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United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
  (Redirected from U.S. Senate Commerce Committee)
The United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate.[1] Besides having broad jurisdiction over all matters concerning interstate commerce, science and technology policy, and transportation, the Senate Commerce Committee is one of the largest of the Senate's standing committees, with 26 members in the 117th Congress. The Commerce Committee has six subcommittees. It is chaired by Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) with Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) as Ranking Member. The majority office is housed in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, and the minority office is located in the Hart Senate Office Building.[1]
Senate Commerce Committee
Standing committee
Active

United States Senate
117th Congress
History
FormedFebruary 4, 1977
Leadership
ChairMaria Cantwell (D)
Since February 3, 2021
Ranking memberRoger Wicker (R)
Since February 3, 2021
Structure
Political partiesMajority (14)
 Democratic (14)
Minority (14)
 Republican (14)
Jurisdiction
Policy areasAviation, Coast Guard, Coastal zone management, Common carriers, Communications, Competitiveness, Consumer protection, Highways and highway safety, Inland waterways, Internet, Navigation, Interstate commerce, Marine conservation, Marine fisheries, Merchant Marine, Oceanography, Outer Continental Shelf lands, Panama Canal, Product safety and liability, Rail, Science policy of the United States, Sport, Standards of weights and measures, Tourism, Transportation generally, Weather and climate change
Oversight authorityCoast Guard, CPSC, CPB, Department of Commerce, Department of Transportation, FAA, FCC, FMCSA, FRA, FMC, FTC, MARAD, NASA, NHTSA, NOAA, NIST, NSF, NTIA, NTSB, PHMSA, STB, TSA, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
House counterpartUnited States House Committee on Energy and Commerce, House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Subcommittees
Meeting place
512 Dirksen Senate Building
Website
https://www.commerce.senate.gov/
Rules
Charles Bolden, nominee for Administrator of NASA, center, and Lori Garver, right, nominee for deputy administrator of NASA, testify at their confirmation hearing before the Committee in 2009.
History
The Committee has its roots in the Committee on Commerce and Manufacturers, which served as a standing committee in the early-1800s. This committee was split in two in the 1820s and remained in this configuration until the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Under the LRA, the number of standing committees was dramatically decreased to increase congressional efficiency and increase institutional strength. As a result, the Committee on Commerce, the Committee on Manufactures, the Committee on Interstate Commerce, and the Committee on Interoceanic Canals were combined into the United States Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. In 1977, as a part of widespread committee reorganization, the Committee was renamed the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and given additional oversight jurisdiction over nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The original progenitors of this committee were:
Jurisdiction
In accordance of Rule XXV of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects is referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation:
  1. "Coast Guard;
  2. Coastal zone management;
  3. Communications;
  4. Highway safety;
  5. Inland waterways, except construction;
  6. Interstate commerce;
  7. Marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation, including navigational aspects of deepwater ports;
  8. Marine fisheries;
  9. Merchant marine and navigation;
  10. Nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences;
  11. Oceans, weather, and atmospheric activities;
  12. Panama Canal and interoceanic canals generally, except as provided in subparagraph (c);
  13. Regulation of consumer products and services, including testing related to toxic substances, other than pesticides, and except for credit, financial services, and housing;
  14. Regulation of interstate common carriers, including railroads, buses, trucks, vessels, pipelines, and civil aviation;
  15. Science, engineering, and technology research and development and policy;
  16. Sports;
  17. Standards and measurement;
  18. Transportation; and,
  19. Transportation and commerce aspects of Outer Continental Shelf lands."[2]
The Senate Commerce Committee is also charged to "study and review, on a comprehensive basis, all matters relating to science and technology, oceans policy, transportation, communications, and consumer affairs, and report thereon from time to time."[3]
Members, 117th Congress
Main article: 117th United States Congress
MajorityMinority
Subcommittees
SubcommitteeChairRanking Member
Aviation Safety, Operations and Innovation Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) Ted Cruz (R-TX)
Communications, Media and Broadband Ben Ray Luján (D-NM) John Thune (R-SD)
Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)
Oceans, Fisheries, Climate Change and Manufacturing Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) Dan Sullivan (R-AK)
Space and Science John Hickenlooper (D-CO) Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)
Surface Transportation, Maritime, Freight and Ports Gary Peters (D-MI) Deb Fischer (R-NE)
Tourism, Trade, and Export Promotion Jacky Rosen (D-NV) Rick Scott (R-FL)
Source: [4]
Chairs
The committee, under its various names, has been chaired by the following senators:[5]
Committee on Commerce and Manufactures, 1816–1825
ChairPartyStateYears
William HunterFederalistRhode Island1816–1817
Nathan SanfordRepublicanNew York1817–1820
Mahlon DickersonRepublican/Crawford RepublicanNew Jersey1820–1825
Committee on Commerce, 1825–1947
ChairPartyStateYears
James LloydAdams-Clay Republican/AdamsMassachusetts1825-1826
Josiah JohnstonAdamsLouisiana1826-1827
Levi WoodburyJacksonianNew Hampshire1827-1831
John ForsythJacksonianGeorgia1831-1832
William R. KingJacksonianAlabama1832-1833
Nathaniel SilsbeeAnti-JacksonMassachusetts1833-1835
John DavisAnti-JacksonMassachusetts1835-1836
William R. KingJacksonian​/​DemocraticAlabama1836-1841
Jabez HuntingtonWhigConnecticut1841-1845
William HaywoodDemocraticNorth Carolina1845-1846
John DixDemocraticNew York1846-1849
Hannibal HamlinDemocraticMaine1849-1856
Henry DodgeDemocraticWisconsin1856-1857
Clement ClayDemocraticAlabama1857-1861
William BiglerDemocraticPennsylvania1861
Zachariah ChandlerRepublicanMichigan1861-1875
Roscoe ConklingRepublicanNew York1875-1879
John B. GordonDemocraticGeorgia1879-1880
Matt RansomDemocraticNorth Carolina1880-1881
Roscoe ConklingRepublicanNew York1881
Samuel J.R. McMillanRepublicanMinnesota1881-1887
William FryeRepublicanMaine1887-1893
Matt RansomDemocraticNorth Carolina1893-1895
William P. FryeRepublicanMaine1895-1911
Knute NelsonRepublicanMinnesota1911-1913
James P. ClarkeDemocraticArkansas1913-1916
Duncan U. FletcherDemocraticFlorida1916-1919
Wesley L. JonesRepublicanWashington1919-1930
Hiram W. JohnsonRepublicanCalifornia1930-1933
Hubert D. StephensDemocraticMississippi1933-1935
Royal S. CopelandDemocraticNew York1935-1939
Josiah W. BaileyDemocraticNorth Carolina1939-1946
Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1947–1961
ChairPartyStateYears
Wallace H. White, Jr.RepublicanMaine1947-1949
Edwin C. JohnsonDemocraticColorado1949-1953
Charles W. TobeyRepublicanNew Hampshire1953
John W. BrickerRepublicanOhio1953-1955
Warren MagnusonDemocraticWashington1955-1961
Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 1958-1977
ChairPartyStateYears
Lyndon B. JohnsonDemocraticTexas1958-1961
Robert S. KerrDemocraticOklahoma1961-1963
Clinton P. AndersonDemocraticNew Mexico1963-1973
Frank E. MossDemocraticUtah1973-1977
Wendell H. FordDemocraticKentuckyJan. 10-Feb. 11, 1977
Committee on Commerce, 1961–1977
ChairPartyStateYears
Warren MagnusonDemocraticWashington1961-1977
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 1977–present
ChairPartyStateYears
Warren MagnusonDemocraticWashington1977–1978
Howard CannonDemocraticNevada1978–1981
Bob PackwoodRepublicanOregon1981–1985
John C. DanforthRepublicanMissouri1985–1987
Ernest F. HollingsDemocraticSouth Carolina1987–1995
Larry PresslerRepublicanSouth Dakota1995–1997
John McCainRepublicanArizona1997–2001
Ernest F. HollingsDemocraticSouth Carolina2001[6]
John McCainRepublicanArizona2001
Ernest F. HollingsDemocraticSouth Carolina2001–2003[7]
John McCainRepublicanArizona2003–2005
Ted StevensRepublicanAlaska2005–2007
Daniel InouyeDemocraticHawaii2007–2009
John D. Rockefeller IVDemocraticWest Virginia2009–2015
John ThuneRepublicanSouth Dakota2015–2019
Roger WickerRepublicanMississippi2019–2021
Maria CantwellDemocraticWashington2021–present
Historical committee rosters
116th Congress
Main article: 116th United States Congress
MajorityMinority
Subcomittees
SubcommitteeChairRanking Member
Aviation and Space Ted Cruz (R-TX) Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)
Communications, Technology, Innovation and the Internet John Thune (R-SD) Brian Schatz (D-HI)
Manufacturing, Trade, and Consumer Protection Jerry Moran (R-KS) Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Science, Oceans, Fisheries, and Weather Cory Gardner (R-CO) Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Security Dan Sullivan (R-AK) Ed Markey (D-MA)
Transportation and Safety Deb Fischer (R-NE) Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)
115th Congress
MajorityMinority
Source[8]
References
  1. ^ a b "U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation - About". U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation.
  2. ^ "Rules of the United States Senate". U.S. Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
    This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ https://www.rules.senate.gov/rules-of-the-senate
  4. ^ Chair Cantwell Announces Subcommittee Leadership for the 117th Congress
  5. ^ "Chairmen of Senate Standing Committees 1789-present" (PDF). Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  6. ^ At the beginning of the 107th Congress in January 2001 the Senate was evenly divided. With a Democratic president and vice president still serving until January 20, the Democratic vice president was available to break a tie, and the Democrats thus controlled the Senate for 17 days, from January 3 to January 20. On January 3 the Senate adopted S. Res. 7 designating Democratic senators as committee chairmen to serve during this period and Republican chairmen to serve effective at noon on January 20, 2001.
  7. ^ On June 6, 2001, the Democrats took control of the Senate after Senator James Jeffords (VT) changed from the Republican Party to Independent and announced that he would caucus with the Democrats.
  8. ^ "U.S. Senate: Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation". www.senate.gov. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
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Last edited on 31 March 2021, at 03:45
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