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The South Yemen insurgency is a term used by the Yemeni government to describe the protests and attacks on government forces in southern Yemen, ongoing since 27 April 2009, on South Yemen's independence day. Although the violence has been blamed on elements within the southern secessionist movement, leaders of the group maintain that their aims of independence are to be achieved through peaceful means, and claim that attacks are from ordinary citizens in response to the government's provocative actions. The insurgency comes amid the Shia insurgency in the country's north as led by the Houthi communities. Southern leaders led a brief, unsuccessful secession in 1994 following unification. Many of them are involved in the present secession movement. Southern separatist insurgents are active mainly in the area of former South Yemen, but also in Ad Dali' Governorate, which was not a part of the independent southern state.[1]
Background
In 1990, North Yemen and South Yemen united into one country, but in 1994, South Yemeni army units staged an armed revolt against what they considered corrupt crony state rule by North Yemeni dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh. The revolt however failed as Saleh enlisted Salafi and Jihadist forces to fight against Southern forces of the Yemeni Socialist Party [citation needed]. However, after 15 years, in 2009, prominent Southern Islamist leader Tariq al-Fadhli, who had fought for the Mujahideen in the Soviet war in Afghanistan, broke his alliance with President Saleh to join the secessionist Southern Movement. This gave new power to movement, in which al-Fadhli became a prominent figure. That same month, on 28 April, a revolt in the South started, with massive demonstrations in most major towns.[2]
Insurgents
The political movement behind the so-called 'insurgency' is a group called the Southern Movement. Led by exiled South Yemeni leaders and opposition figures, this group calls for peaceful protests. However, their protests have recently often turned into riots, some with armed fighters. The insurgency has occasionally been linked by the Yemeni government to Islamist groups, including ex-military commanders and South-Yemeni tribes. South Yemen is home to several jihadist movements, some of which are believed to be affiliated with al-Qaeda, most notably a group called the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army. Naser al-Wahishi the leader of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula expressed support for the South Yemeni separatist movement.[3] However leaders of the Southern Movement were quick to deny any links with al-Qaeda.[4] Many believe that Saleh's government is using al-Qaeda as a means to win international support against insurgencies in the North and South.[5] As a response to such accusations, Tariq al-Fadhli - one of the leaders of the southern movement - posted a video of himself on YouTube raising the American flag with the national anthem over his compound in an attempt to openly distance himself from Al-Qaeda.[6]
There are many leaders within the movement, including Fadi Hassan Ahmed Baoum who is head of the Southern Movement's Supreme Council. He was arrested and later released by Yemeni authorities. Meanwhile, Tahir Tamah has been said to be behind the group's militant faction.[7]
Timeline
2009-2010 insurgency
2011 Yemeni revolution
Main article: 2011 Yemeni revolution
Situation in March 2012, showing the area where there was presence of South Yemen resistance
Post-Revolution (2012)
The southern movement, like the Houthis rejected a GCC brokered deal between the GPC and Al-Islah and boycotted the February 21, 2012 presidential election leaving Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi as only candidate.[56]
2013
2014
An activist with Southern Movement confirmed the clash, saying the attackers belonged to the militant Southern Resistance group.[58]
2015
2016
2017
In the end of April 2017, Governor of the Aden Governorate Aidarus al-Zoubaidi was sacked by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, with the reason of disloyalty to him, and loyalty to the Southern Movement. In May 3, major rallies were held in Aden to protest the decision of Hadi. One week later, Southern Transitional Council was formed, and some of the members were the governors of Dhale, Shabwah, Hadhramaut, Lahij, Socotra, and Al Mahrah governorates. It also have partial control in Abyan and Aden governorates. One day later, Hadi rejected the council, and called it illegitimate.​[64]​[65]​[66]​[67]
2018
South Yemen insurgency
Part of the Yemeni Crisis (2011–present) and
the War on Terror

Governorates which previously formed the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in Red
Date27 April 2009 – present
(12 years, 1 month and 4 weeks)
LocationSouthern Yemen
ResultEscalated into a full-scale civil war with foreign intervention. Southern Transitional Council formed in 2017.
Territorial
changes
STC took over Hadhramaut Governorate, Ad Dali' Governorate, and Aden.
Belligerents
Pro-government tribes[76]
Al-Islah militias
Supported by:
Commanders and leaders
Abdullah al-Thuraya 
Abbas Tanba 
Casualties and losses
254 killed[77]
1,900 injured[77]
(Government claim)
1,800 killed[78][79]
500+ Detained (over 350 released)[80][7]
*Released
See also
References
  1. ^ "Yemen policeman shot dead in restive south". AFP. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  2. ^ F. William Engdahl,Voltaire Network. "Yemen: Behind Al-Qaeda Scenarios, an unfolding stealth agenda". Voltaire Network. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Login". Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Associating the Liberation Movement of South Yemen with Al Qaeda is Red Herring". American Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved 2010-04-27.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. ^ "'US exaggerating al-Qaeda threat in Yemen'". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  6. ^ "Tariq al-Fadhli hoisted the American flag on his house". Aden Press. 2010-02-05.
  7. ^ a b "Tracker: Unrest in Southern Yemen - Critical Threats". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2014.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  8. ^ "Reuters AlertNet - Yemeni soldier killed in protesters' attack". Alertnet.org. 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  9. ^ "Bomb kills Yemeni in southern clashes- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Yemenpost.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  10. ^ "Yemeni soldier killed in clashes in troubled south". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Two dead as south Yemen protesters clash with police. - The Daily Star (Beirut, Lebanon)". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  12. ^ "Two demonstrators killed in clashes with Yemeni police - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  13. ^ a b google news Four Yemeni soldiers killed as unrest swells, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-03-04. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  14. ^ reuters Two Yemeni soldiers killed in ambush in south
  15. ^ "Trend News: One soldier killed, official kidnapped in south Yemen". En.trend.az. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  16. ^ "Five killed in south Yemen protests". Presstv.ir. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  17. ^ "Yemenis stage general strike to protest 'oppression'". Presstv.com. 2010-01-10. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  18. ^ "Yemen troops killed in attack on checkpoint". BBC News. 2010-01-24. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  19. ^ (AFP) – Jan 25, 2010 (2010-01-25). "AFP: One killed and 14 wounded in Yemen separatist violence". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  20. ^ "Khaleej Times Online - Yemen police officer shot dead by secessionists". Khaleejtimes.com. 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  21. ^ "Sahwa Net". Alsahwanet.net. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2010-04-27.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Yemeni opposition figure gunned down". Presstv.com. 2010-02-02. Archived from the original on 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2010-04-27.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  23. ^ "One Killed, 7 Injured in South Yemen Protest: Source". :. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  24. ^ "South Yemen uprising starts Saturday, says separatist". www.english.rfi.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  25. ^ "NewsYemen". NewsYemen. 2010-02-13. Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-04-27. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  26. ^ Reuters (2010-02-20). "Two dead in ambush of govt vehicle in south Yemen". Arab News. Archived from the original on 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2010-04-27. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  27. ^ "Arrests, Detentions, Death in Yemen's Southern Conflict | Middle East | English". .voanews.com. 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  28. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency". Sabanews.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  29. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency". Sabanews.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  30. ^ Mohammed Ghobari (2010-02-27). "Yemen declares state of emergency in southern city". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  31. ^ "Yémen/Sud: un activiste tué ainsi que trois proches et deux policiers - RTL info". Rtlinfo.be. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  32. ^ "Une explosion détruit un immeuble au Yémen, on craint 19 morts, actualité Monde : Le Point". Lepoint.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  33. ^ "2 Killed, 10 Wounded in Riot-Hit South- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Yemenpost.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  34. ^ "Middle East - Scores escape amid Yemen jail blast". Al Jazeera English. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  35. ^ lefigaro.fr (2010-04-15). "Le Figaro - Flash Actu : Yemen: manifestations de l'opposition". Lefigaro.fr. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  36. ^ AFP: Suspected Qaeda members kill Yemeni colonel
  37. ^ "Yemen: 2 Army Officers Killed in Southern Ambush". Fox News. 2010-06-20.
  38. ^ AFP: '3 Yemeni soldiers die' in clashes in south
  39. ^ a b c d e f "Tracker: Unrest in Southern Yemen - Critical Threats". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2015.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  40. ^ One killed as police clash with separatists in southern Yemen - Monsters and Critics
  41. ^ "2 Die, 4 Hospitalized after Police Thwart Aden Rally on War's End Anniversary - Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  42. ^ "2 Killed and 7 Injured in Lahj Clashes - Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  43. ^ YemenOnline - Voice of Yemen : Separatists attack security checkpoint killing two soldiers
  44. ^ http://www.france24.com/en/20110110-two-dead-army-battles-south-yemen-militants
  45. ^ Fierce clashes between the army and the separatists South of Yemen
  46. ^ Woman dies in south Yemen protest
  47. ^ "One killed, another Wounded in Abyan- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  48. ^ Yemeni regime loses grip on four provinces - Arab News
  49. ^ "One soldier killed in raid by separatist militants in south Yemen". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  50. ^ "Eight die as Yemeni troops fight southern rebels". Reuters. 10 June 2011.
  51. ^ "Army kills 'al-Qaeda fighters' in Yemen". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  52. ^ Kasinof, Laura (24 June 2011). "Yemen's Security Forces Clash With Protesters at Funeral Procession for a Popular Activist". The New York Times.
  53. ^ Yemenis stage mass rival rallies
  54. ^ Three soldiers killed in south Yemen ambush
  55. ^ "Armed tribesmen storm prison, police station in south Yemen". Trend. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  56. ^ "Houthis and Southern Movement to boycott February election". Yemen Times. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  57. ^ "Four killed in south Yemen clashes". The Daily Star. 17 January 2014.
  58. ^ a b "Army-separatist clash kills four in south Yemen". The Daily Star. 30 January 2014.
  59. ^ "Gunmen kill four soldiers in south Yemen: official". The Daily Star. 5 February 2014.
  60. ^ "Yemen tribesmen kill soldiers in restive Hadramawt". The Daily Star. 7 February 2014.
  61. ^ "Nine dead, 14 soldiers seized in clashes between gunmen and army in Yemen". The Daily Star. 18 February 2014.
  62. ^ "Two Yemeni soldiers, 30 people killed in clashes". World Bulletin. 9 March 2014.
  63. ^ ""Al-Qaeda" attacks in Yemen leave 15 dead". NOW. 7 August 2014.
  64. ^ "GCC rejects formation of Yemen transitional council | Yemen News | Al Jazeera". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  65. ^ The New Arab. "Banished Aden governor forms independent "South Yemen" council". alaraby.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  66. ^ Saudi Research & Marketing (uk) Ltd. "Hadi Rejects 'South Council,' Urges Members to Clarify their Stances - ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". english.aawsat.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  67. ^ "Yemen gov't rejects formation of "southern transitional council" - Xinhua | English.news.cn". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  68. ^ "Südjemenitische Separatisten erobern Aden". NZZ. 30 January 2018.
  69. ^ "Yemen's Saudi-backed government 'to flee from Aden'". The Guardian. 30 January 2018.
  70. ^ "Breaking: Yemeni separatists conquer the city of Aden from Saudi-backed forces after two-day battle". AMN. 30 January 2018.
  71. ^ "Separatists Takes Control of Aden, Yemen: Residents". Abb Takk. 30 January 2018.
  72. ^ "Yemen separatists 'capture Aden' from Hadi forces". The Irish Times. 30 January 2018.
  73. ^ "Yemen separatists capture Aden, government confined to palace - residents". Swissinfo. 30 January 2018.
  74. ^ "I separatisti del sud dello Yemen hanno conquistato Aden, città controllata dai loro ex alleati". Il Post. 30 January 2018.
  75. ^ "Yemen separatists capture Aden, government confined to palace: residents". Reuters. 30 January 2018.
  76. ^ "Violent Clashes between Al-Maraqeshah and Gunmen of Mobility in Abyan- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  77. ^ a b Yemen after Saleh: A future fraught with violence Archived 2012-08-25 at the Wayback Machine
  78. ^ "South Yemen: Is It About to Declare Independence? - TIME". TIME.com. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  79. ^ "500 'Qaida' Killed, Aid Needed, Says Yemen Army". Naharnet. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
  80. ^ [1], "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-04-27.Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
External links

Category:Arab separatism Category:Rebellions in Yemen Category:Wars involving Yemen​Category:Separatism in Yemen​Category:Conflicts in 2010 Category:Conflicts in 2011 Category:Conflicts in 2012​Category:Conflicts in 2013 Category:Conflicts in 2014 Category:National security in YemenCategory:2009 in Yemen Category:2010s in Yemen Category:Conflicts in 2009​Category:Conflicts in 2015 Category:Yemeni Crisis (2011–present)
Last edited on 30 April 2020, at 08:08
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