View of the World from 9th Avenue View of the World from 9th Avenue
(sometimes A Parochial New Yorker's View of the World
, A New Yorker's View of the World
or simply View of the World
) is a 1976 illustration by Saul Steinberg
that served as the cover of the March 29, 1976, edition of The New Yorker
. The work presents the view from Manhattan
of the rest of the world showing Manhattan as the center of the world.
Saul Steinberg created 85 covers and 642 internal drawings and illustrations for The New Yorker
including its March 29, 1976 cover, titled "View of the World from 9th Avenue
This is regarded as his most famous work. It is considered an example of unintentional fame: Steinberg has noted that the type of fame that resulted from the work has diminished his significance to "the man who did that poster".
The work is sometimes referred to as A Parochial New Yorker's View of the World
or A New Yorker's View of the World
because it depicts a map of the world as seen by self-absorbed
At one point The New Yorker
applied for a copyright from the United States Copyright Office
for the work. It assigned the copyright to Steinberg and subsequently reproduced posters of the painting.
The illustration is split in two parts, with the bottom half of the image showing Manhattan
's 9th Avenue, 10th Avenue
, and the Hudson River
(appropriately labeled), and the top half depicting the rest of the world. It is a westward view from 9th Avenue. Buildings along 9th Avenue are shown in detail, with those between 9th Avenue and the river also shown but in less detail; individual cars and trucks are drawn along the streets, and pedestrians are drawn along the sidewalks. The rest of the United States is the size of the three New York City blocks and is drawn as a rectangle bounded by North American neighbors Canada
, with a thin brown strip along the Hudson representing "Jersey"
, the names of five cities (Los Angeles
; Washington, D.C.
; Las Vegas
; Kansas City
; and Chicago
) and three states (Texas
, and Nebraska
) scattered among a few rocks for the United States beyond New Jersey, which is in bolder font than the rest of the country beyond the Hudson. Washington, D.C. is depicted as a remote location near Mexico. The Pacific Ocean, slightly wider than the Hudson, separates the United States from three flattened land masses labeled China, Japan and Russia. The image depicts the world with a back turned to Europe
, which is absent from the painting.
The work is composed in ink, pencil, colored pencil
, and watercolor
on paper and measures 28 by 19 inches (71 cm × 48 cm).
When exhibiting this work along with alternate versions and sketches, the University of Pennsylvania
summarized the work as a "bird's-eye view of the city from Ninth Avenue in a straight line westward, with space becoming ever more condensed..." They also described the work as a tongue-in-cheek
view of the world. New York
interpreted the New York-centric mind's view of the rest of the world as a set of outer boroughs
as iconic. National Post
journalist Robert Fulford
described the perspective as one in which the entire world is a suburb of Manhattan.
View of the World
has been imitated without authorization in a variety of ways.
The work has been imitated in postcard format by numerous municipalities, states and nations.
Steinberg had stated that he could have retired on royalties from the many parodies made of the painting, had they been paid, a motivation for his eventual copyright lawsuit for the Moscow on the Hudson
Fulford, writing in The National Post
, noted that the metaphor of the world as a suburb of Manhattan was "understood and borrowed" by the whole world. Local artists, especially poster artists, presented similarly compelling depictions of their own provincial perceptions. Fulford demonstrated the prominence of this work by mentioning that a high school in suburban Ottawa
made imitating View of the World
an assignment in its graphic arts
class. He also noted that the result of this assignment was a worldwide variety of global foci from which the students viewed the world.
The cover was later satirized by Barry Blitt for the cover of The New Yorker
on October 6, 2008. The cover featured Sarah Palin
looking out of her window seeing only Alaska, with Russia in the far background.
The March 21, 2009 The Economist
included a story entitled "How China sees the World" that presents a parody that is also an homage to the original image, but depicting the viewpoint from Beijing's Chang'an Avenue
instead of Manhattan. A caption above the illustration reads "Illustration by Jon Berkeley
(with apologies to Steinberg and The New Yorker
)". It accompanied an article that discussed the burgeoning Chinese economy at the time of the contemporary financial crisis
On October 17, 2005, American Society of Magazine Editors
unveiled its list of the top 40 magazine covers of the prior 40 years and ranked View of the World from 9th Avenue
in fourth place. The listing stated that the work "...has come to represent Manhattan's telescoped perception of the country beyond the Hudson River. The cartoon showed the supposed limited mental geography of Manhattanites."
- ^ "How China sees the world". The Economist. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- ^ Woo, Elaine (May 14, 1999). "Saul Steinberg; Artist Best Known for Covers and Cartoons in the New Yorker". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ "The New Yorker Cover, View of the World from 9th Avenue". Condé Nast and Art.com, Inc. March 29, 1976. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ a b Brim, Orville Gilber (2009). Look at Me!: The Fame Motive from Childhood to Death. University of Michigan Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0472050703.
- ^ Kennicott, Philip (July 15, 2008). "The New Yorker Cover and the Challenge of Satire". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ a b Merryman, John Henry, Albert Edward Elsen, and Stephen K. Urice (2007). Law, Ethics, And the Visual Arts. Kluwer Law International. p. 548. ISBN 978-9041125187.
- ^ Jacobs, Frank (February 7, 2007). "72 - The World As Seen From New York's 9th Avenue". big think. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ "View of the World from 9th Avenue, 1976". SaulSteinbergFoundation.org. Archived from the original on November 29, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ a b Leymarie, Jean. "Saul Steinberg". Almanac. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ New York. 39. New York. 2006. p. 96.
- ^ a b Fulford, Robert (June 21, 2005). "A 'parody of talent': A new book posits that Saul Steinberg did for art what James Joyce did for literature". RobertFulford.com. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
- ^ Boxer, Sarah (May 13, 1999). "Saul Steinberg, Epic Doodler, Dies at 84". New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- ^ New Yorker Cover – June 10, 2008 (October 6, 2008). "New Yorker Cover – 10/6/2008 at The New Yorker Store". Newyorkerstore.com. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- ^ "How China sees the world: And how the world should see China". Economist.com. March 21, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- ^ a b Busis, Hillary (October 2, 2012). "View of the World from 9th Avenue... as seen on Apple Maps". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ "Apple Maps Wreak Havoc with New Yorker Cover". Mad Magazine. October 1, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ Mack, Eric (October 2, 2012). "The New Yorker's view from 9th Avenue -- via Apple Maps". CNET. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
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- ^ "ASME's Top 40 Magazine Covers of the Last 40 Years". American Society of Magazine Editors. October 17, 2005. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
Last edited on 9 March 2021, at 20:33
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