A unitary state
is a state
governed as a single entity in which the central government
is ultimately supreme. Unitary states stand in contrast with federations
, also known as federal states
The pathway of regional integration or separation
In federations, the provincial/regional governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution
, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments. This means that the sub-national units have a right of existence and powers that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government.
Devolution within a unitary state, like federalism, may be symmetrical, with all sub-national units having the same powers and status, or asymmetric, with sub-national units varying in their powers and status. Many unitary states have no areas possessing a degree of autonomy.
In such countries, sub-national regions cannot decide their own laws. Examples are Romania
has even less autonomy than the mainland. It is directly controlled by the government and has no local rule.
List of unitary republics and unitary kingdoms
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- ^ "Democracy". www.un.org. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
- ^ Ghai, Yash; Regan, Anthony J. (September 2006). "Unitary state, devolution, autonomy, secession: State building and nation building in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea". The Round Table. 95 (386): 589–608. doi:10.1080/00358530600931178. ISSN 0035-8533. S2CID 153980559.
- ^ "unitary system | government". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
- ^ Roy Bin Wong. China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Cornell University Press.
- ^ "Story: Nation and government – From colony to nation". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Manatū Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- ^ "Social policy in the UK". An introduction to Social Policy. Robert Gordon University – Aberdeen Business School. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
Last edited on 5 April 2021, at 03:01
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