For the current Swedish-speaking university in Turku, see Åbo Akademi
The Royal Academy of Turku
The University of Turku
The grand opening of the University of Turku in 1922. On the left is Artturi H. Virkkunen [fi]
, the first rector of the university
The modern University of Turku was founded in 1920. The Finnish intelligentsia wanted a purely Finnish
university, the first of its kind in Finland. 22,040 people contributed to the fund-raising campaign. Newly gained independence
and the campaign are reflected in the motto of the University about a free people's gift to free science. To honour the memory of these donors, the University has named its specially created liqueur
"22 040". Developed by the University's own food chemists, the liqueur does homage to some of the distinctive fruits of the Finnish landscape: the cloudberry
, the rowan
and the sea buckthorn
The first premises of the University of Turku were in the centre of the city, by the market square. In the 1950s a new campus was built on Ryssänmäki [fi]
– now known as University Hill). In the 1960s the University started to expand rapidly, a process that still continues.
The University was made a public institution in 1974.
Since 1995 the University of Turku has been a member of the Coimbra Group
The University has approximately 20,000 students, of which 5,000 are postgraduate students having completed their MSc or MA. The largest faculties are the Faculty of Humanities and the Faculty of Science and Technology.
Natura (left) and Main Building (right)
Department of History
Turku School of Economics
The university management consists of the Board, The Rector
and the vice rectors and the University Collegiate Council.
is the highest decision-making organ of the University and is made up of 10 individuals
both from academia, society and studentship. It develops the University's operating processes and approves plans concerning its financing and activities; it decide on the guidelines of granting appropriations; it give its opinion in any matters of significance that concern the University in principle and the Board approves the service regulations and other similar rules.
directs the activities and processes of the University and solves any issues concerning its general management. The Rector represents the University and uses the University's right to speak in courts of law and in dealings with the authorities. Professor Kalervo Väänänen is currently the elected Rector.
The University Collegiate Council consists of 30 members: ten professors, ten other teaching and research personnel and other staff and ten students.
The University of Turku shares a campus with Åbo Akademi University
and elements of Turku Science Park
. The area also encompasses Turku University Hospital (TYKS)
and the Student Village
. The Main Building and the surrounding complex was built in the fifties on what became known as the University Hill. The campus is constantly expanding, the latest example is the Medisiina D building which houses the facilities of the Faculty of Medicine. The University also owns the Botanic Garden at Ruissalo as well as the research station at the Island of Seili.
As defined in the strategy,
the University's multidisciplinary strengths in research are biofuture; digital futures; cultural memory and social change; children, young people and learning; drug development and diagnostics; and sea and maritime studies.
The University of Turku has been involved in many research projects in the Peruvian Amazon
. With the Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana – IIAP
), based in Iquitos
, has been studying the Amazon in the BIODAMAZ
The Chancellor, appointed by the President of Finland upon proposal of the Finnish Government, was to promote science and scholarship, look after the general interests of the University and supervise its activities. The Chancellor confirmed the standing orders and other corresponding general regulations of the University. The most visible task of the Chancellor was the appointment of the Professors and the Docents of the University. Professor Pekka Puska was the last person to hold this position until it was abolished based on the decision of the University Board. The duties were reassigned to the Rector.
- ^ Academic Traditions since 1640
- ^ "Turun yliopiston opiskelijamäärät (In Finnish)". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ Juslenius, Daniel (1700). Aboa vetus et nova. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. p. 185. ISBN 978-951-746-743-8.
- ^ a b "The History of the University of Turku". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "University Board". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "Rector". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "University Collegiate Council". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "Strategy and Values of the University of Turku | University of Turku". www.utu.fi. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
- ^ "Chancellors of the University of Turku". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
Last edited on 28 March 2021, at 23:14
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