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Vice-President of Egypt
  (Redirected from Vice President of Egypt)
The Vice-President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is a senior official within the Egyptiangovernment.
Vice-President of the
Arab Republic of Egypt

Arms of the Government
Incumbent
Vacant
since 14 August 2013
AppointerPresident of Egypt
Formation7 March 1958
14 July 2013 (Interim)
23 April 2019
First holderSabri al-Asali
Akram al-Hawrani
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Abdel Hakim Amer
Final holderMahmoud Mekki
Mohamed ElBaradei(Interim)
Abolished26 December 2012
18 January 2014 (Interim)
History of the office
Before 1971
In 1962, President Gamal Abdel Nasser instituted collective leadership in Egypt, separating the post of Prime Minister from that of President and establishing a presidential council to deal with all issues formerly considered presidential prerogatives. Five of the council's 11 members were Vice-Presidents of Egypt.[1]
Under the 1971 Constitution
According to article 139 of the 1971 Constitution, the President "may appoint one or more Vice-Presidents define their jurisdiction and relieve them of their posts. The rules relating to the calling to account of the President of the Republic shall be applicable to the Vice-Presidents." The Constitution gave broad authority to the President to determine the number of Vice-Presidents, as well as their appointment, dismissal and duties of office.
After the 2011 amendments, the president should appointed a vice president 60 days after his inauguration.
Under the 2012 Constitution
The 2012 Constitution does not include the position of Vice-President.[2]
With the adoption of the 2012 Constitution on 26 December 2012, the office of Vice-President was abolished. Mahmoud Mekki was the last person to hold the office before the adoption of the 2012 Constitution, having resigned on 22 December 2012.
2013 coup d'état
After the overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, the position of the Vice-President was briefly restored (with extra-constitutional basic) by Acting President Adly Mansour, who appointed Mohamed ElBaradei to the post of Acting Vice-President on 7 July 2013.[3][4] He was sworn in on 14 July.[5] On 14 August 2013, following a violent crackdown by security forces on supporters of deposed President Morsi, in which more than 800 people were killed,[6] ElBaradei resigned as Acting Vice President.[7]
Under the 2014 Constitution
Much like the 2012 Constitution, until 2019, the 2014 Constitution also did not include the position of Vice-President.
The office has since been restored following a constitutional referendum.
List of officeholders
This list contains Vice-Presidents of United Arab Republic (1958–71, included Syria until the 1961 coup d'état) and Arab Republic of Egypt (1971–present).[8]
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical partyPresident
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
(1903–1976)
7 March 19587 October 1958214 daysNational PartyNasser
 1
Akram al-Hawrani
أكرم الحوراني
(1912–1996)
7 March 195819 September 19602 years, 196 daysBa'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nasser
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
عبد اللطيف البغدادي
(1917–1999)
7 March 195823 March 19646 years, 16 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
 Arab Socialist Union
Abdel Hakim Amer
محمد عبد الحكيم عامر
(1919–1967)
7 March 195830 September 19657 years, 207 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
 Arab Socialist Union
 5
Nur al-Din Kahala
نور الدين كحالة
(1908–1965)
20 September 196018 October 19611 year, 28 daysNational UnionNasser
 6
Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
عبد الحميد السراج
(1925–2013)
16 August 196118 October 196163 daysNational UnionNasser
Kamal el-Din Hussein
كمال الدين حسين
(1921–1999)
16 August 196123 March 19642 years, 220 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
 Arab Socialist Union
 6
Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
(1918–2012)
16 August 196123 March 19642 years, 220 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
 Arab Socialist Union
 6
Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
(1918–2005)
16 August 196130 September 19654 years, 45 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
 Arab Socialist Union
 10
Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
17 February 196426 March 196438 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
 10
Hassan Ibrahim
حسن ابراهيم
(1917–1990)
17 February 196427 January 19661 year, 344 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
 (6)
Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
(1918–2012)
1 October 196520 March 19682 years, 171 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
 12
Ali Sabri
على صبرى
(1920–1991)
1 October 196520 March 19682 years, 171 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
  (6)
Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
(1918–2005)
20 March 196819 December 19694 years, 302 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
Sadat
 (10)
Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
19 December 196914 October 1970299 daysArab Socialist UnionNasser
13 
Ali Sabri
على صبرى
(1920–1991)
30 October 19702 May 1971184 daysArab Socialist UnionSadat
 14
Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
(1900–1981)
16 January 197218 September 19742 years, 245 daysArab Socialist UnionSadat
Vacant (18 September 1974–16 April 1975)
 15
Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
(1928–2020)
16 April 197514 October 19816 years, 181 daysArab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
Sadat
 National Democratic Party
Vacant (14 October 1981–29 January 2011)
 16
Omar Suleiman
عمر سليمان
(1936–2012)
29 January 201111 February 201113 daysIndependentMubarak
Vacant (11 February 2011–12 August 2012)
 17
Mahmoud Mekki
محمود مكي
(born 1954)
12 August 201222 December 2012132 daysIndependentMorsi
Vacant (22 December 2012–26 December 2012)
Post abolished (26 December 2012–14 July 2013)
— 
Mohamed ElBaradei
محمد البرادعي
(born 1942)
(Interim)
14 July 201314 August 201331 daysConstitution PartyMansour
(Interim)
Vacant (14 August 2013–18 January 2014)
Post abolished (18 January 2014–23 April 2019)
Vacant (23 April 2019–present)
References
  1. ^ Nasser institutes Collective Leadership, Davar, 1962 (in Hebrew)
  2. ^ Shalaby,Ethar (3 December 2012). "VP not to continue according to new constitution". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Egyptian interim president nominates two for leadership posts". Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Egypt's Salafist party rejects choices for premier, vice-president". Al Arabiya. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  5. ^ Aya Batrawy, "Egypt's defense minister defends ousting president", Associated Press, 14 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Egyptian security forces storm protesters' camps". The Washington Post. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Egypt's VP Mohamed ElBaradei resigns in protest against crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  8. ^​http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/330352/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-constitutional-changes-A-look-at-the-post-o.aspx
External links
http://nasser.bibalex.org/Days/DaysAll.aspx?CS=1&x=5
Last edited on 3 May 2021, at 02:12
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