "Where is the Green Line", Two Thousand, Vol. 29, no. 971, 2005 (in Hebrew)
- ^ Akiva Eldar (21 July 2006). "What is the Green Line". Haaretz (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 5 June 2011.
- ^ "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- ^ Fadi Eyadat (12 March 2007). "New poll shows 68.4% of Israeli Jews fear Israeli Arab uprising". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- ^ File:Peace to Prosperity.pdf
- ^ Kul Al-Arab (Nazareth, Israel), 28 July 2000, cited in Joseph Algazy (1 August 2000). "Um Al-Fahm Prefers Israel". Haaretz. archived at "Israeli Arabs Prefer Israel to Palestinian Authority". MEMRI. 10 August 2000.
Last edited on 29 April 2021, at 09:15
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