Founding and early history – 19th century
The university was founded as the Medical College of Louisiana
in 1834 partly as a response to the fears of smallpox
, yellow fever
, and cholera
in the United States.
The university became only the second medical school in the South, and the 15th in the United States at the time. In 1847, the state legislature established the school as the University of Louisiana
a public university
, and the law department
was added to the university. Subsequently, in 1851, the university established its first academic department. The first president chosen for the new university was Francis Lister Hawks
, an Episcopal priest and prominent citizen of New Orleans at the time.
The university was closed from 1861 to 1865 during the American Civil War
. After reopening, it went through a period of financial challenges because of an extended agricultural depression in the South which affected the nation's economy. Paul Tulane
, owner of a prospering dry goods and clothing business, donated extensive real estate within New Orleans for the support of education. This donation led to the establishment of a Tulane Educational Fund (TEF), whose board of administrators sought to support the University of Louisiana instead of establishing a new university. In response, through the influence of former Confederate
general Randall Lee Gibson
, the Louisiana state legislature transferred control of the University of Louisiana to the administrators of the TEF in 1884.
This act created the Tulane University of Louisiana
The university was privatized, and is one of only a few American universities to be converted from a state public institution to a private one.
Paul Tulane's endowment to the school specified that the institution could only admit white students, and Louisiana law passed in 1884 reiterated this condition.
A view of Gibson Hall
in 1904, located on the uptown campus of Tulane University.
With the improvements to Tulane University in the late 19th century, Tulane had a firm foundation to build upon as the premier university of the Deep South
and continued this legacy with growth in the 20th century. In 1901, the first cornerstone was laid for the F.W. Tilton Library, endowed by New Orleans businessman and philanthropist Frederick William Tilton
(1821–1890). During 1907, the school established a four-year professional curriculum in architecture through the College of Technology, growing eventually into the Tulane School of Architecture
. One year later, Schools of Dentistry and Pharmacy were established, albeit temporarily. The School of Dentistry ended in 1928, and Pharmacy six years later.
In 1914, Tulane established a College of Commerce, the first business school
in the South
In 1925, Tulane established the independent Graduate School. Two years later, the university set up a School of Social Work
, also the first in the southern United States.
Tulane was instrumental in promoting the arts in New Orleans and the South in establishing the Newcomb School of Art with William Woodward
as director, thus establishing the renowned Newcomb Pottery
. The Middle American Research Institute
was established in 1925 at Tulane "for the purpose of advanced research into the history (both Indian and colonial), archaeology, tropical botany (both economic and medical), the natural resources and products, of the countries facing New Orleans across the waters to the south; to gather, index and disseminate data thereupon; and to aid in the upbuilding of the best commercial and friendly relations between these Trans-Caribbean peoples and the United States."
was established in 1942 as Tulane's division of continuing education. By 1950, the School of Architecture had grown out of Engineering into an independent school. In 1958, the university was elected to the Association of American Universities
, an organization consisting of 62 of the leading research universities in North America. The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
again became independent from the School of Medicine in 1967. It was established in 1912. Tulane's School of Tropical Medicine also remains the only one of its kind in the country. On April 23, 1975, President Gerald Ford
spoke at Tulane University's Fogelman Arena at the invitation of Congressman F. Edward Hebert
, a representative of Louisiana's 1st Congressional District. During the historic speech, Ford announced that the Vietnam War was "finished as far as America is concerned" – one week before the fall of Saigon
. Ford drew parallels to the Battle of New Orleans
, saying that such positive activity could do for America's morale what the battle did in 1815.
In 1963, Tulane enrolled its first African-American students.
In 1990, Rhonda Goode-Douglas, alongside other black, female students, founded the first African-American sorority in Tulane's history, AKA Omicron Psi.
Gibson Hall today. Facing historic St. Charles Avenue
, it is the entry landmark on the uptown campus.
A detailed account of the history of Tulane University from its founding through 1965 was published by Dyer.
In July 2004, Tulane received two $30-million donations to its endowment
, the largest individual or combined gifts in the university's history. The donations came from James H. Clark
, a member of the university's board of trustees and founder of Netscape
, and David Filo
, a graduate of its School of Engineering and co-founder of Yahoo!
. A fund-raising campaign called "Promise & Distinction" raised $730.6 million by October 3, 2008, increasing the university's total endowment to more than $1.1 billion; by March 2009, Yvette Jones, Tulane's Chief Operating Officer, told Tulane's Staff Advisory Council that the endowment "has lost close to 37%", affected by the Great Recession
Main hall at the Freeman School of Business
As a result of Hurricane Katrina
in August 2005 and its damaging effects on New Orleans, most of the university was closed for the second time in its history—the first being during the Civil War
. The closing affected the first semester of the school calendar year. The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine's distance learning programs and courses stayed active. The School of Medicine relocated to Houston
for a year. Aside from student athletes attending college classes together on the same campuses, most undergraduate and graduate students dispersed to campuses throughout the U.S. The storm inflicted more than $650 million in damages to the university, with some of the greatest losses impacting the Howard-Tilton Memorial Library
and its collections.
Facing a budget shortfall, the Board of Administrators announced a "Renewal Plan" in December 2005 to reduce its annual operating budget and create a "student-centric" campus. Addressing the school's commitment to New Orleans, a course credit involving service learning
became a requirement for an undergraduate degree. In 2006 Tulane became the first Carnegie ranked "high research activity" institution to have an undergraduate public service graduation requirement.
In May 2006, graduation ceremonies included commencement speakers former Presidents George H. W. Bush
and Bill Clinton
, who commended the students for their desire to return to Tulane and serve New Orleans in its renewal.
Tulane's primary campus is located in Uptown New Orleans
on St. Charles Avenue
, directly opposite Audubon Park
, and extends north to South Claiborne Avenue through Freret
and Willow Street. The campus is known colloquially as the Uptown or St. Charles campus. It was established in the 1890s and occupies more than 110 acres (0.45 km2
) of land. The campus is known both for its large live oak
trees as well as its architecturally historic buildings. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1978. The campus architecture consists of several styles, including Richardsonian Romanesque
, Elizabethan, Italian Renaissance
, Mid-Century Modern, and contemporary styles. The front campus buildings use Indiana White Limestone or orange brick for exteriors, while the middle campus buildings are mostly adorned in red St. Joe brick, the staple of Newcomb College Campus buildings. Loyola University
is directly adjacent to Tulane, on the downriver side. Audubon Place
, where the President of Tulane
resides, is on the upriver side. The President's residence is the former home of "banana king" Sam Zemurray
, who donated it in his will.
The centerpiece of the Gibson Quad is the first academic building built on campus, Gibson Hall
, in 1894. The Schools of Architecture is also located on the oldest section of the campus, occupying all of Richardson Hall. The middle of the campus, between Freret and Willow Streets and bisected by McAlister Place
and Newcomb Place, serves as the center of campus activities. The Lavin-Bernick Center for University Life, Devlin Fieldhouse
, McAlister Auditorium, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, and most of the student residence halls and academic buildings populate the center of campus.
This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (June 2017)
After Hurricane Katrina
, Tulane has continued to build new facilities and renovate old spaces on its campus. The newest dorm building, Weatherhead Hall, was completed in 2011 and houses sophomore honor students giving it the nickname "SoHo" amongst students. Construction on Greenbaum House, a Residential College, began in January 2013 and was completed by Summer 2014. The Lallage Feazel Wall Residential College, was completed in August 2005 and took in its first students when Tulane re-opened in January 2006. The Lavin-Bernick Center for University Life was renovated to be a green, environmentally friendly building and opened for student use in January 2007.
In 2009, the university altered McAlister Drive, a street that ran through the middle of the uptown campus into a pedestrian walkway renamed McAlister Place. The area was resurfaced, and the newly added green spaces were adorned with Japanese magnolias, irises and new lighting. In late November 2008 the City of New Orleans announced plans to add bicycle lanes to the St. Charles Avenue
corridor that runs in front of campus.
In 2019, a new student space called The Commons was opened by President Mike Fitts located in the middle of the uptown campus.
There is one graduate housing complex for Tulane University, Bertie M. and John W. Deming Pavilion, in the Downtown Campus.
As of 2016 it is not operated by the university's Department of Housing and Residence Life.
There were previously two other complexes:
- Global Collective, a graduate student housing complex on the Uptown campus of Tulane university operated by the university's Department of Housing and Residence Life
- Papillon Apartments, an apartment complex in the Lower Garden District operated by the university's Department of Housing and Residence Life for graduate students and their families. It was managed by HRI Properties. The university acquired the building circa 2005, which previously served as an apartment for people unaffiliated with the university. The university initially paid the taxes for the apartments of legacy non-Tulane residents, but began charging the taxes to these tenants in 2013. In June 2016 the university announced it would not renew the leases of the non-Tulane tenants.
- Tulane University Health Sciences campus is located in the downtown New Orleans Central Business District between the Mercedes-Benz Superdome and Canal Street in 18 mid/high-rise buildings, which house the School of Medicine, the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, and the main campus of the Tulane Medical Center. In addition to medical and public health education, the Health Sciences campus is the central location for biomedical research. Students and faculty from the Health Sciences campus are also involved in community-wide health promotion, such as community health fairs and distributing condoms to address the high rate of STIs in New Orleans. In 2014, the Tulane School of Social Work relocated from the Uptown campus to the Health Sciences campus, with facilities located in a renovated historic building on Elk Place;
- Tulane University Square, 80,000 square feet (7,400 m2) of space and 6 acres (24,000 m2) of surrounding land, is located on Broadway and Leake Avenue adjacent to the Mississippi River.
- Tulane National Primate Research Center in Covington, La., one of eight such centers funded by the National Institutes of Health;
- F. Edward Hebert Research Center, near Belle Chasse, La., which provides facilities for graduate training and research in computer science, bioengineering, and biology;
- Satellite campuses of the School of Continuing Studies, Tulane's open admissions school of continuing studies, located in downtown New Orleans, in Elmwood, Louisiana, and in Biloxi, Mississippi. From 2010 to 2017 Tulane also operated a satellite campus in Madison, Mississippi.
- Cali, Colombia; Santiago, Chile; Shanghai, China; and Taipei, Taiwan where the business school offers an executive MBA program. Tulane also has signed an educational affiliation agreement with International University in Geneva.
- Tulane Law School offers classes through a European summer abroad program, utilizing many prestigious universities throughout several countries. In 2009, the school had programs in England, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, and the Netherlands.
Tulane hosted an Environmental Summit at its law school in April 2009, an event that all students could attend for free. Many students from Tulane's two active environmental groups, Green Club and Environmental Law Society, attended. These student groups push for global citizenship and environmental stewardship on campus. In 2007 Tulane made a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10%, getting students involved by providing an Energy Smart Shopping Guide and electronics "greening" services from IT. In 2010 Tulane completed its renovation of 88-year-old Dinwiddie Hall,
which was subsequently LEED
Gold certified. A new residential college, Weatherhead Hall, opened in 2011 as housing for sophomore honors students. The residence – colloquially known as SoHo – has also applied for LEED Gold certification.
Tulane received an "A-" on the 2011 College Sustainability Report Card
, garnering an award as one of the top 52 most sustainable colleges in the country.
Organization and academics
Tulane University, as a private institution, has been governed since 1884 by the Board of Tulane (also known as the Board of Administrators of the Tulane Educational Fund) that was established in 1882.
There have been 15 presidents of Tulane
since then. The board comprises more than 30 regular members (plus several members emeriti) and the university president. In 2008, Tulane became one of 76 U.S. colleges and the only Louisiana college to maintain an endowment above $1 billion.
Schools and divisions
Tulane is organized into 10 schools centered around liberal arts, sciences, and specialized professions. All undergraduate students are enrolled in the Newcomb-Tulane College
. The graduate programs are governed by the individual schools.
Tulane is unique among universities in the United States in its academic organization in that all undergraduates are enrolled in Newcomb-Tulane College as well as being registered in the School which houses their major. Newcomb-Tulane College serves as an administrative center for all aspects of undergraduate life at Tulane.
- The first architecture courses at Tulane leading to an architectural engineering degree were offered in 1894. After beginning as part of the College of Technology, the Tulane School of Architecture was separately formed as a school in 1953.
- The A.B. Freeman School of Business was named in honor of Alfred Bird Freeman, former chair of the Louisiana Coca-Cola Bottling Co. and a prominent New Orleans philanthropist and civic leader. The business school is ranked 44th nationally and 28th among programs at private universities by Forbes magazine. U.S. News & World Report's Best Graduate Schools 2015 edition ranked the MBA program 63rd overall.
Jones Hall, where the School of Law
was located from 1969 until 1995. It now acts as a Special Collections library and houses Classical Studies, Jewish Studies, and Stone Center for Latin American Studies.
As part of the post-Hurricane Katrina Renewal Plan, the university initiated an extensive university-wide core curriculum. Three major elements of the university core are (1) freshman seminars called TIDES classes, (2) a two-class sequence for public service, and (3) a capstone experience for students to apply knowledge in their fields of study. Many course requirements of the core curriculum can be certified through Advanced Placement
(AP) exams or International Baccalaureate
(IB) course credits, or placement exams in English and foreign languages offered by the university during orientation. Some schools have different core requirements (e.g., students in the School of Science and Engineering are required to take fewer language classes than students in the School of Liberal Arts).
Overall university rankings and ratings include:
- One of 195 U.S. universities recognized by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching with a "community engagement" classification.
- The 2020 edition of U.S. News & World Report ranked Tulane tied for 40th among U.S. national universities. In addition, U.S. News & World Report Tulane ranked tied at 18th for "Best College for Veterans", tied for 42nd "Most Innovative", tied for 61st in "Best Undergraduate Teaching", and 73rd for "Best Value" among national universities.
- Tulane held multiple rankings from The Princeton Review in 2019: Best Quality of Life (#6), Best-Run Colleges (#9), Happiest Students (#4). Most Engaged in Community Service (#1), Their Students Love These Colleges (#2).
- Forbes magazine ranked Tulane 106th in 2019 out of 650 U.S. universities, colleges and service academies.
The Office of Undergraduate Admission received 45,517 applications for fall 2021 — over a 55 percent increase over the last five years. A record number of those students (4,000) indicated the university is their first choice by participating in Tulane’s Early Decision (ED) admissions program, a fourfold increase since 2016. Due to the sharp increase of applications, the acceptance rate fell to 9.73 percent, making this the most selective class yet. The acceptance rate for 2020-2021 school year Early Action option was 8%. Among freshman students who committed to enroll in Fall 2021, composite SAT scores for the middle 50% ranged from 1430 to 1530, while composite ACT scores for the middle 50% ranged from 31 to 34. In terms of class rank, in the Fall 2020 64% of enrolled freshmen were in the top 10% of their high school classes; 89% ranked in the top quarter. From a nationwide perspective, U.S. News & World Report
categorizes Tulane as "most selective
," which is the highest degree of selectivity the magazine offers and Tulane is the only institution in Louisiana to have that distinction.
Honors program admissions
The most impressive incoming undergraduate students are invited to join the honors program by the Office of Admission. Incoming freshmen who did not receive an invitation are allowed to apply for one after completing their first semester with at least a 3.8 cumulative GPA. To remain in good standing with the honors program, honors students are required to maintain at least a 3.8 cumulative GPA and enroll in honors classes their first year in the program. Honors students have access to special privileges and learning opportunities on campus.
The Dean's Honor Scholarship is a merit-based scholarship
awarded by Tulane which covers full tuition for the duration of the recipient's undergraduate program. The scholarship is offered to between 75 and 100 incoming freshmen by the Office of Undergraduate Admission, and is awarded only through a separate application. This scholarship is renewable provided that the recipient maintains a minimum 3.0 GPA
at the end of each semester and maintains continuous enrollment in a full-time undergraduate division. Typically, recipients have SAT I score of 1450 or higher or an ACT composite score of 33 or higher, rank in the top 5% of their high school
graduating class, have a rigorous course load including honors and Advanced Placement
classes, and an outstanding record of extracurricular activities.
Notable recipients include Sean M. Berkowitz
and David Filo
Beginning in 2014, Tulane has partnered with the Stamps Family Charitable Foundation
to offer the full-ride merit-based Stamps Leadership Scholarship, Tulane's most prestigious scholarship.
Approximately 5 incoming students are awarded the Stamps Scholarship each year, and Tulane graduated its first class of Stamps Scholars in May 2018.
The student body of Tulane University is represented by the Associated Student Body (ASB). In 1998, the students of Tulane University voted by referendum to split the Associated Student Body (ASB) Senate into two separate houses, the Undergraduate Student Government (USG) and the Graduate and Professional Student Association (GAPSA). USG and GAPSA come together twice a semester to meet as the ASB Senate, where issues pertaining to the entire Tulane student body are discussed. The meetings of the ASB Senate are presided over by the ASB President, the only student that represents all students of Tulane University.
Tulane maintains 3,600 beds in 14 residence halls on its uptown campus for undergraduate students. First year residence halls include Warren House, Sharp Hall, Monroe Hall, Paterson Hall, Josephine Louise Hall, Wall Hall, and Butler Hall.
Per the Renewal Plan instituted after Hurricane Katrina, Tulane requires all freshmen and sophomores to live on campus, except those who are from surrounding neighborhoods in New Orleans. Due to the increasing size of incoming classes, Tulane has allowed a small number of rising sophomores to reside off campus instead of being required to remain in campus housing. Housing is not guaranteed for juniors and seniors.
The Tulane Hullabaloo
is the university's weekly student-run newspaper. It is published every Thursday of the academic year, except on holidays, and has received multiple Pacemaker Awards
, the highest award in college journalism.
The Tulane Vignette is the university's unofficial weekly satirical online newspaper. It has received multiple awards.
, Tulane's yearbook
, published annually since 1897, published its last edition (Volume 99) in 1995, because of funding and management problems. In the fall of 2003, the Jambalaya
was reestablished as a student club, and in the Spring of 2004, the centennial edition of the Jambalaya
was published. The staff now continues to publish a Jambalaya
is a student-run, online-only publication of opinion, commentary, and satire. It features three sections: campus, culture, and current.
The student-run radio station
of the university, WTUL
New Orleans 91.5, began broadcasting on campus in 1971.
The Crescent is a student run lifestyle magazine.
Tube, an acronym meaning Tulane University Broadcast Entertainment, is the university's student-run television station.
The Tulane Literary Society produces an arts, poetry, and prose magazine once a semester called the Tulane Review.
Every fall, usually during homecoming
week, Tulane holds a special ceremony for the presentation of the Tulane Ring, the class ring
of the school, which is conferred upon students having earned 60 credits or more.
Wordmark for Tulane Athletics
Tulane competes in NCAA Division I
as a member of the American Athletic Conference
(The American). The university was a charter member of the Southeastern Conference
, in which it competed until 1966. Just before leaving the SEC, it had notably become the first conference school to field a black
athlete when Stephen Martin, who was on an academic scholarship, played on the baseball team in the 1966 season. Tulane, along with other academically-oriented, private schools had considered forming the "Southern Ivy League" (Magnolia Conference
) in the 1950s. Tulane's intercollegiate sports include football
, men's and women's basketball
, women's volleyball, men's and women's track
, men's and women's tennis
, and cross country
, women's swimming
, women's tennis
, women's golf
, women's bowling
, and women's beach volleyball
. Tulane's graduation rate for its student-athletes consistently ranks among the top of Division I athletics programs.
Most administrative and athletic support facilities are located in the Wilson Athletic Center in the center of Tulane's athletic campus. The adjacent area was once home to Tulane Stadium
, which seated more than 80,000 people, held three Super Bowls
, was home to the New Orleans Saints
, and gave rise to the Sugar Bowl
. Home football games moved to the Mercedes-Benz Superdome
when it opened in 1975, and Tulane Stadium was demolished in 1980. The university has committed to upgrading its athletic facilities in recent years, extensively renovating Turchin Stadium
(baseball) in 2008, Fogelman Arena
(now Devlin Fieldhouse; basketball and volleyball) in 2006 and 2012,
and Goldring Tennis Center in 2008. The Hertz Center, a new practice facility for the basketball and volleyball teams that includes athletic training and strength and conditioning rooms, offices, film rooms, and lockers, opened in 2011. Tulane completed construction of Yulman Stadium
in September 2014 and began using it for home football games that season.
Tulane is home to many alumni who have contributed to both the arts and sciences and to the political and business realms. For example, from television: Jerry Springer
and Ian Terry
, from literature: John Kennedy Toole
, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of A Confederacy of Dunces
, Shirley Ann Grau
, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner, and conservative journalist Andrew Breitbart
, who later criticized his education at Tulane for what he perceived as its inadequacy;
from business: David Filo
, co-founder of Yahoo!, Ashley Biden
, daughter of Jill Biden
and Joseph R. Biden
and Neil Bush
, economist and brother of President George W. Bush
; from entertainment: Lauren Hutton
, film actor and supermodel, and Paul Michael Glaser
, TV actor of "Starsky and Hutch"; from fine arts: Sergio Rossetti Morosini
, artist and conservator, and internationally renowned glass artist Mitchell Gaudet; from music: conductor and composer Odaline de la Martinez
, who was the first woman to conduct at a BBC Proms
concert in London; from government: Newt Gingrich
, former Speaker of the House
who famously coordinated the first Congressional Republican majority in 40 years
, Perry Chen
, founder of Kickstarter
and Luther Terry
, former U.S. Surgeon General who issued the first official health hazard warning for tobacco; from medicine: Michael DeBakey
and Dr. Regina Benjamin
, President Obama's Surgeon General
; from science A. Baldwin Wood
, inventor of the wood screw pump and Lisa P. Jackson
, United States Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) Administrator under President Obama; from sports: Bobby Brown
, former New York Yankees
third baseman and former president of the American League. A former graduate residence hall on campus was also named for Engineering graduate Harold Rosen
, who invented the geosynchronous communications satellite
. Douglas G. Hurley
, NASA astronaut
and pilot of mission STS-127
, became the first alumnus to travel in outer space
in July 2009.
Actor Harold Sylvester
was the first African American to receive an athletic scholarship from Tulane. Turning down Harvard, he attended Tulane on a basketball scholarship and graduated in 1972 with a degree in theater and psychology.
Shalanda Young, who is an American political advisor who is the nominee to serve as deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in the Biden administration, graduated with her Masters in Health Administration. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shalanda_Young
Randall Lee Gibson
, former U.S. representative, U.S. senator from Louisiana, and general CSA
In literature and media
Tulane has been portrayed in several books, television shows and films. Several movies have been filmed at the Uptown campus, especially since tax credits from the state of Louisiana began drawing more productions to New Orleans in the early 2000s.
The uptown campus has been host to two movie premieres from 2006 to 2007.
Notes and references
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- ^ As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- ^ "Core Colors | Communications & Marketing". Archived from the original on December 16, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- ^ "About Tulane Law School". Law.tulane.edu. Archived from the original on August 6, 2007. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
- ^ "Our Partners: Teaching the next generation of healthcare providers". University Medical Center New Orleans. Archived from the original on February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
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- ^ "Regina M. Benjamin (2009-2013)". U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- ^ "Luther Leonidas Terry (1961-1965)". U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
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- ^ "Louis J. Ignarro - Curriculum Vitae". nobelprize.org. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- ^ "Andrew V. Schally - Biographical". nobelprize.org. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- ^ Webster, Richard A. (2004). "Tulane University celebrates birthday No. 170". New Orleans CityBusiness. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2009.
- ^ "The Carnegie Foundation". Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- ^ "Gerald R. Ford: Address at a Tulane University convocation". The American Presidency Project. 1975. Archived from the original on October 27, 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- ^ a b United Press International (January 26, 1963). "Tulane University Admits 5 Negroes, First in Its History". The New York Times.
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- ^ "Address at a Tulane University Convocation". Ford Presidential Library. 1975. Archived from the original on September 26, 2006. Retrieved January 8, 2007.
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- ^ "Tulane University Staff Advisory Council: Minutes of Thursday, March 12, 2009" (DOC). Tulane University. March 12, 2009. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2009. Tulane made some hard decisions after Katrina, and we are not in as difficult position that many institutions are in now. We are conditioned in times like this because of how we have worked so long. Endowment has lost close to 38%, the incoff of that is only 6% of our revenue base. The challenge is the endowments whose market value is lower and we cannot pay out on, but generally we are in good shape.
- ^ "Tulane University - Sources for News Coverage of Hurricane Katrina's Fifth Anniversary". Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- ^ "Public Service Graduation Requirement". Tulane.edu. July 8, 2010. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- ^ "Commencement 2006". May 22, 2006. Archived from the original on September 2, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- ^ "Tulane University - 2006 Speaker - William J. Clinton". www2.tulane.edu. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- ^ "unknown" (PDF). tulane.edu. Archived(PDF) from the original on June 28, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2007. Cite uses generic title (help)
- ^ "Campus Is Hopping as Students Return,"New Wave, January 12, 2007 Archived June 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Repaved Streets Will Have Lanes for Bicycling". The Times-Picayune. November 22, 2008. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009.
- ^ "Tulane president welcomes university community to The Commons with music and more". Tulane News. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- ^ "Graduate Housing". Tulane University. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
- ^ a b c "Graduate Housing Archived December 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Tulane University. Retrieved on December 10, 2016.
- ^ Yates, Wynton (July 31, 2016). "70-year-old woman being evicted from Tulane apartments". WWLTV. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
- ^ "Tulane University - Mobile Medical Unit Rolls to Health Fair". www2.tulane.edu. Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- ^ "Tulane University - Beads, Cups. . . and Condoms?". www2.tulane.edu. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- ^ Copeland, CS (September–October 2012). "Sex in the City Is Risky Business" (PDF). Healthcare Journal of New Orleans: 20–24. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- ^ ""University Square Gives Room to Grow," New Wave". Tulane University. October 17, 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- ^ "Punitive Damages Sought Against Tulane University Over Madison Closure". The Northside Sun. September 21, 2017. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
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